Technical characteristics of tile adhesive for pools + selection features
Special tiles of small size will usually act as a lining material for the pool bowl. It has a beautiful appearance and is very practical as well as durable.
For gluing the tile material and sealing the joints, you will definitely need a high-quality adhesive specially for the pool. It is this tool that will help to increase the life of the tile and make it resistant to mechanical damage.
Let's talk in more detail about tile adhesive for pools.
How to choose the best material for laying a mosaic base, which will be subject to heavy loads every day? You should choose a high-quality adhesive for work if it will fully meet certain stringent requirements.
The composition must necessarily comply with the following characteristics:
- Resistance to water. Only waterproof adhesives will help to ensure complete waterproofing of the base, and still does not react to prolonged contact with water. Still, such a tool must be durable in order to easily withstand the pressure from a huge volume of liquids.
- Inert to chemical attack.
Chlorine, as well as other disinfectants, household chemicals and salts are capable of destroying poor adhesive composition.
- Excellent adhesion performance. The product should hold the mosaic firmly in the pool after it hardens.
- Elasticity. Only highly elastic compounds during deformation, as well as external and internal impacts will not crumble, cracks and cracks will not appear on them.
- Lack of response to temperature changes. A high-quality adhesive composition is frost-resistant and heat-resistant, because the water temperature in an indoor pool will constantly fluctuate, and in open structures, ceramics will completely freeze in winter. The agent must also be resistant to changes in water temperature when it is cooled or even heated.
- Antiseptic properties. The glue must necessarily contain special antifungal components that will prevent mold from multiplying.
- Security. The product may not be suitable for the pool if, after drying, it begins to release harmful substances into the water.
This makes the pool adhesive different from the bathroom tile. If the contact of the tiles with moisture in the house is regular, then the walls and floor will dry out quickly, and then there will be constant water in the pool bowl.
Please note that the moisture resistant adhesive that is able to seal the substrate is as reliable as possible under these conditions of use.
So it will become thanks to the special ingredients in the composition.Most often, adhesives are produced on a cement or epoxy base, but with an improved composition.
The range of tile adhesives is incredibly large, but exactly those that are ideal for the pool , not so much. You should only search among proven and reliable brands. How to choose the composition? As a rule, among water-resistant adhesives there is a division into ready-made solutions and dry mixtures.
The cost per kilogram of the former is lower in terms of per square meter of the covered pool surface. Dry mixes are sold in bags, bags and are made on the basis of cement. Ready-made ones are most commonly sold in cans and buckets, and this includes epoxy or acrylic, latex, and polyurethane.
Waterproof tile adhesive for swimming pools should be chosen as follows:
The best can be considered two-component latex-based products, which have the highest adhesive performance. Even a large tile can last for a long time, and also not come off when using such an adhesive. To prevent it from protruding from under the grout, you should choose a suitable color (most often white). The packaging label must indicate compliance with GOST, series, batch number, expiration date and date. Large manufacturing companies always indicate this information.
Correspondence to the pool bowl
When laying the mosaic in the bowl, it is imperative to compare the characteristics of the tile adhesive composition and the parameters of the tile itself - variety, weight and size. The base material will strongly influence the choice of adhesive in terms of adhesion.
Here are the recommended standards:
It will be easy to lay tiles on brick, concrete and stone bowls. Such materials have a rough surface and therefore the ceramic cladding will hold much better. Dry types of mixes can do an excellent job, and they can also be used to paste over a pool bowl of any size. If you have to cover the base with glass mosaic, it is better to dilute dry mixtures not with water, but with an aqueous latex solution. This will greatly improve the strength characteristics of the adhesive composition.
Ready-made mixes are purchased if the bowl is made of smooth materials (for example, low-pressure polyethylene).In this case, tiling will play only decorative functions, because plastic itself will be an excellent finishing material for swimming pools. An excellent option would be an adhesive based on polyurethane, as well as epoxy resin. An excellent way to improve the performance of the glue is to add water glass. It is a material based on sodium and potassium, which has a high penetrating power.
It can seal all types of substrates and is therefore ideal for pool cladding. Glue "liquid glass" helps to give solidity, only with strict adherence to proportions. With such a unique tool available, you don't need to think about how to repair a crack in the pool. A mixture of cement-type glue and "liquid glass" will be an excellent solution for repairing damage.
Dependence on the operating mode
When the pool is used outdoors, the frost resistance of the adhesive will be a mandatory parameter.
Resistance to low temperatures is very important, because the tiles, along with the seams, will constantly freeze in the winter. Despite the fact that the water is drained in autumn and winter, the damage to the simple glue will become greater, and it can quickly crack. Frost resistance will be due to the presence of additives that will prevent the material from expanding after freezing. Such an adhesive composition as Ivsil Аqua is distinguished by the constancy of the structure. It should be made on the basis of cement with the addition of polymer substances.
The tool must withstand the lowest temperatures, and the facing will retain its appearance for a long time.
Adhesive composition and cleaning systems for water
The technical characteristics of tile adhesive for pools are varied, so it is difficult to choose a quality composition for pools, which are visited by many people. They need to be cleaned frequently as well as constantly chlorinated. In this case, the quality of the composition will come to the fore, or rather, resistance to the action of disinfectants. Those who contain chlorine are especially aggressive.
The adhesive composition of Ardex X 77 has fiber reinforcement (special additive), which allows it to not react to the effects of chlorine and other chemicals.
It is possible to glue tiles or even mosaics into the pool using imported or domestic compositions. The most popular are adhesives from the Cerisit company. Here are the most popular ones:
Other glue brands that are important to choose will include the following:
The glue can be used at temperatures from -50 degrees to +60 degrees.
This is an adhesive composition of a highly elastic type in the form of a dry mass, it is made in two colors (there are gray and white compositions). Everything is distinguished by its complete inertness to salts, chemicals, and also high resistance to water.
For a set of elasticity, the composition is able to neutralize the tension of the tiled layer and protect the surface from deformation.
Work with such adhesives should be carried out at temperatures from +5 to +31 degrees and humidity no more than 75%.
Even beginners can handle a small-sized pool in a summer cottage, but for large areas with large requirements without the necessary experience it is better not take. First, it is worth preparing the surface, and the base must also be dry, strong and have excellent bearing capacity. All loose parts, paint stains, fragile joints, oil and bitumen must be removed.
Level deviations should not be more than 0.1 cm per square meter of area.
To improve adhesion to the surface, treat with a suitable primer in two coats. Strongly absorbent substrates (for example, foam concrete) will be primed several times. The solution should be prepared strictly according to the instructions, and only clean tools and containers are used.
The dry mixture should be poured into water in small portions, but not vice versa - otherwise the mass will become stony. It is prohibited to change the proportions on your own.
The adhesive composition should be mixed for 3 to 5 minutes using a construction mixer, and then let it brew for 10 minutes. In the process of performing work, the solution should be regularly stirred so that it does not thicken. Dry adhesives should be diluted in small portions, because they have a short service life of up to 4 hours.
Consumption of adhesive composition should be from 2 to 4 kg per square meter, if the standing thickness is about 0.1 cm.First, you should apply the product to the base, and then apply a tile or even a mosaic along the markup. It is worth removing the glue from the surface of the glass or tile immediately, and then it will be more difficult to do. A day later (for some formulations from 6 hours), you can start rubbing the seams.
The pool cannot be used until after 3 to 7 days, depending on the characteristics of the grout and glue. Before the first use, the bowl will definitely need to be disinfected, and a high-quality adhesive composition will guarantee a long service life, and therefore you do not need to save on it.
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