Siding has become widespread, firstly, this is due to the aesthetics of the appearance of buildings, and secondly, with a good protective function from environmental influences. The material combines minimal cost and resistance to deformation - it is an ideal solution for exterior decoration of buildings of all sizes, from small outbuildings, country houses, cottages, to huge industrial and commercial facilities.
Siding is a whole technique of finishing building facades. This material is a panel structure resembling a lining and surpasses other finishing materials in a number of qualities:
This is just a part of the advantages of using siding.
Since it does not fit snugly against the walls of the building, it becomes possible to ventilate the facade and let the condensate out. Ease of assembly, low weight and ease of transportation allow you to install siding on your own all year round.
Advantages of siding panels
Durability and high reliability of the finishing material make it possible not to worry about various expensive and lengthy repairs. Any insulation can be laid between the wall and the siding, which will reduce the amount of resources spent on heating the house. Siding panels can be mounted on buildings made of any building material, with their help any old or even dilapidated building can be easily renovated.
Siding. Pros and cons
Now they produce panels for finishing the facades of buildings from a variety of components. The most widespread are the following types:
What are the differences between the main types of siding? Let's consider each of the most common types separately.
For the manufacture of metal siding, a variety of metals are used, the main of which are steel, aluminum and zinc.
Aluminum has sufficient strength and durability, but it is very rarely used for finishing the facades of residential buildings. Its main area of application is various industrial and commercial buildings. Metallic, in turn, is considered to be a rather "noisy" and poorly heat-retaining material.Without the use of insulation, it does not endow the walls with additional thermal insulation properties.
Zinc is considered a relatively expensive material, so this type of siding is not widely used in Russia.
Vinyl siding is most widespread in the Russian Federation. It is inexpensive and durable. Wide distribution has provided him with a wide range of colors. It differs from other types in its relatively low weight and ease of installation.
The new face of the house - vinyl siding
Wooden siding looks pretty good on walls, but is demanding.
He constantly needs careful care, periodic treatment with various protective compounds, is one of the most expensive types.
The main components of fiber cement panels are cement and fiberglass. This type of siding perfectly reproduces both brickwork and natural stone masonry. Such panels are quite massive, and, therefore, require massive reinforcement, and in the case of cutting, a specific device for cutting.
Fiber cement facade siding: advantages
Ceramics can also be used as siding - these are fiber cement products that have been hardened in an oven and with different color coatings.
Ceramic panels are ideal for covering the basement of a building. They have good resistance to physical impact, such as impacts, are characterized by a greater thickness compared to other types of siding.
Things to consider when working with ceramic siding
Fiber cement siding
In order not to periodically purchase additional panels during facade work, it is necessary to calculate the required amount of materials in a timely manner. Since the sizes of the panels are different for different types of siding, the first step is to decide what type of panels will be used when performing work and find out its overall dimensions. You also need to know all the dimensions of the walls and the foot of the building on which the exterior work will be carried out.
Consider the parameters of panels of different types of siding.
Vinyl siding is the most common. Hence such a variety of panels. All this is due to the low cost and material properties. This material is produced in the form of a block house, a double-curved board, a double and triple herringbone.
Due to their prevalence, manufacturers offer a wide range of colors for such siding, a large number of fasteners. For convenience, manufacturers try to adhere to general parameters in the production of panels, which helps to reduce the time during installation work and to eliminate problems when joining panels.
Vinyl siding. Elements
Vinyl siding. Dimensions of elements
The most common panel parameters:
6 - 1.4 mm;
Vinyl panel installation
Plinth panels are one of the modifications of ordinary vinyl, they are the same in composition, but the distinguishing feature here is the size. Outside, such panels resemble areas of the surface of natural stone or brick masonry. A wall covered with such siding is great.
Basement siding: dimensions
Dimensions of basement siding and accessories
Scheme of covering the foundation of the house with basement siding
The dimensions of the panel, depending on the type of base material, may vary, but usually these are the following parameters :
As a rule, it differs in its variety.
Usually these are steel panels with a galvanized sheet, they can also be, as mentioned earlier, made of aluminum and zinc. They differ among themselves in characteristics and places of application.
Aluminum siding is usually called metal cassettes, as it looks like a cake made of many layers. Initially, there is a "core" of aluminum, then a layer of primer and plastic vestments. These cassettes are quite expensive, therefore they are practically not used for the exterior decoration of cottage-type houses.
Their main application is in administrative and office buildings.
Photo of a metal block house under a tree
Panels are produced in the following dimensions:
Metal siding, size
Siding "Ship board "
The advantage of using aluminum panels is that the material has increased reliability, it is lightweight, resistant to rust and does not burn in fire.However, during transportation it is quite easy to bend it and the constrictions are not fully straightened, this is a negative phenomenon and affects the "wallet". The transportation of such material must be careful, and the installation must also be accurate.
Scheme of fastening metal siding
This material most common among metal siding. It stands one step higher compared to others, as it has increased strength and is resistant to the influence of the external environment. The steel panels are zinc and polymer coated. This protects against rusting and harmful environmental influences.
The most common panel parameters are:
45 - 0.62 mm;
Not everyone probably knows that vertical siding is nothing more than corrugated board.
Of the advantages, it is worth noting the possibility of working with steel material both in summer and in winter, it is characterized by such properties as survivability and non-combustibility. Negative features are a weak paintwork, and, accordingly, increased rusting in places of damage to the paintwork, minimal sound and heat insulation.
Installation instructions for metal siding
They are not have become widespread in our country due to their high cost. Interesting cladding isn't worth the overpriced price tag. Low demand led to the appearance of zinc panels in only 2 colors - gray and black.
The fittings for such siding correspond to the vinyl fittings, but the panels for the walls are of a completely different configuration. After sheathing, the wall takes on a ribbed appearance, which creates charm, interest and distinctive style. The panels have the following parameters:
3 m ;
Facade made of titanium-zinc
Facade systems made of titanium-zinc
In another way it is called cement siding, it is made of high quality cement-fiber material. It is produced by pressing fibers, and the result is charming slabs.
In this case, the standard size of slabs is used with the following dimensions:
The following main advantages of using fiber cement sheathing should be noted - it does not burn; has increased indestructibility, necessary to withstand wind gusts and physical influences. This material is excellent weather resistant. The temperature range is from -50 to +80 degrees Celsius, this range is quite consistent with all climatic zones in which the Russian Federation is located.
There are also a number of disadvantages, among which is the complexity of its installation:
equipment requiring skills for its operation;
Cutting of fiber cement siding panels
Fiber cement siding. Calculation of loads
Installation of fiber cement siding
Siding is suitable for any building, it is very diverse. The market for cladding materials is replete with numerous options in various shades. In order to avoid unnecessary waste of money and time and for a high-quality installation, it is initially required to calculate the required number of panels, for which it is necessary to know the dimensions of the panels intended for installation.
Here you need to be most careful, since siding is made from a variety of materials, of various shapes and has different parameters.
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