During any construction, a huge list of building materials is used: cladding (waterproofing, fastening, wall, facing, etc. .) Wood and wood materials created from it have a huge place on this list. The use of this material is limitless: covering roofs, rafters, flooring, wall, and so on.
The causes of damage will be listed below wooden structures:
) fungal infections
At the beginning of construction, preparations for projector work and calculations to protect the construction take place. For this, there is a document on how to use wood correctly and for what purposes, that is, reforming and modernization in construction, designated as SNiP II-25-80. It is also used in the construction of new and restoration of old buildings.
All buildings and structures are subject to some kind of stress ..
. Designers create a list of factors that contribute to the destruction of a building. A list of the minimum consumption of lumber is created: timber, boards, beams, etc. Wood of various species is also used, such as: coniferous (larch, pine, spruce, pseudo-wood) and deciduous (aspen, sycamore, erica tree). They all have different characteristics of resistance to decay - this must also be taken into account in the calculations.
At the time of non-standard, useful constructive solutions, the durability of wooden buildings increases, all thanks to the designers.
Waterproofing is also performed from moisture ingress into the lower layers of the foundation. During the roofing of the roof, the following materials are used: roofing material or a special cellophane coating. There are also additional materials that are pre-treated with antiseptic impregnations: bars, boards, planks, etc. These are all protection from weather and biological factors that are described above.
During rainy or snowy weather, water gets into the gaps and cracks in the cladding of the house. At low temperatures, the freezing of water leads to expansion and deterioration of materials.
For this, there is an effective protection of a wooden house from moisture:
Previously, glass wool was used in construction practice for protection against cold, and today the use of foreign-made mineral fibers is increasing.
The higher the quality of the wood that was used for cladding, the more beautiful the appearance will be, but in order to preserve this appearance, there must be a primary treatment with paint and varnish liquids.
Also from weather factors (sun, rain, snow, etc.
) apply siding .Siding can also be made from inexpensive types of wood, this is additional heat retention inside the house.
High-quality siding will serve you for a very long time and will not be whimsical to constant washing with any liquid. To wash it, you do not need anything other than ordinary water and a rag.
Any type of wood absorbs a different amount of liquid due to its structure.
The wet surface of the materials promotes the adhesion of molds and microorganisms. After absorbing water, the wood begins to serve as food for fungi and biological pests, as it becomes soft and deformed.
Most of all, the lower parts of the walls will undermine this. But not only the tree is in danger, they can also harm human health. It is quite difficult to prevent corrosion completely.
But there are some practical tips.
To begin with, we remove moisture from the tree with the help of waterproofing works. Example: drainage systems are attached in such a way that rain simply does not reach the walls. In winter, timely removal of snow from plinths.
Walls, floors, frames, etc.
are also treated with antiseptic impregnations that not only kill microorganisms, but also prevent their further development inside the tree. But do not forget not only these factors threaten the unsuitability of the material, since salt is another of the most dangerous factors!
Since wood is a natural material and contains living tissue, molds and microorganisms will simply feed on it. In order that you do not stumble upon infected wood, it must be purchased in specialized stores, but this does not guarantee 100% quality, so anyway inspect the wood for the absence of fungal and organic infections.
Also, the tree should not be in rooms with high humidity, and if this happens, then it is dried. Drying takes place in special chambers from 80C to 100C.
Additional wood treatment measures involve the use of insecticides. Treatment with this chemical can be done at any time during wood production.
( 1 grade, average 5 of 5 )
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |08, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020