Wooden dwellings are considered environmentally friendly and safe, as well as wooden structures have a special atmosphere. Wood retains heat very well and has a very pleasant aroma, is a strong durable material. It is also an aesthetically attractive material, the structure of which will look harmoniously against the background of the landscape.
But wood, like all materials, it has a number of disadvantages, namely:
As a result, cracks form on the logs or on the timber.
To avoid cracks, it is necessary to treat the wood with special compounds before building a house or any other structure. Logs and beams are treated with antiseptics after the lumber has been made, as well as when the frame is assembled and during the final work on finishing the building.
With further use, the house made of wood needs care. Processing with special means, wooden houses, is carried out in a period of three to six years.
It is also very important to insulate the wooden house well, as this protects the log or timber from severe cracking.
It is very important to purchase materials that dry well.
In the event that cracks or cracks appear in the wall of the house, then they must be immediately eliminated.
These defects reduce the thermal insulation properties of the building, that is, the walls or floor will be blown through and there will be a draft in the rooms. Cracks also spoil the appearance of a house or structure. Over time, cracks expand and can aggravate these problems, just as badly affect the condition of wood materials.
Longitudinal cracks and cracks are formed on a log or a bar, because the tree has a fibrous structure. Longitudinal gaps and cracks can be removed using simple methods.
Longitudinal cracks are of different types:
Sealing of cracks in the house occurs with polyurethane foam, tow, moss, putty or sealant.
But polyurethane foam and silicone sealant cannot be used for a wooden house, as these means violate the safety and environmental friendliness of wood.
Next, consider the best way to seal cracks and cracks in a house made of wood:
Caulk. It is a good insulation material.
Moss and tow . They are considered classic materials for insulating a house made of wood, as well as for filling cracks and cracks. These materials do not compromise the aesthetic appearance of the building.
To seal cracks and crevices with moss , it is first dried, and before using ( 30 minutes) soaked in water.Then the water is drained from the container with the moss, the moss is squeezed out and rolled up with a roller.
The rollers are placed in cracks and crevices, tamped with a hammer or mallet, and left to dry.
After three days, the dried excess material is cut off.
Instead of moss, use tow or jute fiber .
Tow is sometimes poured with cement mortar or gypsum, or left so.
The quality is checked with a nail, knife or awl, that one of the above is stuck between a bar or logs.
The tip of the product must not go straight through.
Slots or cracks are also removed using sealing , that is, first, the edges of the gap are pasted over with paint tape, then a tow of tow or jute fiber is tamped into the joints, cracks or cracks, and only then, a sealant is applied with a spatula. Seams, cracks and crevices are not completely filled with sealant to the edges, but applied so that it touches only two points of the tree.
Leave everything to harden for 6 hours, and then paint over this place with a suitable paint.
In the event that the sealant still gets on the surface of a log or bar during work, it should be removed with fine-grained sandpaper.
Since silicone sealant cannot be used for wooden structures, acrylic sealant is used. This sealant is colorless and odorless and therefore safe.
Acrylic sealant does not react to changes in temperature, dampness and very well holds the walls of the tree together.
In the same way, cracks and cracks are sealed with a special putty for wood , it is resistant to cold and dampness.
For small cracks use a water-based putty, and for deep cracks and crevices use a thick product.
Putty for cracks, cracks can be made independently, for this glue PVA is mixed with sawdust to states of a thick slurry and fill the cracks with a spatula. To close a wide gap, you need to take chips of the same length as the gap. The wooden element is sharpened with a wedge and driven into the crack, then everything is fixed with homemade putty or putty.
As you understand, there are a lot of ways to seal cracks and cracks on a bar or log.
But remember that before starting work it is necessary to clean the walls of timber and logs, as well as to clean the cracks from dust and debris. Crevices and cracks are best repaired at positive temperatures, in dry weather and on dry wood.
We hope this information was useful to you. We wish you good luck in your endeavors!
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