Garage on the slope: photos, projects, how to build? The construction of private houses and garages on a slope has long passed the construction stage on flat areas in the city and suburbs. Now it has become popular to erect houses and adjacent buildings in places where everything is surrounded by forest, beautiful nature, there is not easy ground for construction work, and there are even no high-grade expensive ones.
Naturally, in addition to the main building, premises for storing a car will certainly be built, and more often than not, it is required first of all to build a garage, and only then a house. What to do if you need to build a garage on a slope?
Most of the problems are related to how to tie it up without high costs and at the same time correctly, efficiently foundation to the terrain, if the latter is inclined. The correctness and choice of a technical solution for the arrangement as a whole will depend on how the garage will be connected with the house:
Please note, that whichever option you choose, you still have to solve one big and main problem - creating a solid and stable foundation, and even if you build a one-story structure , will require tight ground retention measures.
Most often, for the option with a basement and an extension, they use the classics - this is a pile or strip foundation. The base in this case plays the role of a support or anchor, which helps the room for the car to be held on the side of a mountain or hill.
The basis in the form of a foundation on a slope, made on a slope, turns out to be somewhat more complex in design and more expensive in terms of finance, therefore, experts advise using the classic version of the foundation under the foundation, which will be insensitive to the difference in the level of the earth's surface:
Please note, that the arrangement of good waterproofing of the rear and side walls in the garage plays a huge role.
Usually, for the construction of the rear support and side parts that support the earth overhanging from the slope, special masonry is used from foundation blocks, which has a thickness of 0.
3 to 0.4 meters. As the watering of the ground occurs, when snow melts or heavy rain, the waterproofing on the back wall of the garage will not withstand and the garage can simply pour through the joints between the blocks and numerous seams.
In this case, a house with a garage on a slope can be saved only by the creation of an additional drainage system, or by dividing the garage wall at the back using a false bulkhead, which will help to move the slope cut by 0.4-0.
5 meters from the back wall. Thanks to this, the water will not flood the garage, but will go to the storm drain of the blind area at the rear of the building.
For example, let's consider arranging a foundation on a slope angle with a value from 14 to 18 degrees, where the solution to the problem there will be an arrangement of the box and foundation, which will be cut into the hillside, like a photo of a garage on a hillside.
The foundation is made in the form of a monolithic slab, which is equipped on a sand cushion, and the slab is cast according to the usual scheme using double reinforcement with rods and laying contour and bottom drainage. Part of the side and back walls are made in the form of a concrete casting with a steel reinforcement cage.
This part of the building is intended to be completely immersed in the slope, as it was made according to the cast scheme, that is, without seams. The remaining side walls and facade are simply laid out; for this, concrete blocks can be used.
Outside, make and lay a three-layer reinforced waterproofing, as well as a layer of insulation, and then the space between the ground and the walls should be covered with pressed clay. This will give you a fairly strong and water-resistant construction.
If you take a good look at various architectural solutions, then most of them can be built on any slope, since the most important - this is a correctly implemented binding to a residential building.
The most popular option is to equip the garage space in the form of a basement, which is located along the slope and its directrix.The convenience and practicality of such a solution does not give any reason to doubt, but it is worth building a garage in the basement only if the building is massive and near a gentle hill.
If the angle of inclination changes on the surface, then you will have to use a structure with a strong deepening of the garage and basement into the ground, and perhaps even with a small gap in the first floor on the supports - pile columns. The garage box on a covered slope will make it possible to "tear" it away from the main residential building and move it away from the facade, thereby freeing up space to create a flat area for an open terrace or garden in front of the house. If you wish, you can make a garage in such a way that it will be, as it were, hidden in an artificially created tunnel, which will be directly to the house.
If the elephant has a large enough angle of inclination, then the simplest option would be to refuse the basement to create a pile foundation, and in this case, the ideal arrangement would be to place a garage on the first floor of the house.
If you need to "pull out" the garage box, the ideal way would be to create a slab foundation on reinforced concrete piles. Piles with any thickness of the fertile and clay layer of the earth will reach the base, and this will ensure the stability of the position of the structure in any weather and with any wind load on the building.
For steep slopes, houses are mostly built in the form of a terrace area, which is installed on short piles. When using new materials and solutions, you can take an original approach to this issue of arranging a garage on a hillside.
The designers suggest forgetting about the standard way of hiding a car in the basement or an extension, and making a garage on the second floor of the house, as well as making a drive in the form of a curved serpentine, and this has a number of advantages:
In this case, the garage space is made in the form of an extension, which is located on the second floor or even at the level of the building's roof. Under such conditions, the easiest way is to reinforce the piles and load-bearing elements on the upper floor, and make a garage room out of the attic.
Warming up in the sun will keep the extension warm and dry even in winter, and all you need to do is install a solid roof instead of drainage and foundation slabs.
So, after laying the base, the floor should be waterproofed with one or two layers of roofing material, cement mortar with a thickness of 2 cm or roofing tar. The foundation must be leveled. To do this, use a spirit level to attach the horizontal slats on both sides of the base.Between them you need to pour the solution and level the surface well.
When everything is dry, let's start laying the walls. Here you should check the level of the masonry according to the level.
The work is carried out in the following order:
The rest of the work, such as roofing and cladding, is carried out as for a conventional garage.
If there is a steep slope on the site, this does not mean that the construction of a car storage room will not work. On the contrary, with the skillful use of the advantages of the basement floor, you can build a two-story room, and at the same time, according to the legislation, it will be considered one-story, which has an enlarged basement part.
Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |05, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020