The technology of finishing the basement with panels that look like stone originated in Canada and the USA, but now it is spreading more and more due to the mass of advantages. The panels we are talking about in this article are a type of siding and it is easy to guess that outwardly they look like stone. They are produced using high pressure casting.
Plinth trimmed with stone panels
Despite the fact that it is beneficial to sheathe the plinth with this material from many sides, installation should be carried out very accurately and carefully, however, the same applies to other finishing materials. So, let's look at how the basement should be finished with stone panels.
Plinth finishing with stone panels
A plinth is part of the foundation that is above the ground. One of the functions that the plinth performs is to protect the building from moisture penetration, including due to rain. The plinth is both functional and architectural, so this part of the house must be treated very responsibly. The plinth also provides thermal insulation between the main building space and the basement.
The choice of the basement height depends on climatic conditions, the topography of the site, the likelihood of flooding and other factors
Interesting! Architects believe that the basement should be attributed to the wall, its lower part, but the builders, on the contrary, are sure that this is still an element of the foundation.
Scheme of a base of concrete blocks
Scheme of finishing a base and facade
First, modern materials have excellent design and significantly improve the exterior of the building. Secondly, the technique allows you to increase resistance to moisture, which allows you to forget about the problems with cracking of the foundation for a long time. If the liquid gets into the voids of the material from which the base of the building is made, it will freeze in cold weather, and, as you know, ice has a larger volume than water, and as a result, cracks will appear. To better understand the principle, you can put a PET bottle filled to the top with water in the freezer overnight - in the morning the container will be severely deformed. The same happens with building materials if moisture gets into them.
Base / plinth protection
The base / plinth has a much higher load than the facade, so this part of the structure must be treated with great attention. Temperature changes that cannot be avoided, groundwater currents, the pressure of the house itself, precipitation in the form of rain or snow, can adversely affect the condition of the basement.
Plinth panel for brick
Plinth trim panels - material features and fastenings
One of the methods that have proven themselves to be excellent in protecting the basement, are special panels, stylized as a stone structure. Among the important positive points are the following.
Stone-look Nailite Panel
Finishing the foundation of a wooden house with basement panels
Basement siding "Alta-profile"
It is difficult to find really serious negative sides of the panels for finishing the basement, but you can point out a couple of points.
Basement siding under a stone installation
The production of such products is carried out only using new, innovative technologies, which appeared thanks to the hard work of highly qualified specialists. Only materials are used that have high resistance to low temperatures and are endowed with water-repellent properties. Also, they (materials) should not crack in winter and with strong wind.
Most often, polypropylene is taken as a basis, which is formed by casting, the characteristics of such panels are always at a high level.
Another example of a stone-look plinth panel
In general, it is possible to use different polymers if they contain chemicals that increase product use period. The choice of the base material directly affects the cost.
Note! It is recommended to buy panels of the upper price category, as there will be fewer problems with them and you will not have to deal with buying / installing new ones after a while.
Variety of basement panels
Before how to choose and purchase the required number of panels, you need to deal with the existing types of these products, with all their features, strengths and weaknesses.
Each variety has some differences that need to be considered. Today, 4 types are widely used, which are presented in the table.
Table. Popular types of basement panels for stone.
|Panel Layout||Features and Benefits|
| Fiber cement panels stand out from the whole range of products for their overestimated strength characteristics and high degree of weather resistance.
Such products are difficult to distinguish from a real stone; they do not harm either nature or human health.
|These plinths are made on the basis of vinyl plastic, they can also be added with a variety of specific dyes, so that the color palette is the widest, it is also easy to choose the desired texture. Ideal for those who value the visual impression of the appearance of the house.|
| Acrylic base panels are highly resistant to harmful UV solar radiation. They are capable of retaining their original color throughout their entire life cycle.
The panels presented can withstand continuous shock loads.
|They are good in cases where it is necessary not only to strengthen the base and make the interior more pleasant, but also to improve thermal insulation. The structure of such panels has several layers, the uppermost of them - decorative - finished with a stone. The rest are important from a technical point of view.|
FineBer ground siding.
Wild sand stone
Basement siding for stone
Panel under burnt brick
Exclusive Canadian basement panels "Torn Stone"
The price will depend on several factors at once. Firstly, this is the country that produces the siding, and the specific company - the more reputable the company, the higher the cost.The material used also affects what kind of polymers, modifiers, and so on. If you are looking for products that are easy to install and have large dimensions, then the price for them will be higher than for small options. If you want to save money, then you should not choose fanciful panels, since the intricate texture and color significantly increase the cost.
The better the characteristics of the product, that is, resistance to temperature extremes, strength, resistance to wind, the more expensive it will cost.
Döcke basement siding
Important! It is worth paying attention to the domestic manufacturer, among the goods they represent on the market now you can find very good copies not only in appearance, but also in characteristics, while the price is an order of magnitude lower than that of foreign counterparts.
Colors for Vox Solid Stone Series Plinths
Facade panels FineBer (basement siding)
Wall panels like stone
When you start choosing stone-style panels for your base / plinth finish, there are a few things to focus on. If the product is of high quality, then the characteristics specified by the manufacturer will be high, while the appearance should be appropriate, without defects. The material greatly affects the rate of burnout under the sun, if the base is not in the shade and you want to maintain a beautiful exterior for a long time - ask the seller for more details.
How to choose a finishing material
It is better to buy panels in those places where there is a large selection of different goods, so that there is plenty to choose from ... The period of successful work is also very important: if the company has existed for several years and has managed to accumulate many customers with positive reviews, it means that it is selling a quality product. Decide which is more important - ease of installation or savings.
If the former, then you should pay attention to the large panels, if the latter, then to the small ones. A good product must be accompanied by a license and a certificate that guarantee quality.
Facing with Dagestan stone
The facade faced with Dagestan stone looks prestigious and creates an impression of the homeowner's wealth. However, the cost of such finishing is relatively small and comparable to the cost of a "wet façade". Therefore, with relative cheapness, you can get an impressive result.
Read more in this article.
Installing panels under a stone is easy. You need to be very careful and pedantic in the process, carefully carry out all measurements and calculations.
Installation of basement panels (in this case, a wooden crate is used due to the peculiarities of the house itself)
We will tell you how to properly install the finishing panel on a concrete base.
Tools for installation
Step 1. Calculate the required number of panels in one row. To do this, divide the total length of the wall (minus the space for the corner elements) by the effective length of one panel.
Step 2. If there is not enough part to cover the wall in the entire length, or you need to install the panels along the contour of a window or other element without closing it, use a tape measure and measure exactly how the panel should be cut.
Using a hand-held circular saw with a diamond disc or a hacksaw, we cut out the part we need from one panel.
We measure which part needs to be cut off
Important! Do not cut more than 1 piece from each piece, otherwise the result will not look so natural.
Carefully cut out the necessary part
Angle grinders (grinders)
Step 3. We proceed to installing the panels. We lean the product against the base exactly in the place where it will be located.
We need to drill a fastening hole using a punch, then we use special fasteners for reliable fixation.
Drill the mounting hole with a hammer drill
Fix the panel using fasteners
Step 4. Move the next panel, fasten it in 6 places so that it is resistant to the wind - 5 fasteners on top and 1 on the side. The top attachment line should start from the center.
Installing the rest of the panels
Make sure the mount is not too rigid to ensure proper reaction to temperature changes (expansion compensation).
We make sure that the mount is not too rigid
Important! Also between the panels you need gaps for the same purpose. If you carry out the installation in winter, then the joint width should be about 15 cm, and if in summer, then no more than 10 cm.
As you can see, the installation process is not at all complicated and does not take much time, while your house will be insulated, and the base will be reinforced and protected from moisture. The technology allows you to simply and cheaply give elegance to the exterior and increase the duration of the building's operation.
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