Every year, with the arrival of autumn and the first cool days, a significant part of our compatriots realize that it would be nice to decorate the loggia. There is nothing surprising in this, thermal insulation and finishing of the balcony allow maintaining a more comfortable climate throughout the apartment. In addition, if the loggia is insulated and finished according to all the rules, then the owners receive not just a closet for storing canned food and supplies, but a full-fledged living room.
Awareness of this fact pushes many to do the repair work with their own hands. How realistic is it to independently finish the loggia?
Preparing the loggia for finishing
First, we must decide what we really want.
If the main goal is only to repair the floor and walls of the loggia, there is a certain amount of work to be done. But if the plans include large-scale finishing with full insulation, the scope of work is significantly increased.
In any case, it is necessary to start with reliable protection of the space from bad weather - rain and wind. It's good if there is already some kind of glazing. If not, then this problem should be addressed first.
The following progress of work is pending:
- We take measurements, determining the number and dimensions of openings that are to be glazed;
- We go to the manufacturing company windows. We order products according to our sizes.
Wooden elements are more environmentally friendly than plastic ones, but the latter retain heat much better due to the addition of energy-saving chambers. Concerning the price: metal-plastic tends to decrease in price. Against this background, the costs of plastic or wood can be considered practically equivalent.
The structures made according to our dimensions are installed in the opening and securely fixed with anchor bolts. They can be replaced with special mounting plates, which will later be conveniently masked with cladding.
- Pay attention to the arrangement of the windows: it is important that they are perfectly aligned. If they are at least slightly skewed, horizontally or vertically, there is a risk that the sash will not open after a while;
- When the windows are installed, we place and fasten a relatively narrow window sill on the inside 49>. Outside, instead of this part, we mount a drainage made of galvanized steel;
- All existing gaps are filled with self-expanding foam, which, after complete hardening, is neatly cut off and covered with a protective paint;
We decorate the loggia with our own hands: waterproofing the base
Even the most sealed windows are not able to protect the balcony from moisture completely.
Its bottom plate (base) must also be subjected to high-quality waterproofing.What do you need to do to do this?
The following procedures are ahead:
- The floor covering on the balcony must be completely dismantled to the original concrete base ...
- It is good to clean the concrete base from debris, dust and dirt.
- All gaps, especially at the joints, are filled with a quality sealant. For this purpose, you can use ordinary cement mortar, or you can purchase a special polyurethane foam.
- We treat the entire floor and part of the walls (from bottom to top, about 15 cm) with a waterproofing agent. On the floor, in addition to the coating mastic, you can also lay a waterproof polyethylene film.
At this stage, the preparation can be considered complete.
It's time to move on to the interior decoration of the premises.
Finishing the loggia inside: technology
What materials will be the most preferable for these purposes?
Solutions may be different: exists many suitable, practical and affordable means. But among them there are also the most popular . They are the following:
- On a solid base, consisting of a log with insulation
, a floor is laid with a . The sub-floor is made of OSB boards or plywood; you can put ceramic tiles or linoleum on top.
Laminate in this capacity is not very suitable, since the windows wide open in warm weather increase the humidity. And the laminate, as you know, is afraid of it, and can swell from the increased indicators.
- Walls are convenient and practical to sheathe with MDF panels, plasterboard, wooden or plastic clapboard. Natural wood material is perhaps the best option. However, the cost of using it increases for obvious reasons.
- Ceiling is first carefully putty, then sheathed with plastic panels or simply covered with a suitable paint. The use of plastic sheathing is convenient because it is convenient to install modern lighting in it.
All of these methods are not a panacea, you can use others.
But if you have not had to deal with similar options for repair and construction work before, then it will be more practical to use already proven techniques.
Let's consider the upcoming operations in more detail.
Laying the floor with your own hands when finishing the loggia
All work of this kind usually begins with the floor:
Next, we will leave the floor work for a while (we will return to this a little later) and move on to the walls and ceiling. If you lay the floor finish immediately, then we risk spoiling it in the course of further work. Therefore, we will do it later. But we will describe the course of work here, in the topic of "sex".
Roll out a roll of linoleum on a flat surface and leave it for keeping. It should take at least two days before the material is finally smoothed out.
- When the material is leveled, we cut out the necessary pieces according to the size of the floor. They can be laid on a rough base or glued to plywood with special glue.
- If a tile is chosen for the final coating, then first we spread tile glue on the base, on which we evenly and neatly lay the tile.
- Leave the tiled coating to dry for a day. Every other day we grout the joints with a suitable waterproofing compound.
- Installation of skirting boards and thresholds is the final part of the flooring measures.
Decorating the loggia: the ceiling and walls with your own hands
The ceiling and walls most often need additional thermal insulation. The following measures will be optimal at this stage:
- All surfaces are thoroughly impregnated with a suitable antiseptic.
- Wooden battens are nailed to the ceiling and walls. They are located from surfaces at a distance slightly exceeding the thickness of the purchased insulation. Styrofoam plates 5-10 cm thick or 7.5 cm mineral wool are suitable as an excellent thermal insulation material. Thicker layers are mounted closer to the outer fences.
- It is convenient to fix the material with special "express assembly" dowels. A hole is made with a puncher, into which a plastic sleeve is screwed, and the whole structure is securely fixed with a special locking screw.
- Between the battens of the sheathing, we attach the insulating material to the walls. It is very convenient to use foam from cylinders as glue, with which all defects, cracks and flaws are later sealed.
- We put foil film or polyethylene on the insulation, which serve as vapor barrier materials in this case.
- Covers with wiring are mounted to the ceiling lathing, with the help of which lighting will be arranged. In places where future lamps are installed, the ends of the wires are securely fixed with clamps.
Sheathing of the walls of the loggia
- With the help of special brackets driven into the grooves, we fix the plastic panels using a construction stapler.
If panels from MDF are selected, then special clips are more suitable for their reliable fixation. With small nails or a stapler, they are attached to the sheathing tree.
- If clapboard is chosen as the final coating, then such clips can also be used for its installation. But too heavy and thick boards are best nailed or fastened with self-tapping screws.
- MDF and plastic panels do not need additional processing after installation. If natural lining is used, then it should be well stained and varnished.
Some are trying to find more economical options.
Plasterboard finishing of balconies is quite acceptable. But for obvious reasons (possible drops in moisture indicators), you should opt for moisture-resistant varieties.
The frame in the usual manner is sheathed with sheets of such material, then carefully putty. The final finishing is wallpapering or painting on the walls.
Do we need insulation and finishing of the loggia?
Finishing balconies with your own hands - a rather laborious event, although not representing anything complicated.
Is it worth spending time, effort and money on it? Definitely yes!
After all, after the high-quality implementation of all the planned work, we will receive a fundamentally new, in fact, living space. In addition, this is a kind of buffer zone that separates the space of the dwelling from the street. It is quite natural that the indoor temperature in cold weather will be several degrees higher.