Slab foundation for a house made of foam blocks, features of development and laying + Photo and Video

Slab foundation for a house made of foam blocks, features of development and laying + Photo and Video Slab foundation for a house made of foam blocks, what you need to know ?! Laying the foundation of your house is the main step in building a house, including laying a slab foundation for a foam block house. The production of such work mainly takes half of the money from the entire building. When building a foundation, you need to know what kind of soil is on the construction site, its bearing part.

I would like to talk about the types of soil and types of foundations, analyzing their advantages and disadvantages.

General information

Soil types

  • Rocky type.

    This type of soil is an array made of stone, which serves as a solid and reliable foundation for your house, is waterproof.

  • Sand type. This type of soil is very water-repellent, due to this it has poor heaving. It is divided into several subtypes: sand with gravelly grains, fine, medium, large.
  • Clay.

    Also absorbs moisture well. Divided into loam, clay, sandy loam.

  • Chernozem. It is a valuable fertilizer in agriculture. Building on this soil layer is not permitted.

    Before starting construction, it must be removed.

Heaving is the freezing of the soil in the soil.

The depth of freezing of the soil largely depends on the type of soil cover itself. The more the earth is saturated with water, the stronger the heaving. Such a phenomenon can contribute to pushing the soil to the surface, with serious consequences.

Next, we determine the bearing capacity of the soil, and the level of groundwater, by this we find out the area of ​​the foundation for construction. There were many cases when people did not take into account such factors during the construction, because of this they had to stop construction and start over. To identify such factors, there are companies oriented in this work. Professional geologists take a soil sample and, based on research studies, give a detailed report and recommendations.

Types of foundations

  • Slab foundation for a house made of foam blocks, features of development and laying + Photo and Video Strip foundation;
  • Column foundation;
  • Monolithic strip foundation;
  • Pile foundation;
  • Shallow foundation;
  • Slab foundation;
  • Floating foundation;
  • Screw foundation;

Strip foundation is most often characteristic in individual construction.

Such properties as massiveness, high labor costs, huge material costs are predisposed for it. It is a reinforcing strip that runs along the perimeter of the entire building.

Column foundation The principle of the construction of such a foundation is very simple. Pillars of a certain height are driven in at all corners with the greatest load. This type of foundation is effective in that it is low-budget and in terms of reliability is no different from others.

Monolithic strip foundation is mainly used in the construction of small wooden houses. The advantage of such a foundation is that when the ground is displaced, there is less likelihood of destruction of the house, thereby ensuring safety.

Creating a foundation

For installation you will need:

  • crushed stone;
  • sand ;
  • cement ;
  • iron reinforcement;
  • wooden formwork;

Features of foundations

The pile foundation is a favorable "guarantor" when building a house in unstable soils, this structure is suitable for the construction of houses with a large scale.

Piles with pointed ends driven into the ground are an integral part. They are designed to fit snugly into the harder soil layers.

Shallow foundation . The main feature of this base is its low cost, as well as a monolithic one, it is more suitable for the construction of houses of small dimensions.

Slab foundation is the base of the floor of the 1st floor. It is also intended for the construction of small houses. (Great if you are going to lay a slab foundation for a house from foam blocks 10 to 10) But if you decide to do it, then this will be a big blow to your wallet due to investments in the development of earthworks.

Thanks to its dense construction, it is not afraid of criteria such as groundwater and frozen soil under your base.

Slab floating foundation. One of the simplest and most reliable foundations.

It is also one of the budget options. It is usually used with small groundwater and less reliable ground cover (bearing ground).

Screw foundation The distinctive quality of this coating is that it can be used when building a house with an unfavorable landscape. Such foundations are in great demand in the construction of low-rise buildings. The downside is that when installing metal piles, the metal in the ground corrodes, thereby reducing the reliability factor several times.

Summary

Remember that the foundation of your house is an integral and important part of its design, and you should take it seriously, without regret for this, no time, no money. Subject to the correct measurements and installation, the foundation of your house will serve as an excellent guarantor for the long-term operation of any possible natural disasters.

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