stages of construction, nuances, expert advice + Video

stages of construction, nuances, expert advice + Video A house made of boards: stages of construction, nuances, expert advice. Construction from materials of natural origin has become even more popular at the moment. Eco-type houses are usually built from wood, they are also sometimes called frame houses, since the structure is made in the form of a reliable and durable frame from a pre-processed wooden board. As a result, you have a warm and durable building that can be finished with any facade material. It can be sheathed with the same planks, thereby making the structure an attractive and unusual appearance.

You can build a house from planks yourself, since the technology of work is not so complicated, but you still need attention.

At the moment, you can find many amazing drawings and house designs, and most competent specialists can offer ready-made solutions or individual design.

The frame house is recognized as a reliable and warm structure

Moreover, the facade can be sheathed with any available finishing materials. Building similar houses does not take much time, as a rule, even two people can cope with the task in 1 month. It is important that the materials are properly prepared and that the boards are dry and free from any defects or cracks.

The best boards for the construction of a frame house are pine ones.

For construction work you will need:

  1. Planks of good wood species. Ideally, pine is suitable for building a house, since it has all the necessary qualities, and it is also easy to process.
  2. Woodworking tools - saws, electric jigsaw, corner of wood, screwdriver, hammer, metal ruler, carpenter's pencil, tape measure.
  3. Elements for fasteners, namely self-tapping screws, galvanized nails, special spike plates, metal corners.

  4. To make a foundation, you will need concrete mortar, gravel, sand, formwork boards, a level, a building level.
  5. For insulation work, ideally, you should use mineral wool, wind protection, polymer membranes as waterproofing.
  6. Wood roofing should be selected in advance. You can buy metal shingles, or you can opt for shingles. In the role of lathing, you can use a plywood board.

  7. OSB is ideal for wall cladding, which can be attached to the frame with self-tapping screws.

Making a foundation for a wooden house

For a house to be strong, a solid foundation should be made. This will require a foundation, which will be a reinforced concrete tape running along the entire perimeter of the building and under the main walls.

Making a foundation for a house from boards is performed as follows:

  • stages of construction, nuances, expert advice + Video First, on the site, you should make a markup around the perimeter of the future building, and then remove the top layer of soil.
  • Next, a trench should be dug to the required depth according to calculations.

    As a rule, for a house on a frame basis, a depth of up to 0.9 meters and a width of up to 0.4 meters is enough.

  • A layer of gravel and sand should be poured on the bottom, and then everything should be well tamped.
  • Formwork can be made from ordinary edged boards, which will be firmly knocked together.

    In no case should there be any gaps, otherwise, when pouring, the solution will begin to flow through them. After the formwork is made, two armored belts should be made, which will be tied with a knitting wire.

  • Pouring can only be carried out once, the process cannot be extended over several days. After that, the concrete should be pierced with a metal rod or processed with a vibrating press so that all air bubbles are removed from the mass.
  • After pouring, leave the foundation for 4 weeks to dry completely.

Frame structure

So how to build a house from planks? Houses from wood on a frame basis should be built only from dry boards, in which there are no flaws. Construction begins with the fact that you need to start installing the frame. In this case, the board should be dry, without defects, and the section should be 1.5 * 1.5 cm - these parameters are optimal.

Today, such boards can be ordered not only from suppliers, but even together with a house project. In this case, you will also receive a detailed scheme for assembling the structure - you just have to clearly follow it. This will simplify the task and speed up the work, as well as make the future structure more reliable and of better quality.

Please note, that, first of all, you need to build frames for the outer walls and partitions from the inside, which will require the use of anchors, tenon groove and self-tapping screws.

We also recommend that you additionally fasten all joints with metal corners and studded plates.

It is important to ensure that the structure is not loose, but remains reliable and durable. The vertical posts should be attached to a pitch of 0.6 meters and use braces that will strengthen the structure. You should also immediately provide for the presence of door and window openings, which will be framed around the entire perimeter with boards, and also strengthen, but better than all other points.

Floor arrangement

stages of construction, nuances, expert advice + Video Construction process continues , and after all, work should be done on the arrangement of the floor.

To begin with, a beam of 1.5 * 1.5 cm should be laid around the perimeter. Before this, a layer of bitumen and roofing material should be applied to the foundation base in two layers to obtain good waterproofing. The boards themselves must be treated with special antiseptics and fire retardants.

The floor should be fastened with anchors, and they should be installed in increments of 200 cm. The corners must be set exactly, for this, be sure to use the building level. The maximum permissible misalignment is 1 cm.After everything is ready, you can start laying the subfloor from the boards, which should be installed close to each other. On such a rough-type floor, logs in the form of timber beams can be laid, and insulation must be laid between them.

In this case, it is recommended to use bulk materials; ecological wool, expanded clay and sawdust are suitable for this. The last stage is the manufacture of flooring from wooden finishing boards, on which any type of flooring can be laid. You can even use plywood waterproof boards instead of boards.

Installing windows and arranging walls

So, the turn has come to finishing the house with a board, but do not forget that you still need to install windows and doors. The construction of the walls consists in assembling the frames on a flat surface, and then lifting and attaching them to the required place.

It is important that they are collected on a level surface, otherwise they may be skewed. During construction, you should rely strictly on the project and observe all dimensions. First of all, install rectangular frames, and then you can start installing beams in steps of 0.3-0.6 meters.

The dimensions should be chosen so that all loads will be correctly distributed. In a step of 0.6 meters, you can easily lay mineral wool as a heater.

After the construction of the frame is completed, the frames can be fastened one at a time using metal plates, anchors and self-tapping screws. Such fasteners will be strong and reliable.

When the construction is completed, you can start sewing the walls. Before that, we recommend that you carry out all communications in advance, and they can be easily hidden in the cavity of the walls. Holes can be cut in the frame board to insert electrical cables, heating and water pipes, and the sewer system. This will make it possible to perform hidden installation work, but in this case you need to use only reinforced-plastic pipes, which are ideal for installation.

After that, the outer side of the walls of the house is sewn up, and insulation work is also carried out.

For internal surfaces and for external, the use of OSB is permissible. At the end of the process, use drywall, which is an excellent base for interior decoration. An equally important stage is the installation of windows. According to the standards, the area of ​​windows for each wall should not be less than 18%. If you wish, you can always make them even more, for example, panoramic glazing.

Everything will depend only on what kind of home you want. If you want to build a seasonal country house, then ordinary frames are suitable, and for permanent residence it is better to choose high quality double-glazed windows that can perfectly protect from frost and any bad weather.

Glazing should be carried out after the openings for the windows are ready. A relatively cheap option would be to install metal-plastic frames, but you can also choose wooden ones, although their cost will be higher.During installation, all gaps should be well sealed with pieces of mineral wool or tow to ensure a high level of protection.

Roof

Finally, the construction of the house ends with the manufacture of the roof. For wooden houses, metal tiles are ideal, which are easy to install and have a beautiful appearance. Also, soft bitumen shingles are suitable, which are also not too difficult to use and have an original and unusual appearance. Roof construction should begin with design. Here everything will depend on what shapes and sizes the structure has.

Most often, gable roofs are chosen for self-production, which are relatively easy to implement on their own and are suitable for any type of building. For gable roofs, the attic space can always be converted and made an attic.

There are the following elements in the roof of the house made of boards:

  • Mauerlat.
  • Rafter system.
  • Roof covering.

  • Lathing and counter-lathing, heat-insulating and heat-insulating layer.
  • Cross beams.
  • Installation of a vapor barrier layer and OSB indoors.

First, the rafter system is installed, and then work begins on fastening the crossbars, laying the heat-insulating and waterproofing layer. The roofing material is laid last, and the laying technology will largely depend on what type of coverage you choose for the job.

Building a house from planks is not the most difficult process if you strictly follow the technology. This structure is a frame-type structure, and first of all, walls and partitions are built, after which they carry out the arrangement of the floor, sheathe the inner walls and make the roof. In the role of the foundation, you should use a lightweight tape, which is perfect for any type of frame house.

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