The modern construction market offers the buyer a huge selection of materials for the construction of houses, as well as their facing.
Approximately 70% of the total mass of purchased materials is allocated to facing blocks, including red and yellow facing bricks. It is enough to look at the places of mass or private buildings to be convinced of which material is most popular. You will see that the yellow brick is in favor.
To understand the reason for this demand, it is worth understanding the features of the production of the material, its technical characteristics, as well as the pricing policy of the product.
Bricks of different colors displace red, white and gray bricks that have become boring for many.
The service life, while maintaining decorative qualities, reaches 20 years or more.
Note. Taking into account the fact that facing a house with a brick exerts an additional load on the foundation of the house (the weight of a yellow facing brick is 2.2 - 3.
5 kg), even at the design stage of the structure, this nuance must be taken into account when calculating the bearing capacity.
For the production of ordinary red bricks, brown-red clay mined in quarries is used. The facing brick production technology is somewhat more complicated. In nature, there is no such clay that, when fired, acquired a yellow color. There are clay shales with an admixture of manganese salts and iron oxide.
It is in the process of processing this material that a porous brick of dirty yellow color with veins and dots of lilac color is obtained as a result. Given these points, yellow brick lends itself to artificial coloring.
In construction, for decorative facing of facades of houses, the construction of interior partitions, several types of yellow bricks are used:
These manipulations give the finished product a mirror-like shine.
For the production of high-quality facing material, it is necessary to carry out a careful selection of fine white clay, which is then weighed, measuring the required amount. Next, the mass is kneaded and pressed.
The cost of making a yellow facing brick is distinguished by a high price, regardless of what thickness the material is made - ordinary or one and a half.
Yellow bricks can be purchased in several variations:
Each of these materials has distinctive characteristics, different fields of application, although at first glance they seem to be the same.
Today, this material occupies a leading position in use in construction. The technological process involves the use of iron oxide as a dye.
Thus, it is possible to achieve a uniform and dense color that does not lend itself to the influence of ultraviolet radiation, therefore does not fade. In addition, stains do not form on the material, it does not deteriorate under the influence of subzero temperatures and an increased level of moisture.
Clinker facing bricks have one insignificant drawback - it is a somewhat muted shade of the outer layer.
And they, in turn, can be the color of honey, ocher, lemon, orange. This nuance must be taken into account when laying bricks next to bright facades.
If we talk about the advantages of clinker bricks, it should be noted:
Note. If you want to keep your home looking as fresh for years to come as it was when it was built, opt for clinker facing bricks.
In addition to being used as a decorative decoration of the walls of a house, clinker bricks are also used for the construction of a porch, fence, various sites and other buildings.
The performance characteristics of this type of brick resemble those of a natural material - sandstone. Clinker tiles are used to create an imitation of natural textures - torn stone, rock, chipped massif, shell rock, sandstone.
Manufacturing process yellow ceramic brick is similar to the process of firing ordinary red, but everything has some differences. If someone thinks that it is enough to mix a dye into the clay mass and get a bright brick at the exit, then we hasten to disappoint.
The content of an increased amount of water and salts cannot give such a result. The color of the brick will turn out to be dirty brown, and is not suitable for cladding the walls of buildings.
Exposure of yellow clay by dry extrusion and pressing - at the stage of experimental research.
Such material is called clay or dried. The yellow bricks contain a product of processing organic matter, peat and plants under the scorching rays of the Central Asian sun - loess.
After completing the vacuum drying process, a wonderful creamy color is obtained, and the material, in turn, acquires unique characteristics. A unique microclimate is created in houses built of dried clay bricks, temperature and humidity are maintained at the proper level.
When firing colored clay, the most common gray-yellow ceramic brick is obtained.
The convenience of using the autoclave in brick production has been appreciated by people for a long time. This method is best suited for making yellow silicate bricks. The processing temperature preserves the color of the dyes. If you need to find a brick of exactly yellow color, without admixtures of other shades, pay attention to a silicate block.
It is noteworthy that the choice of shades is wide enough - about twenty.
Frost resistance and the level of thermal insulation of ceramic bricks is 2 times higher than that of silicate bricks. The ability of yellow silicate facing bricks to absorb moisture is 2 - 3 times greater, so it is more likely to break down at the basement level.
The frequency of using sand-lime bricks for building houses is quite high. This is due to the fact that the price of the material is affordable, and no additional wall cladding is required.
Ceramic bricks are expensive; they are often used to decorate buildings made of aerated concrete.
Wall decoration should be started only after all the moisture has been removed and the surface is leveled. The bottom row begins to be laid on the basement plank with a small gap for ventilation. It is also necessary to leave between two or three bricks so that the accumulated condensate has an exit path.
For masonry, cement and sand solutions of a thick consistency are used.
In order to simplify your work, it is best to purchase a ready-made composition that can be diluted in the indicated proportions.It is necessary to adhere to the thickness of the seam at the level of 10 -14 mm, in order for the solution to be evenly distributed, a trowel is used.
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