7 tips for those who don't know where to start renovating the kitchen. Together with an expert, it was decided to tell you about how to plan kitchen renovations, how to wire and lay out pipes. In addition, you will find tips for the placement of all household appliances. The main thing for the kitchen is the functional placement of equipment, appliances and furniture, and also that all appliances have their own power points. How to achieve this and where to start renovating the kitchen - read on.
This is a room layout plan. Before starting the renovation, you should think about what you would like to change and how you will place equipment and furniture. For this, it will not be superfluous to make a virtual layout of the kitchen, and in detail.
The fact is that this will all other repair steps depend. If you want an extra work surface, why not use a windowsill? You will need to make a false wall under it and you can hide the battery there.
In order to transfer a washing machine to the kitchen, additional pipes will be required to drain and supply water. In addition, even an outlet for an extra switch / socket should be provided in advance, before finishing work begins.
The project needs to be sized according to the geometry of the final kitchen, because this is the real size of the kitchen, which you will receive after dismantling the old finishing materials and installing new ones. The difference can be enormous. For example, if you plan to sheathe walls with drywall sheets, this will reduce each wall by 4 cm.
Usually the kitchen is furnished with a standard (like usually built-in) and removable appliances (which are used irregularly). All this should be placed conveniently in relation to each other and a sufficient number of outlets should be planned for future outlets.
Placement of sink and dishwasher
The sink does not need to be placed in the corner , the main thing is that it is as close to the drain and risers as possible. A dishwasher should have a similar location. It will occupy the entire module, there will be no voids, and therefore it will not be possible to lay pipes for water or drainage behind it, and it will be necessary to file the load-bearing wall, and it is better not to do this.
The best solution would be to lay pipes and drain side by side on the right and left sides. You can do it differently - the first module from the riser will be a sink, and the second a machine. It's also worth looking at exactly how you put the dishes in the dishwasher. If you are used to holding the plate in your left hand and washing it with your right, then it would be logical to place the dishwasher to the right of the sink, so that there are no unnecessary movements.
Placement of the microwave and oven
The oven, which is located under the hob, is the most popular option.
In small kitchens it will not work otherwise. But if you have space, it will be more convenient to put an additional column near the refrigerator with the same height with modules (4 pieces): there will be storage boxes below and above, an oven in the middle, and a microwave oven above it. The oven can be used without even bending over.
Along the wall, where all the built-in equipment is located, it has become fashionable to make an elevation called the podium. Its role is to separate the cooking area from the living or dining area, especially when it comes to a studio apartment.
It's beautiful but impractical. The weak point will be a long joint between materials, because it is difficult to make it tight, especially if it has an irregular shape.
Installing the hood
When preparing the kitchen for major repairs, you will also need to install the hood. The general rule for installing forced ventilation is to bring the device as close to the ventilation shaft as possible. A long box that covers the hood will look ugly in itself, and the longer it is, the more noise it will create, and will also create certain difficulties in leaving.
Every 6 years, each elbow of the hood should be cleaned of dust and fumes. Exactly how the hood is best - in the form of a hood or an inclined plane, will depend on your priorities.
If you hardly cook at home, then you don't need forced ventilation. It is enough to put a hood with a filter to cope with air purification, and it can be placed at any distance from the ventilation shaft, even near a window.
Installing the refrigerator
It is best to put it in the corner, but placing it by the window is not advisable. It is best to place a work area in that place where you can cook. It will be convenient to place a column for a microwave and an oven near the refrigerator.
In addition, do not put the refrigerator in the middle of the kitchen unit - this will violate the aesthetics and will shade the countertop. A large refrigerator, which is 120 cm wide, is often unattainable due to cost. You can make such a refrigerator and spend much less. Purchase two standard refrigerators with a width of 0.6 meters and place them together with handles.
The composition will look like a single whole, and the benefits are much greater - if one device fails, you can safely use the second.If we are talking about a washing machine, then it is best to put it in the corner opposite to the refrigerator.
Distribution of interchangeable equipment
In kitchens, there is enough of such equipment - this is a mixer, a multicooker, a bread machine, a meat grinder, a kettle, a coffee maker, and 3-4 items from the list are needed constantly. Usually they are placed on modules free from cooking, and for other items, find a place in the closet. By the way, you can increase the working area of the kitchen thanks to the windowsill.
It can be extended to the width of the countertops and connected. To make the window sill stable, you can make a 5-10 cm false wall under it and place a heating radiator inside. Thus, the cooking zone will be increased, the view from the window will cheer up. There are also disadvantages, namely that convection will be disturbed if the battery is placed under a window, in addition, it will be inconvenient for you to open the window.
Buy or not buy - the door to the kitchen
The door is a must, especially if you have a gas stove installed.
Most often, a kitchen door is needed in order to muffle sounds or protect an apartment from odors. But in the latter case, this does not really help, and it would be better to install a powerful hood. But you should not get rid of the doorway. If you have a ready-made ordinary opening with a width of 0.8 meters and a height of 2.
06 meters, then you can insert or remove the door at any time, if necessary. As you can see, the stages of DIY kitchen repair are natural, and everything will be done in the correct order. Sliding doors are a real partition, but not real, formal. It will still pass sounds and smells, and operation will be more difficult, so a real door will be the best option.
When the design project is ready, you can go further.
Everything that is old should be dismantled - floor coverings, ceiling and wall finishing materials, old communications. Next, we do the wiring and plumbing wiring.
Cables and wires should be laid in strict accordance with the project. You already know where the furniture and household appliances will be placed, how many exits and lighting are required. Cables and wires must be suitable for the load.
Make switches and sockets according to the requirements of the devices that will be connected to them. The material and cross-section of cables should also be selected according to the instructions for certain models. Make sure the total power is not exceeded.
Sewerage and water pipes are usually located in a technical shaft. This will provide access for renovation work and reduce the risk of flooding the apartment.
wiring and sewerage in the kitchen are carried out according to the collector scheme, and for each point there must be its own pipeline. It is worth knowing in advance what pressure is in the system. Above 5 atm, a pressure reducing valve and pressure reducer should be installed.For cold and hot water, buy anti-corrosion metal-polymer and polymer pipes, the service life of which is 50 years. Plumbing equipment will be connected to the sewer riser with PVC pipes with a diameter of 4-5 cm.
If they are hidden in walls or a screed on the floor, then they must have permanent connections.
Finishing is done like this - first screed the floor, leveling, after finishing window openings and ceilings.
The surface of the kitchen floor should be made of materials that are not afraid of grease, mechanical stress and moisture. They should be easy to clean and free of streaks. In the interior design of the kitchen, the floor will also matter more.
All requirements are met by quartz vinyl tiles, laminate, porcelain stoneware, cork and tiles. The floors should be easy to clean and there should be no streaks on the surface.
The most popular and fastest way to level the surface will be use of moisture resistant gypsum plasterboard. The problem appears when you plan to use large quantities of hanging furniture in the kitchen. Drywall is not strong enough to support the weight of a heavy cabinet.
It is not suitable for those places where the unevenness of the walls is more than 10 cm.
Such walls will need to be leveled with plaster, and so that it does not crack, use a reinforcing wall. A little about decoration and a kitchen apron. Now, when ordering pieces of furniture, they often offer a choice of harmonious ready-made aprons from different materials, for example, glass, MDF, chipboard, tiles, mosaics. It is quite possible to choose the best option in terms of price-quality ratio.
Differences in the surface of a couple of cm can be leveled using suspended structures - rack, plasterboard, tension. If you plan on plastering, a deep penetration primer should be applied to begin with, and layers of putty can be applied over the top. Before applying the next layer, the surface should be primed.
What to do at the very end
At the very end, you can arrange furniture, a hood and install built-in appliances. The hood is installed last.
For the layout of furniture, it would be wise to buy or order modules in size 0.4-0. 6 meters. The size will depend on the size of the built-in appliances purchased. Modules of regular size will provide the ability to upgrade equipment or install additional modules in the future.
Near the hob, you should put boxes for large dishes - pans, pots, and near the sink a box for forks, spoons and knives.
How to fit a kitchen to size
Calculate how much space all important modules will take. The ideal option would be if the resulting length is equal to the size of the kitchen. Don't be discouraged if there is no room for additional modules.If the length of the headset is greater than the size of the kitchen, then one module should be removed or ordered in a smaller size.
If not enough, order additional items.
There are no trifles in the kitchen, and the sequence of calculation should be as clear as in a chess game. If you can take everything into account, you can enjoy the comfort, and if you miss it, you will need to re-route the cable for the coffee maker, because there is nowhere to connect it.
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