Today, almost every resident of a metropolis dreams of his own, albeit a small, but cozy house outside the city. But not everyone is ready to give a lot of money for this, so you can dwell on the option of building a frame house with your own hands, which is becoming more and more popular due to its obvious advantages. [contents ]
Some disadvantages can be prevented already at the stage of building a house: so the resonance of the walls will reduce sound insulation from heavy basalt coatings, and low fire safety can be increased due to special impregnations and a competent design for the location of electrical wiring and heating devices ...
the installation of a frame house should be taken into account for what purposes this house is being built, and in what area this house will be operated.
If this is a country house located in the central part of Russia, most likely additional insulation will not be needed, but if the house will be used as permanent housing, it is worth taking care of insulation.
Features of the construction of frame houses depend on the type of house being built.
There are two main types of frame houses : frame-panel and frame-frame construction.It is worth noting that the first type of construction is possible only with the involvement of specialized equipment, since the construction of such a house can be compared with the construction of a house from concrete panels. In this article, we consider the construction of a frame house with our own hands, so we will turn to the second type - frame-frame construction.
As for all other houses for construction frame house requires a foundation. We will not consider this issue in detail, we will highlight only some of the nuances. There is no need to install a reinforced concrete foundation for a house with a service life of no more than 100 years, and when planning a basement, it is worth considering the proximity of groundwater. It is advisable to conduct geological tests of the soil, but if this is not possible, feel free to choose any inexpensive and simple type of foundation, for example, a strip foundation.
The next stage is the construction of the frame.
The construction of the frame itself can be carried out in various ways - for example, you can assemble the walls on the ground one after the other, then by installing them vertically, you can put the frame, then the roof and then do the insulation of the entire structure, you can insulate and sheathe the house before installing the roof.
When erecting the walls of a frame house, you must choose the highest quality material: it is better to give preference to glued beams or beams of technical drying, since they do not dry out and do not deform, unlike natural boards or beams of natural moisture. When choosing wood, it is better to choose pine, any hard species, for example, oak or ash, are also suitable.
The lower strapping can be made both from a bar, and from boards 50x150 in two layers.
The main attention when erecting the frame should be paid to the corners, from the quality of the fastening of the wall nodes, on which the reliability of the entire future building depends.
When joining the corner elements, use reinforced galvanized corners that do not lend themselves to rust, or a wooden dowel.
The frame is the most important stage construction of a frame house. When assembling the frame itself, it is better to use metal fasteners or self-tapping screws, but not nails.
The distance between the posts depends on the width of the insulation and the finishing plates, otherwise you will have to install additional posts at their joints. The racks themselves are erected from a bar of 150x150 or 150x200, which is optimal for the subsequent laying of insulation.
In the course of work, it is recommended to install temporary jibs that will prevent the bevel of the structures in one direction or another.
We strengthen the vertical posts with horizontal jumpers, which should be attached with corners, and not nails, as is often advised, in order to avoid cracks and distortions. When all the racks are ready, we mount the top one according to the principle of the lower strapping.Further, for the stability of the structure, we strengthen the frame with permanent diagonal ties, we mount the enclosing structures of window and door openings.
Openings are recommended to be made higher and wider than the planned windows and doors by about 40-50 mm for the use of polyurethane foam during the subsequent installation of structures.
Your main tools at this stage will be the level and plumb line.
Next, the floor beams are installed, which are attached to the lower strapping, you can make a rough floor from an edged board.
The roof is recommended to be installed before you start cladding the walls of the house. The choice of material for the roof depends on the design of the roof itself and on the slope of the slopes. You can use any material - from ordinary asbestos-cement slate and ondulin to tiles and profile iron.
As a rule, a gable roof is installed with a gentle slope. After lathing the roof with boards, be sure to cover it with waterproofing material, which will protect the house from dampness.
The stage of erecting the walls of a frame house ends with cladding and wall insulation. Sheathing with external panels is carried out from the corner of the house, the panels are attached to each other, to the uprights and to the upper strapping.
The most popular is dense mineral wool slab insulation, which perfectly holds its shape, is resistant to any kind of impact .
.. When choosing expanded polystyrene, do not forget about the joints between the plates and the frame, they must be treated with polyurethane foam. The insulation must be closed with vapor barrier and waterproofing on both sides. The inner lining can be made of gypsum fiber sheets or moisture resistant plasterboard.
We choose the material of the inner lining, as well as the degree of insulation, depending on the purpose of your frame house.
Exterior finish is also quite important, because wooden frame elements are most susceptible to external factors. The modern range of materials for external wall cladding is very diverse: curtain walls, brick trim, siding, PVC panels and facade tiles. After choosing the material for cladding, the main thing is to carry out the cladding of the house itself with high quality: cladding should be made without cracks and gaps, fixing the cladding to the wall should be reliable.
Thus, the main work on the installation of the frame house has been completed, you can start the internal work.
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