Sawing and planing of wood + process features

Sawing and planing of wood + process features How to properly cut wood: advice from a professional so as not to overpay for services

If you came to the conclusion that you need to cut down the tree yourself, and then remove the wood from the territory, you will need to learn about the basic safety rules.

And the efficiency of work will depend on how correctly you follow the sequence of sawing. Naturally, the best way would be to contact specialists on such issues, because such work can be classified as complex, and even to some extent dangerous.

The help of professionals and their experience will help you avoid possible injury and damage in the area where wood sawing works.

Safety rules for sawing wood

When working on felling trees, you will need to do all the work with at least one partner, because it is highly undesirable to carry out such work alone.

A partner will help you make sure that all aspects and security measures are taken into account. In addition, it is forbidden to make fire and smoke when sawing. If a fire or some other source of open fire is lit on the territory, then you need to put it out before you start using a gasoline saw for work.

In addition, it is very important to protect your face from possible dust or even sawdust. It is imperative to calculate the trajectory of the fall of the trunk of the wood in such a way that animals, people, buildings or even electrical wires (cables) are not touched.

In strong winds, it is imperative to stop all work, because the air currents can change the landing site of the cut tree. Adherence to safety precautions is very important when working with wood. By the way, it will not be superfluous to first clear the area around the wood in the place of the future fall from any objects that can provoke a coup or even cause inconvenience and damage.

Note that if you start sawing a thick pillar of wood, you should firmly hold the saw with both hands so that you can feel the tension from contact with the wood.

When carrying out work, use the entire surface of the saw blade - this will reduce the kickback force, and also help to avoid accidental shutdowns of the device due to overload.

If you will be sawing thick branches or even posts, you will need to raise the tool slightly higher than shoulder level.

The following are quite important safety points when working with wood:

Next, we propose to consider the basic steps for sawing wood.

Instruction

The main stages of sawing wood

Since wood cutting services sometimes result in round sum, then you should try to do everything yourself, especially if there is a suitable tool. So, first, make a corner cut on one side of the tree, and for this you need to determine which side the tree leans most.

A corner cut will be two angled cuts that intersect approximately in the middle of the tree trunk, and if done correctly, you can even reach a "wedge" of wood. You need to make a horizontal cut on the other side of the trunk, which will reach the angle of the cut that was made earlier. The trunk, under its weight, will "slide" towards the first cut and immediately begin to fall.

Please note that if you made the calculations accurately and correctly, then the sawn tree will fall in the right direction from which the first cut was made.

Then you can proceed directly to the processing of the trunk - sawing off twigs and branches, sawing the trunk across into several parts.

Thin branches must be cut in one step, and those that are thicker in two steps. Do not allow the petrol dust chain to touch the ground, as this will quickly become unusable for cutting. The branches on which the trunk falls should be cut carefully so that the wood does not settle, and even more so the trunk does not begin to roll.

Always start sawing a tree post from the very top. First you need to make cuts, mark the length of the trunk fragments to be separated, and then the wood can be cut into several parts.

It will be better to cut off small branches immediately from the base of the tree to its top - the lower part of the trunk will lie more steadily, and this will make it possible to cut off branches and twigs without fear that the tree pole may move.

How to properly saw a tree trunk

In order to properly saw wood into several pieces and not spoil the tool, first you need to cut to the middle of the trunk and turn off the stove, leaving it inside the wood. Next, you need to drive a wedge into the resulting hole in order to widen the gap, and this is done so that the saw chain does not begin to deform due to the pressure of the two halves of the barrel. After the hole is widened, the tree can be finished to the end.

Please note that if the tire from a gasoline saw is stuck inside the wood, and especially when it comes to hard wood, you should immediately turn off the device, and then try to get the saw, and simultaneously act on both half of the trunk of wood.

To do this, you will also need the help of a partner, and this is one of the many reasons why you cannot work alone when cutting wood - in this case there are many points in which it is impossible to do without the help of a second person.

How to cut wood

After cutting a tree, you should divide it correctly so that you get as many ready-made materials from wood as possible - beams, boards and other things. The best option would be to cut a tree that is still fresh, which was felled only recently.

There are three factors that affect the quality of the finished wood product:

  1. The quality of the raw material (the absence or even the presence of irregularities on the trunk, and also different knots).
  2. Barrel thickness and shape.

  3. The right way to cut wood.

At home, for sawing a trunk, you can use the basic set of tools, or rather a hand or electric saw and a jigsaw with a powerful motor. Sawing wood with an electric jigsaw requires preliminary marking, and in order to get neat and even products,

certain rules must be followed:

  • Sharpen the saw, and its teeth should bend in different directions so that the chain from the saw does not get stuck in the wood.
  • Before starting work, mark it out with a pencil, pen or marker, and make sure that the marking lines do not intersect areas with defects.

Next, we propose to consider what methods of sawing material are.

What are the methods of sawing wood

If you use a method such as laser cutting, then sawing trees will be performed accurately, saving raw materials and time - this technology will make it possible to accurately cut wood with a minimum amount of waste and residues. It is possible with a laser to cut wood with different thicknesses, and in order to avoid fires, it is imperative to cool the cutting area, because during laser sawing, the cut will be heat treated. Machines for creating wood materials are used in industrial business.

Such devices are very large, but they have ways to work for a long time without interruptions. Among all types of machines, multi-saw and circular saw models can be distinguished.

The latter perform transverse and longitudinal sawing using circular saws, while the former, on the contrary, can saw and cut wood using several saws, and both in turn and simultaneously.

A line for sawing wood is a complex of one or more machines. Such a device is very expensive and is only purchased when

when large volumes of wood are to be processed regularly.

  • Double-sawing - splits and cuts logs of any species using a circular or even chain saw.
  • Line that processes round timber - it is equipped with two sawing modules and a pneumatic system that removes sawdust.

  • Log sorting line - required to optimize sawmill operations.
  • Optimization line - it automates the supply of trunks for processing, and makes it possible to replace manual labor.

Next, consider a couple of useful aspects of work

Processing frozen wood

Frozen trees, whatever they are neither of the rocks, it is very difficult to saw than dry, and therefore this type of sawing is a separate category. Due to the fact that trees are often sawn in the cold season, the selection of the optimal method for processing raw materials will be a very urgent problem. This will require tools with a solid construction - the frozen wood will become stronger because the moisture inside is frozen.

Sawing soft wood

Sawing and planing of wood + process features If we talk about sawing soft wood varieties, then things are somewhat different. Most of the methods that are used for sawing hardwood will work for soft varieties too. But there are other differences as well. Naturally, safety considerations should take priority over the desire to make as many products as possible in a limited time frame.

Position the log in such a way that, during sawing, small defects appear inside the lumber, naturally, if everything is not so serious as to affect the final strength of the finished product.

If possible, cut in such a way that all defects and knots are located on one side of the lumber, and at the same time the other side is clean.

True, in this case, with building materials, a clean surface will not affect the final cost of the product, but large knots or even defects can greatly affect the structural strength. Pick the worst side of the log and start sawing from there, making short lengths of lumber. The first lumber will be the worst, so it must be short to sell.

After the log has been cut from a bad edge and to the full length of the log, it is worth going to the opposite edge, and also continue sawing parallel to the bark.

With a good edge, the width of the board you will be sawing should be at least 0.15 m. Smaller logs are less than 0.3 meters in diameter, with the first board being 0.1 meter wide.

Large logs will have much fewer defects inside, which means that you will not need to transfer them to large structures for construction.

It is also worth always flipping the log to the other side if the lumber from the new side is of better quality than from the one that was cut before. Logs from waste are made like this - they cut the "ears" in one movement of the saw, and then turn the log onto the "belly" and there is a chance that it will be possible to make at least a few small boards.

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