Sizes of LED spotlights

Spotlights for stretch ceilings - sizes

Sizes of LED spotlights Large chandeliers are gradually giving way to small lamps. The dignity of point software in long-term trouble-free operation, as well as efficiency. But spotlights for a stretch ceiling must meet some requirements. The choice of unsuitable devices can negatively affect the condition of the web or increase the fire hazard of the room. Let's talk about the sizes of spotlights.

Advantages and disadvantages of spot lighting of stretch ceilings

Spot-type lighting is practical, and better than a simple chandelier. It makes it possible to concentrate light on a separate area of ​​the room or achieve uniformity of illumination. In addition, point software has the following advantages:

  • More secure due to low power.
  • Work longer without replacement.
  • Virtually no shadow.

  • Do not clutter up space.
  • Save electrical energy.

Quite often the price of a whole set of point devices is lower than the cost of one huge chandelier, and they illuminate the room much better. photos of spot-type luminaires for stretch fabrics give a display about the variety of device designs. Swivel type softs are more practical, but crystal shades create a special comfort.

The disadvantages include:

  • Power limitation.
  • Installation complexity.
  • The need to develop a software placement scheme before installing the ceiling.

The main danger for the stretch fabric is the high temperature of the lamps during operation (even if the power of the device is extremely low). Designs with external lamp placement help to reduce possible problems.

In constructions with the location of the lamp outside, they are lower than the ceiling plane and have a plafond finish. When placed internally, the lamp is recessed into the body. The initial option will be preferable for the following factors:

  • The lamp is open at the bottom and sides, it will cool down faster.
  • The metal cover will additionally protect the ceiling from overheating.
  • Large angle of light diffusion ensures ideal illumination.

  • The space between the canvas (stretch) and the ceiling plate can be made very narrow, because the main part is located outside.
  • Power at maximum will be 70 W.

Luminaires with internal placement of lamps protrude slightly from the ceiling surface. They have many limitations:

  • It is unacceptable for the body to come into contact with the tensioning type blade.
  • Only stamped body.

  • The maximum power handling capacity is 35W.

For luminaires of this type, it is worth installing thermal rings for ideal protection of the canvas. To place the body, the tensioning web will need to be lowered 2 cm below.Flat-type luminaires, in which the lamps are placed near the curtain, must have reliable insulation rings.

Details

Types of spotlights

By design, the variety of spotlights for a stretch ceiling can be divided into:

Models of built-in luminaires can be:

  • Spots or swivel ones (focusing of the light beam at a selected point is possible).
  • Fixed (light will fall vertically downward).

One of the disadvantages of built-in type devices is an increase in the space between the ceiling.

the minimum allowable size is 7 cm, and for some models up to 16 cm is needed. Incandescent lamps are not recommended for overhead and built-in structures.

They are suitable only for suspended ceilings, but only if 0.3 meters separates the lamp from the stretch fabric. And at the same time, the maximum allowed lamp power cannot go beyond 60 W for a cloth made of fabric and 40 W for a vinyl covering.

Another limitation is that the light must go straight down to avoid the appearance of yellow spots, as well as ceiling deformation. Sizing your LED spotlights is very important.

Halogen and fluorescent lamps are ideal for spotlights, but they have certain limitations. For a PVC ceiling, the power of halogen bulbs is limited to 35 W, but this does not affect the quality of lighting, and they also give a bright stream of light even at low power.

Fluorescent lamps heat up less than others, economical, do not require a large space between the ceiling overlap and the stretch fabric (3 cm is enough).

The disadvantages of fluorescent lamps are the high price and a slow set of light brightness. LED lamps work for a long time, practically do not heat up, but they need a constant current source with a voltage of 12 or 24 V, that is, they need a transformer installation. For such devices, an adapter is needed, but it cannot be placed close to the stretch ceiling due to the strong heating during operation.

How to choose spotlights?

What should you pay attention to:

  • Mounting method.
  • Lamp size and type.

  • Material and style.

Stretch fabric is made of fabric, fiberglass or vinyl film. All materials cannot withstand extreme heat. The maximum allowable value is + 60 ..

. + 80 degrees. Lamps that are very hot can cause tissue deformation, yellow staining or chemical odors. The main requirement for spot-type lamps will be a low degree of power, so that the stretch ceilings do not overheat. A thermal ring or housing is also required.

It is best to mount point devices with an opaque work surface. If there are elements of a transparent type in the body, then the light will enter the inter-ceiling space, accentuate irregularities, installation devices and wiring.

Please note that for stretch ceilings, experts advise choosing LED or diode point-type lamps.

Calculation of the number of spotlights for a stretch ceiling

Both a weak light, and very bright, will have a negative effect on mood and health. A dark room will cause discomfort and fatigue.

In very bright light, there is a danger of overexcitation of the nervous system, as well as increased irritability. The light cone from the software, which is directed straight downward, can cover an area from 1.5 to 2 square meters. By means of such standards, the number of devices can be calculated. If spotlights are the only light source, then 16 devices are needed to place 25 squares.

Light perception will depend on the correct calculation.

Dimensions of spotlights for the ceiling

A huge role in determining the required size is assigned to the cartridge design:

  • Sizes of LED spotlights E27 is based on simple lamp sizes.
  • E14 is a little smaller, called "minion".
  • G4, G5 and G9 are small diameter rod-shaped lamps.

Sizes of spotlights for the ceiling, or rather, the diameter of the plafond part is standardized - 60, 65, 70, 75, 80 and 85 mm.

Fasteners and slots in the panel must necessarily correspond to these values. Suspended models are attached to the rod to the ceiling slab. The main selection criterion for suspended structures is the rod length. It should be enough for the ceiling or horn to be lower than the level of the stretch fabric.

Please note that the dimensions of the luminaires must be coordinated with the dimensions of the room.

Very small lamps will get lost in a large room and will not be able to illuminate it perfectly. Large spotlights with a low stretch ceiling reduce the height of the room.

Features of fastening

Installation is always carried out according to the same principle - lamps are attached to ceiling plates, and holes for them are cut or even burned into the panel. it is not worth fixing spotlights on the stretch canvas itself. This will lead to sagging and tissue deformation.

Halogen lamps can be rated for 12 V or 220 V. The latter are the most economical, but their installation will require a power transformer that exceeds the total value of all lamps.

Design options

The familiar flat-type lamps with metal overlays are great for the office. To create coziness, various options from colored glass, multi-colored plastic and crystal are more suitable. The main stretch fabric perfectly reflects light, and polyhedrons, pendant lamps with crystal decoration can be used for it.

On a matte ceiling, it is worth installing flat options in which the light will fall steeply down.

A square-shaped spotlight is perfect for decorating a stretch ceiling.Design options make it possible to fit a strict form into a variety of design styles. Matte metal is appropriate for a loft or industrial style, a glossy finish is suitable for an urban classic style, and ceramic onlays fit into Provence. Shades with additional illumination create additional light accents.

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