How to make an epoxy floor on the balcony with your own hands. In the past few years, self-leveling floors have been used to level the floor surface on loggias and balconies. Due to their excellent characteristics, reliability, strength and long service life, they have become extremely popular. The self-leveling surface can even play the role of a rough coating, on which in the future it will be possible to lay laminate, parquet boards and ceramic tiles.
In addition, the epoxy floor in the balcony is able to function as a floor covering.
The self-leveling floor covering will be indispensable when used on an open balcony.
The self-leveling mixture includes such components :
- Mineral filler - k As a rule, it is crushed expanded clay for lightweight mixtures, or granite chips, quartz chips, quartz sand in standard compositions.
- Polymer additives, which are responsible for making the finished solution elastic and flowable. He will also be responsible for creating a protective film on the coating surface.
- Binder, to As a rule, it is cement or gypsum.
Please note , the mixture should be diluted in a container according to the instructions until a fluid solution is formed. Next, the finished solution should be applied to the prepared base and smoothed a little. The polymerization process begins within 60 minutes. The final solution will dry out in 1.5-2 weeks.
The scope of application of the self-leveling floor is incredibly large, they can be divided into groups:
Now let's look at why self-leveling flooring is so popular on the balcony.
Factors that influence the choice of an epoxy floor for a balcony space
The choice of a self-leveling floor mixture to fill a balcony room will depend on from several extremely important factors, and they must be taken into account.
If the terrace, balcony or veranda will be located in the open air, you will need to buy and use a frost-resistant hydrophobic compound during the work. Such a mixture will not be afraid of temperature changes, high levels of humidity and the appearance of a fungal colony.But also do not forget that in closed-type balconies, as well as in loggias, heating or a floor heating system is not provided, so you do not need to rely on compositions for interior work. The problem is that in winter there is a possibility of cracking and raising of the self-leveling floor.
In this case, it is better to give preference to the universal composition.
In the event that the balcony has a large extension or beams for additional support, or you carry out repair work in old premises, you should reduce the load on the supporting structures of the balcony. Most manufacturers produce self-leveling lightweight formulations. Such building mixtures for floors as Vetonit L and Osnovit Innoline T-43 in have a cement base in their composition, and producers used expanded clay crumbs as a filler. The mixture is easy to use, detailed instructions for use are painted on the bags, and all the preparatory work, as well as directly pouring the floor, can be done by hand.
But please note that there are certain restrictions on the use of such formulations:
If there is no restriction on the load on the supporting structures for the balcony, then it is allowed to use ordinary compositions for performing work indoors.
Everything is extremely simple, since some loggias or balconies are converted into recreation areas or offices, which means that the static and dynamic load increases significantly.
Please note, that for this reason, cement compositions, or cement-gypsum, should be selected.
If you equip a balcony for a pantry or a miniature warehouse in the same way, then it is better to opt for more durable compositions.
Required tools and materials
To make an epoxy floor with your own hands, you will first need to prepare the following tools and devices:
You can make them yourself, and for this you need to take a piece of plywood, and then pierce it with nails around the entire perimeter, from 10 to 15 pieces. Next, use tape to glue the plywood to the main shoe. In the resulting paint shoes, it will be possible to move freely through the poured mixture, and at the same time all punctures will be quickly tightened.
Now let's see how to fill.
How to make an epoxy floor with your own hands? First, you will need to prepare the base on the balcony, and for this you will need to remove all the furniture, if any, and also dismantle the old coating.
Please note, that the self-leveling floor is poured in layers from 0.5 to 1.4 cm, but there are certain requirements for the subfloor, namely, that there is a perfectly flat surface for filling.
Elimination of defects
If the rough coating has small defects that can be repaired with your own hand using cement mortar or putty, then this will greatly help eliminate all defects. Wait until the putty is completely dry, and then treat the base with a deep penetration primer. It is desirable that it be in two layers. Then you can start pouring the finishing layer of the bulk mixture.
In the event that there are many cracks on the base or they are large, there are chips and many other defects, then you will need to make a thin additional screed.
The main thing is that you remember that the screed should not turn out to be heavy, as this will only add additional load to the supporting structures. You can level the surface with a cement screed or a self-leveling sub-floor. Wait until the rough layer is completely dry, and then prime everything two times.
Installing the damper
A damper tape should be glued around the perimeter of the entire room, which differs from other similar materials in that it has a self-adhesive base, and the height must be 102 cm more than the thickness of the cast layer. The use of tape will help to avoid the appearance of blisters and cracks in the bulk coating, as well as damage to the wall surface.
Installing the formwork
If the balcony is open, then a slope should be made from the walls on the rough base. If the balcony for some reason (or due to structural features) does not have walls and borders, then it will be necessary to make timber formwork along the entire perimeter to the height of the poured layer.
The next step in creating an epoxy floor on the balcony is marking ...
The intended upper boundary of the pouring of the self-leveling floor must be applied to the walls. The level is best measured using a laser level, and the lines are applied with a coated thread. If the loggia or balcony is large, then divide the area into sections - it will be easier to do both the marking and filling.
Preparation of the composition
When everything is ready, you can begin to dilute the composition and proceed to the most important thing - pouring. Since the rooms allocated for the balcony are not very large, then you can do all the work with your own hands.
A dry type self-leveling floor should be diluted with water according to the instructions, mix thoroughly with a drill, which has a nozzle, and check that there are no lumps.
Please note, that it is worth pouring the floor from the farthest corner, and at the same time move as soon as possible, since the solution will quickly set.
Working with mortar
The ready-made mortar should be poured onto the floor surface and smoothed with an ordinary wooden mop. In order to remove air, the entire surface must be rolled with a roller. You only need to walk on a fresh self-leveling floor in paint shoes, but if the balcony area is small, then you can do without them.
In the event that the area of the room is large, divide it with bars (jumpers), and after pouring each section, it will be possible to remove the bars, and fill the seam with ordinary plastic sealant. In this case, the coating will be able to perfectly withstand temperature changes.
The choice of polymer composition is incredibly huge, since mixtures can be made on the basis of methyl methacrylate, polyurethane or epoxy resin. The coating can be tinted, filled, transparent (by the way, you can use coin shells and so on as a filler).
After everything has hardened, you will get a perfectly smooth, monolithic coating that will not have seams.
The composition will dry quickly, will have a durable coating that is resistant to static and dynamic loads, as well as to alkaline and acidic substances.
Picture settings 3 D
You have a great opportunity to make your floor unique and decorate the balcony. To do this, you will need to buy a ready-made 3D drawing on fabric that will correspond to the size of the floor on the balcony room. Next, the drawing must be glued to the rough floor, and then the entire surface must be poured using a self-leveling epoxy transparent floor, the mixture must be made on the basis of polyurethane. Depending on the thickness required, you can fill in 2 layers.
If you are using an epoxy tinted compound, then after the floor has hardened, you need to apply a layer of varnish (polymer) using a conventional trowel. The varnish also needs to be rolled with a needle roller. Self-leveling epoxy floors have about 20 colors and the same number of shades in their palette.
Installing the "warm floor" system
Do not forget that the self-leveling floor is a cold coating, so it is better to take care of it right away and make a "warm floor" system. The base is also prepared, if there are large defects on the floor, you can skip the screed, since it will be made, but a little later.
Next, a thermal insulator should be laid, and this is required so that heat does not go out into the street. Next, you should install a system of cables or pipes, this will largely depend on which heating system you choose. Elements for heating should be poured with a cement-sand mortar. After the work is completed, the surface should dry within 4 weeks, the surface should be primed 2 times, and then the epoxy self-leveling floor can be poured.
As you learned, self-leveling floor is a modern and practical material, which every year more and more gains the trust of specialists, and also the common people.
This is primarily due to the fact that the finished material has high performance, as well as ease of installation. Not every floor covering is able to withstand sudden temperature changes, high levels of humidity and high static and dynamic loads. But the self-leveling floor has no flaws, and the only drawback that it has is that the surface is a little slippery, but this problem can be easily solved with a decorative carpet.
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