The addition of a veranda on screw piles to a private house will significantly increase the size of the living space. For this option, screw piles are perfect, but driven piles are too expensive, and additional equipment will be required for them, which during the installation process can only destroy the piles. The surest way out is to make screw piles yourself.
When the addition of a veranda to a residential building begins, you just need to take into account some of the nuances:
This will help minimize damage to existing structures and damage to trees and bushes. In addition, there is undoubtedly an important advantage of shortening the construction time of the foundation and simplified installation.
You can add a veranda to a house with a foundation with your own hands.
Screw piles are a smooth steel rod with a pointed tip on one side. The supports are screwed in with the help of two people, so you can significantly save on equipment.
Another undoubted advantage of screw piles is that when arranging for the base of the veranda, installation is carried out without prejudice to other objects. A veranda on screw piles can be erected on separate piles without connecting them to the foundation of a private house. In these situations, consider a deformation seam that will save the structure during settlement and thermal expansion.
The screw supports can support the weight of a small terrace, and you can easily handle them yourself during repairs. Another significant advantage is that piles can be screwed in on any terrain, with any relief, without additional, preliminary work.
Of the minuses, it can be noted that it is prone to rust due to soil moisture with which the screw supports will constantly interact.
Attention !!! Before screwing in, it is necessary to treat the screw supports with an anti-corrosion agent.
Preparatory work is reduced only to removing the blind area in the place where there will be a place where the terrace will adjoin the house.
Next, with the help of small stakes and a tape measure, markings are laid out, driving stakes into the corners of the future veranda.Following this, a construction rope is pulled along this peg, it is also allowed to use wooden or metal pegs for corners. We prepare the pits in the place where the piles are screwed in, this can be done by hand, or with the help of a small drill.
After calculating the screw piles and processing, you should place them in the pits by hand. It is necessary to control their slope using a building level.
The supports are screwed in with the help of a special tool put on the upper part, you can do this yourself. After screwing in all screw piles, their ends are cut so that they are all the same height. Concrete is poured into the interior of the structure. The space in the pipes from above is closed with a special metal head. It is worth waiting for a while until the concrete in the piles hardens.
Because of this, work on adding a veranda to a private house should be stopped for some time.
The grillage belt is made from beams. They can be made of wood or concrete. The monolith grillage has a high cost, for the construction of which a complex formwork is required. This type of grillage is completely uneconomical to equip for a small veranda.
In such a situation, it is recommended to take a milled block and lay it on the heads of the screw supports. In this case, the lower part of the veranda will serve as a grillage. If the veranda will have very small dimensions, then it is enough to put a crown bar over the entire area of the building.
The construction of the walls of the future veranda is carried out above the timber. A plinth cladding is made from below to prevent damage to the structure from frost.
It is quite simple to build a veranda to a private house, you just need to follow the correct sequence of actions.
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