The main element of the national Russian bath is the stove. It is the stove that creates that very unique atmosphere in the bath. The stove saturates the air with special moisture, which creates a healing microclimate. A sauna stove with a closed stove is installed only in a Russian sauna. Such a stove is not suitable for saunas and hamam.
Why is the oven with closed masonry and its performance so appreciated. It is important to understand that in order to create a certain microclimate, you need to create the necessary temperature regime and degree of humidity, and steam quality.
For a Russian bath, there are certain requirements for the parameters described above. The temperature should not stop at 60 degrees, and the humidity should be 50 percent. Attention.
In a Russian bath, there should be not just humid air, but thin, weightless steam. This steam is achieved if the stones in the oven are very hot.
A reasonable question arises: how to ensure that the stones are red-hot, but the steam room does not heat up above the temperature norm? This is achieved using a closed-top stove.
The stones are located inside the stove, and the room is heated through the stoves that cover the firebox and with the help of hot smoke that passes through the cobblestones. In a stove with a closed heater, stones are heated up to 500 degrees.
What are the advantages of a sauna stove with a closed heater?
Such steam is moderately dry and light.
It is almost impossible to get burned by applying steam.
Of the shortcomings:
A good sauna stove with a closed heater must have a number of characteristics:
It is made of bricks.
But it is quite expensive and takes a long period of time.
In the modern world, cast iron stoves with closed masonry have begun to be used. There are enough manufacturers of such stoves and the buyer is presented with a large selection of options. The choice is based on the financial capabilities of the consumer and the size of the premises.
Below is the rating of manufacturers of stoves for baths with closed masonry:
The brand pleases pleasantly with affordable prices and good quality.
Undoubtedly, you can not buy a ready-made stove with a closed heater, but make it yourself. The first step is to determine the size of the oven based on the size of the steam room. Next, you need to fill the foundation, the level should be 50 cm below the ground.
The foundation is poured from concrete, which is covered with a waterproofing sheet and a layer of bricks on top.
After the foundation is ready, they begin to install the walls of the firebox, which should be at an angle: so that the burnt wood falls on the grate. The grate must be located under the central part of the boiler.
Cobble must be calculated to deliver the correct steam. Typically this is 30 to 50 boulders per cubic meter of steam room.
The best stone should be fist-sized, oval or round. This shape allows fire and smoke to penetrate freely between them.
Attention. Remember to equip your oven with a steam door.
Choosing the right stove for a sauna with a closed heater is not an easy task.
Manufacturers offer a huge assortment. The choice will depend on the needs of the buyer. The rating of the most popular manufacturers is presented above in our article. If you decide to make a stove with your own hands, then carefully read the instructions, look at the drawings and acquire all the necessary materials.
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