Lighting of the dwelling is carried out using a variety of lighting devices. These are all kinds of chandeliers, floor lamps, table lamps, sconces, spot lamps and much more.
A competent combination of light can zone a room, emphasize the spectacular design, create a special mood.
All devices in the house are conditionally combined into a common system that creates comfortable conditions for the inhabitants of the house. This home lighting system must be efficient and completely safe.
The rules for the construction of individual housing are simplified by Russian legislation.
To carry out all types of work, it is not at all necessary to involve contractors and specialists: all construction activities can be performed independently.
Despite the fact that reliable and efficient lighting of your home is not an easy task, this does not mean that it cannot be done on your own. Moreover, in this way it will be possible to save a significant amount, comparable to the cost of modern consumables.
The main types of electrical work in buildings are performed after the completion of the main construction activities, but before the start of finishing.
All work related to lighting must be carried out in accordance with the approved project. If the work is carried out with your own hands, then a wiring diagram for the lighting of the house must first be drawn up. Probably, it is impossible to require compliance with important ESKD rules from a non-specialist, nevertheless, the performer must understand this document.
To develop a competent lighting scheme , a technical task is required. It is drawn up by a specialized design organization , then agreed and approved by the customer.
The lighting scheme should contain all main provisions , including:
Specialists have long developed a number of ready-made solutions that can be successfully adapted to a given condition. But for the most part they are standard, and therefore not very interesting.
The original author's project can be developed in accordance with the wishes and recommendations of the homeowner. An individual solution is able to highlight and emphasize individual design elements that it is desirable to emphasize.
Most often the lighting of a private house is carried out according to a special zonal principle.
For each room there is a main lighting device - ceiling (for example, chandeliers), as well as various lamps, sconces and floor lamps.
Various types of spotlights are especially popular today. They can be mounted in a special way, which allows you to direct each light flux to some detail or interior object.
Any homeowner wants his brainchild to look beautiful and well-groomed.
Sparing no time and effort, he equips facades, lays paths, breaks lawns and flower beds. The whole day the surrounding beauty pleases the eyes of households and guests, but with darkness it becomes invisible.
Street lighting is a reliable way to combat twilight. In addition, it is not only aesthetic in nature, which is of great importance for home decoration. This is a reliable way to secure at a later time both the area near the house and the area adjacent to it.
What types of street lighting for private areas can be distinguished?
In other words, all objects located on the territory can be illuminated. Moreover, for each object, a certain type of lighting is preferable, with its own characteristics.
The main object of outdoor lighting is most often is, of course, the house itself . You can supply light to it in different ways.
For example, some people prefer solid façade illumination : each side of the building is brightly lit. But it can be accentuated on some sections or architectural elements. These include niches, stucco moldings, coats of arms, statues, columns, etc.
Often, colored lights or special filters are used to effectively highlight them.
The latter are not needed if multi-colored LED lamps are used for street lighting.
hidden and contour types of illumination of dwellings look great.
LED tube or cord elegantly outline the building along the contour, making its appearance unusual and airy. With the same cords, you can emphasize or highlight some protruding parts or details of the structure.
Thanks to them, columns, balustrades, turrets, bay windows, arches and balconies will look completely new.
Hidden backlighting, unlike contour lighting, does not illuminate the entire facade, and only highlights some protruding elements.
An example is the illumination of a balcony base or eaves. Technically, this is provided by a hidden LED tube located under these elements.
House lighting is not only illumination of residential buildings or their elements.
It is also supposed to supply light to a variety of objects located on the estate.
What feature is typical for such street lighting? Typically, the overall light delivery system is subdivided into small child subsystems.
For example, the first of these illuminates the entrance gates, main paths, terrace and property perimeter.
The second is mounted to illuminate various comfort zones: gazebos, barbecue areas, tennis table. For landscape lighting, it is desirable to provide a third, separate system.
The first two systems involve the creation of a fairly bright, evenly flooded backlight. For this purpose, it is most convenient to use lanterns, which are also great for illuminating entrance paths. They come in a variety of models and can be simple or original designs.
It is not very desirable to use ordinary floodlights to illuminate the local area: they look very simple and uncomplicated. And most of the owners want not only to illuminate the area, but to do it beautifully and effectively.
The original track illumination makes the site very beautiful.
With the help of contour street lighting, you can accentuate the features of the local relief and its intricate configuration. For this, the lamps are located on the sides of the alleys or along the paths and paths.
Flower beds with low power lamps installed in their central part look great. To effectively highlight the branches of trees or their crowns, spotlights are used, which are mounted directly on the ground.
Various portable garden lights are also suitable, which are also characterized by low power. With the help of garlands, they create very original and unusual compositions.
Elements of inanimate nature and various architectural structures can be illuminated with an asymmetric floodlight located on the ground. A small body of water or a pool needs the usual flood lighting.
The water surface looks wonderful and original, illuminated from the inside of the water column by special sealed devices.
It should be noted that the choice of the basic tone of the illumination of the infield is especially important. The illuminated object visually recedes when choosing a cold color scheme. Soft warm light has the opposite effect. Don't forget about these features.
In fact the entire lighting the system includes three groups of necessary equipment :
The control equipment includes:
Cable group unites a variety of wires and cables, as well as associated protective equipment (polyethylene or asbestos-cement clamps and pipes).
The best in practice are armored cables , some of which have aluminum conductors. Such a product has reliable armor and insulation made of polyvinyl chloride plastic. The role of armor is to protect against all kinds of mechanical damage and impact, the purpose of insulation is to prevent the effects of various aggressive environments that may be in the ground.
Lamps and other lighting fixtures are presented in a large assortment. They can be placed on poles and gazebos, on walls and fences, located on paths and steps.
Their main qualitative difference is reliable sealing, which protects against moisture penetration. For different households, different lighting devices are selected, depending on the preferences and capabilities of the owners: they differ in type, color, functionality, purpose and power.
Selecting and combining the right lighting fixtures is not an easy task.
To facilitate it, a special program has been developed, the use of which will help to correctly calculate the number and power of the required lamps. In addition, it will take into account the types of devices used and their power, the area of the territory and the features of the designer's idea.
This process always begins with careful design, selection of suitable devices, determination of the operating power of the system.
When the design activities are completed, the necessary equipment is purchased, you can start wiring.
Special channels are dug under it, which are located below the depth of soil freezing.
Sand is poured at the bottom, a cable is laid, and again sand. Each of the subsystems noted above must be connected through a separate, own cable. That is, several cables can be located in one ditch. The cable is led out into the places of placement and mounting of poles, lanterns and lamps, and the ditch itself is covered with soil.
In the places where the fixtures are installed, pits are made, which are poured with concrete after the cable loop is pulled out.
Poles and fixtures for luminaires are installed in holes made in the cement mass.
Next, install all the required automation, after which you can connect the system to work.
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