Do-it-yourself balcony insulation + step-by-step instructions , ideas
The balcony can be an additional living room if you arrange it correctly. Before you start thinking about the interior and buying pieces of furniture, you should insulate the balcony in winter or summer.
You can do it yourself and not involve professionals.
For finishing a balcony or loggia and creating thermal insulation, several types are required materials. Before carrying out work, you must first determine which option will be appropriate.
The fact is that all types of materials differ in cost, specific use and performance. Consider the most popular types of insulation.
The first place of honor is occupied by foamed types of plastic of different density. The material is produced in the form of rectangular or square slabs. A distinctive feature of the material is its long service life.
P Plastics are easy to handle and install, so even beginners can use them. The advantages of the material include a low level of cost and a minimum indicator of heat conductivity, as well as a minimum indicator of thermal conductivity in the occupied market segment.
A universal type of material for insulation, which is carried out from all kinds of melts - volcanic, glass and sedimentary. Based on this, the material can be of three types - stone, slag and glass wool. A layer of air is used as a thermal insulator, with which you can isolate the room from the cold.
Ma material is produced in the form of rolls, cylinders or plates, which are excellent for cutting and processing.
The advantages of this material include water resistance, resistance to fire and aggressive chemical compounds, as well as excellent sound insulation. Moreover, the material is excellently responsible for the continuous circulation of air, and also helps to create a pleasant indoor climate. Another useful property is the environmental friendliness of the product. The production of mineral wool requires much less resources, and it also does not release harmful compounds into the air.
Please note, that there is a chamfer around the perimeter of the products, and this helps to simplify the fit of the material, and also makes it possible to stack all the elements as tightly as possible to each other.Penoplex has a cellular structure with small cells that are filled with gas and isolated from each other.
Thanks to this, it turns out to achieve excellent thermal insulation characteristics - insulation can be used even if your area has very severe winters.
In addition, the material itself is lightweight, which greatly simplifies transportation and installation work. Even the lightest foundation will withstand the weight of this insulation, and professional assistance is not needed for installation work. Moreover, penoplex weighs little, but the service life can last up to 50 years. The product will not rot, it will not decompose, and it will also be resistant to harmful microorganisms.
Foil polyethylene foam
Step-by-step instructions for insulating a balcony with your own hands says that you can use a multifunctional universal material that is able to retain heat, absorb moisture, reflect steam and act as a sound insulator. This is a layer of polyethylene, which is filled with a special gas and is soldered to the foil coating. The product has several layers, one of which is made of aluminum and is capable of reflecting up to 97% of heat. The material lends itself well to cutting and processing, and is also lightweight. The small thickness of the product makes it possible to lay it both butt and overlap.
Polyethylene foam helps to double the heat retention efficiency, and beats off a different temperature.
After the material for insulation is purchased, you can proceed to select the appropriate inventory and equipment. Balcony insulation does not require the use of hard-to-reach complex tools, and even a beginner in construction can perform all the work.
The following are required for finishing:
- A hacksaw - is required for cutting materials.
- Glue gun - is needed to glue tools together.
- Spatula - is used to apply glue and putty to work surfaces.
- Drill or punch - these tools can cut holes for fasteners.
- A brush - is needed to paint the dried putty layer.
- Sandpaper - is required for the final surface treatment with insulation.
- Construction level - helps to control the vertical plane of the surface.
- Brush - It can be used to apply a primer solution.
- Bucket for construction - in it you will dilute the glue solution.
- Metal corners and wooden slats - are needed for processing insulation material and fitting plates.
- Nails, screws, dowels - they are used as fasteners.
- Construction stapler - required for fastening and installation of materials, the length of the staples is 1 cm.
- Polyurethane foam - is required to close the edges and crevices.
Please note, that the list of materials may vary depending on what material is chosen and what are the features of the loggia.
When the balcony floor is uneven, it may also be necessary to apply sand, cement or ready-mixed mortars before starting repairs. For measuring work, you should use a tape measure or a building level, and to dilute the glue solution, you need a bucket or any other container that you do not mind smearing.
So, in order to prepare for the balcony insulation with your own hands, you must first remove all the dirt and garbage from the balcony.
If there is an old coating on the floor or surface of the walls, then it should be removed in advance. In addition, during preparation, it is required to divide the balcony into warm and cold zones. The second includes corners and walls that face the street or border other non-insulated surfaces, and the rest of the balcony can be called warm.
Based on these data, it is possible to draw up a work plan in advance:
Before starting the process, it is recommended to cover the floor surface with a primer solution. This way you will be able to prevent the appearance of mold and harmful microscopic organisms. On loggias that are not glazed, there are often holes, through holes and large crevices.
They can be sealed with polyurethane foam or a special solution so that there is no heat loss and the service life of the insulation material is extended.
Glazing is an extremely important step in order to improve a balcony or loggia. This will make it possible to keep warm as best as possible, and will also protect the room from wind, rain and snow and can turn the loggia into a separate room. But it is worth considering right away that such a procedure will require a lot of effort than ordinary insulation, and for implementation it is required to contact professionals. But the more confident and experienced repairmen can do everything on their own.
There are several ways to glaze a balcony:
All balcony insulation systems in winter have an excellent service life.
A balcony glazed with this method will serve for at least 40 years. There are also drainage holes in the structure, which help to minimize the risk of frame freezing. In addition, plastic products are much easier to care for - they do not need to be painted, they are easy to wash and clean.
Aluminum glazing. This option is one of the cheapest, and the structure is lightweight and the load on the floors is minimal.
At the same time, the materials are strong, resistant to mechanical stress from the outside, and durable. They are easy to care for, and they are also not afraid of high temperatures and moisture. The installation can be completed in a short time, and it will be within the power of even those with no work experience.
Next, we suggest that you read the detailed instructions.
In a balcony room, three types of surfaces must be processed at once.
You should start with the floor, and then you can move on to the ceiling and walls. The procedure for each zone needs to be performed in a similar way, but there are some differences in the layers tab.
Y a warm floor consists of the following layers:
- Waterproofing - it is usually placed on a concrete floor, and for for glazing a loggia, a polyethylene film is perfect.
- Logs made of wood - I make them from a bar, the size of which is 10 * 6 cm. The elements are aligned along the plane, and wedges and beams are placed under them.
- Heat-insulating material - with a layer of insulation is laid in the space between the logs, and it is important that the layers adjoin each other tightly, there is not a single gap.
- Vapor barrier film - a sub-floor should be installed on it, which can even be used as ordinary plywood.
The final coating is laid on top of the last layer, but this should be done after all repair work has been completed. Otherwise, the floor can be scratched, stained or even damaged.
Warming of the wall surface begins with the installation of the lathing.
If the repair will be carried out in a panel house, then initially it is required to make a solid fence, and only after that you can proceed to repair work. The lathing should be made of a bar of 4 * 4 or 5 * 5 cm in size. First, you need to arrange the vertical elements and fix everything with dowels, and in the space between the lathing, insulation is laid, at the end we attach a vapor barrier film.
The final step will be the surface treatment of the floor:
After warming the balcony with your own hands, you can start finishing work.
At this stage, you can choose an original design based on the color of the furniture, the purpose of the room and the presence of decorative elements. It is at this stage that the atmosphere of comfort will be created, and therefore special attention should be paid to this moment. If necessary, you can seek help from professionals in order to make an original project.
The result of the repair work will be wall cladding, and when finishing, you should take care of both the protective functions and the aesthetic characteristics of the balcony. It must be insulated from adverse weather conditions and be comfortable even when you are regularly indoors.
When installing, it is recommended to use blocks that are no more than 2 cm thick. Attach them in such a way that there is a gap between it for finishing materials, for example, white sealant.
Final finishing is carried out with different types of materials:
The lining is wear-resistant, durable, resistant to moisture. At the same time, the cost of the material is high.
Panel manufacturers offer many shades. You can choose panels that are wood imitation or decorated with designs.
The peculiarity of the building material is that it perfectly absorbs moisture, and therefore contact with water should be avoided.
How to insulate unusual glazing?
Large windows without partitions and frames are an excellent option for those who want make a balcony with an unusual interior. Such glazing is much more expensive and is a sign of elitism. Insulation of a panoramic loggia has a number of nuances, and if they are not taken into account, then you will not have the opportunity to completely isolate the room and protect it from precipitation. The processing of such a balcony requires a lot of effort, since redevelopment may even be required for the work.
To do this, you will need to obtain permission to make changes to the supporting structures. Moreover, the help of professionals may be required - the work requires the use of special equipment.
First, it is worth insulating the floor, and this is done before the double-glazed windows are installed, because the thickness of the insulation and the rest of the thermal insulation layers will be chosen arbitrarily, without supporting the width of the windows. For walls and ceilings, the thickness of the panels is not critical, and therefore this can be done last.
When repairing and insulating a balcony with their own hands, several layers of materials are laid on the floor.
Everything is the same as with a regular balcony, but everything changes after you install the foil insulation. Here it is required to place heating elements, thermoregulation sensors and wires for electric current. They should cover 70% of the surface more, and the indent from the wall should be at least 5 cm. Next, the structure should be filled with cement mortar with a width of 4 to 6 cm, and a damper tape (10 * 10 cm) should be placed around the perimeter.
Many owners start insulation, but do not take into account the nuances of work.
To extend the service life, it is required to clearly outline the work plan and avoid typical repair errors.
- Glazing of the loggia on the brackets.
- Using only one layer of insulation.
- Lack of vapor insulation.
- Use of sealant without protection.
- Warming of warm zones.
- Execution of work without permission to work with supporting structures.
In conclusion, we suggest watching a short training video on the insulation of a balcony or loggia.
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