step by step instructions and the best ways + Video

step by step instructions and the best ways + Video Many people are constantly trying to bring a piece of nature into their home environment. But, for many, this becomes a problem due to the lack of living space, the presence of pets, the appearance of allergies.

A way out can be found in the design of the florarium, which has become a fashionable phenomenon in recent years. Creative people with their own hands create an original decoration for the home - a mini-garden in a bottle or in a can.

There are already models equipped with an automatic system on the market, but they are expensive.

You can save a lot if you make a florarium with your own hands. Such an object will be no worse than the finished analogue.

General information about the florarium. The concept of florarium

step by step instructions and the best ways + Video In fact, the florarium is an aquarium, but without fish and water. Since the days of geographical discoveries, people have tried to plant winter gardens in their latitudes, growing flowers from hot countries.

The progenitor of such gardens was the scientist from England Nathaniel Ward, who in the 18th century placed plants from the tropics in a box, which allowed them to grow in favorable conditions.

Since that time, plants from different countries of the world have been deliberately brought into the cold climate and grown in specially created greenhouses. Not everyone could make such beauty at home, so the idea of ​​a mini-garden appeared, which can be implemented even in a small apartment. Usually, dwarf plants with the correct microclimate and ecosystem are grown in florariums, especially if the capacity is a bottle, where a greenhouse effect with high humidity is created. The creation of a florarium involves a creative approach.

What are florariums

There are many models and options for growing plants.

For registration, you can use containers:

  • step by step instructions and the best ways + Video Aquariums - with lid and lighting, maintenance is much easier. The most suitable option.
  • Glass vases , glasses, jars - you can use any volume and configuration. Sold in online stores.

  • Flasks from laboratories and bottles - a more interesting option for decorating compositions due to the difficult access and care through the narrow neck.
  • Open type , which greatly simplifies access to plants and soil, access to sufficient fresh air, an ideal place for succulents. But not suitable for thermophilic plants, especially those that grow rapidly.
  • Closed type - the advantages are that watering is practically not needed, air does not come in and the plants grow slowly, they do not need pruning or transplanting, ideal for tropical species. Among the minuses - the accumulation of enemies, gas, excess soda, regular ventilation is required.

It doesn't matter what volume of the container is, the beauty of the florarium does not depend on it. The originality of the mini garden is achieved through the design and selection of plants. Even in a simple aquarium and in ordinary glassware, real masterpieces can be created.Small containers with three plants inside look most effective.

Location of florariums

It can be different - wall, table, window sill, ceiling, etc.

Most often people put mini-gardens on a flat surface such as a window sill or table. Rarely are they suspended from the ceiling, although if space is not enough, this is a great option.

The selected container is filled according to the selected theme.

Moreover, you can create different climatic zones and landscapes:

  • - tropics - a frequently used option;
  • - desert - ideal for beginners and does not need special care;
  • - mountains or forest - the right approach allows any fantasy to come true.

What plants to use

To create a harmonious composition, you need to carefully choose plants, focusing on the recommendations of specialists:

  1. step by step instructions and the best ways + Video Slow growing species are good choices, which can make maintenance easier.

    But, it is important to maintain a sufficient amount of soil, since a deficiency will lead to slower plant growth. Root pruning may be necessary, usually the plants themselves slow down in growth, since the root system has nowhere to develop.

  2. When choosing plants, it is necessary to take into account the similar conditions of detention, the habitability between them.
  3. Succulents are grown to create a desert - euphorbia, aloe, fat woman, cacti. This is the easiest way to create a florarium.

  4. To reproduce a dense forest, you need to add moss and ferns. Sphagnum moss looks spectacular, from ferns - maidenhair, mnogoryadnik, pteris.
  5. Flowers such as alocasia, violets, dieffenbachia and orchids are best planted in the tropics. However, one must not forget about moderation and one or two flowering plants are considered sufficient. Recently, bottled orchids and tradescantia have gained popularity.

    An important condition is good ventilation to preserve flowers.

  6. The combination of various types of ivy and succulent plants will create the appearance of a mountain landscape.

What plants to buy?

If the idea is to combine incompatible conditions for plant growth, then you can use a sly advice. Individual specimens are placed in pots, which are masked by stones and other decorative elements. This will help create a holistic multi-component composition and take care of each element separately.

DIY florarium

What you need

The amount and composition of materials may vary depending on the chosen theme of the garden. Basically for work you need:

  • step by step instructions and the best ways + Video an aquarium or other glass container;
  • soil ;
  • drainage - expanded clay, sandstone, pebbles. You need to stock up in large quantities, since there is nowhere to go for water in a closed container. Thanks to the use of drainage, plant roots will not sour.It is better not to be lazy and find fine expanded clay;
  • activated carbon so that it absorbs odors and preserves the freshness of the soil;
  • colored sand;
  • planting kits, especially if you have containers wide throat;
  • tweezers, hooks, small spoons, blades, etc.

    , everything that can be useful when decorating a florarium in miniature vessels. To tamp the earth, you can use a knitting needle and a wine stopper or an eraser;

  • decorative elements to create the final picture - shells, animal figurines, pearls, stones, mini benches, stairs, etc.;
  • spray gun or syringe for watering, can be replaced with a medical pear.

An attractive appearance can be created by combining - 1 part of drainage, 3 parts of soil and 1 part of decorative material.

For beginners

Set required

step by step instructions and the best ways + Video The simplest florarium for a beginner can be arranged from a tall jar.

In the process of work you will need:

  • - a three-liter can, as much as possible;
  • - charcoal;
  • - leafy ground plus peat 2: 1, respectively;
  • - scoop, watering can;
  • - moss, plants - cryptantus, balsam, asplenium.

Step-by-step instruction

  1. Charcoal 5 cm is poured at the bottom of the container. The rest is mixed with the soil.
  2. The mixture is poured into the jar in stages, after 5 cm the soil is compacted so that there is no air.
  3. When the pot is half full of soil, plants can be planted.

    It is important that a distance of 4 cm is maintained between the bushes of the composition, so that they do not interfere with each other.

  4. Then comes the turn of registration with moss.
  5. Plants are watered in such a way that water does not get on the leaves in order to avoid rotting, mold and mildew.

The lighting should be diffused so that plants do not grow too actively in direct sunlight. If the florarium is an open type, then the composition is watered once a week, in a closed container, watering is carried out much less often.

Too grown and overgrown leaves are shortened.

How to make a desert out of a vase for sweets

The florarium looks original in combination with succulents and cacti. The design is simple, but it looks impressive. Thanks to the composition of several plant species, an attractive appearance is achieved. It is recommended to use colored cacti whenever possible to add brightness.

So, we take:

  • step by step instructions and the best ways + Video - a vase for sweets in the form of a cylinder;
  • - soil for cacti;
  • - plants;
  • - expanded clay, pebbles for drainage and decorative function.

First, the vase is thoroughly washed in hot water, dried and degreased.

  1. Expanded clay and pebbles up to 1/4 of a 3 cm thick vase are placed at the bottom. The soil thickness in proportion is 2: 4 of the height of the vase.
  2. Plants are planted every 3 cm.

  3. Stage of decoration of the composition and filling with small pebbles.
  4. Soil compaction.

Often there is no need to water such a florarium. When plants lack water, they grow less and in this case it is good. The purpose of watering is to maintain the appearance of the composition, therefore it is recommended to water once every 1.

5-2 months. It is important not to forget to remove dust.

Flowers in a hanging container

When the container has a wide opening, this greatly simplifies the design of a mini-garden. For example, a round aquarium, a large glass, a drop-shaped hanging vessel are the best options for decorating a composition.

You need to prepare:

  • step by step instructions and the best ways + Video 2 liter container;
  • plants similar in type of content, for example, 1 stone rose and 3 saxifrage;
  • drainage, soil, coal;
  • driftwood, figurines, houses, etc.

    ;

  • tweezers, spray bottle, scissors.

Just as in the case of a vase, the vessel is washed, dried and degreased.

The algorithm for further actions is as follows:

  1. - expanded clay, pebble or sand 4 cm is placed on the bottom;
  2. - wood is placed on it carbon or activated. It is needed so that putrefactive processes do not develop, chemicals are absorbed from the water;
  3. - then the soil is laid in a moist form. In this case, you need sheet land, peat, coarse sand.

    By the way, you can buy a ready-made substrate. If the layers are mixed with colored sand, this will give a great decorative effect;

  4. - the soil is leveled and pits are made for the plants with a spoon;
  5. - the plants are pulled out of the pots, the roots are cleared of the ground with the help of tweezers, the bushes are planted in the recesses in the containers, and their root system is sprinkled with earth again with a tablespoon;
  6. - then the composition is sprayed, and the earth is watered with a watering can. Moss, dry twigs, particles of bark are laid on top of the soil. Moss - an important element that prevents the collection of excess moisture, at the same time performs the function of temperature regulation.

Important! You can arrange the composition so that the plants do not touch the walls of the container, so that the leaves do not start to rot.

Geometry in the florarium

In recent years, containers of geometric shapes developed using Tiffany's technology are increasingly encountered. They have many asymmetrical edges. This allows you to create unusual shapes. It is difficult to create such a florarium yourself, therefore it is easier to buy a ready-made one.

To design a geometric florarium, you first need to find an edge-base.

Depending on this, the thickness of the soil, height, number of plants are determined. In height, drainage and soil should be a quarter of the entire vessel.

Step-by-step work looks like this:

  • 1 mm of activated carbon is poured onto the drain;
  • the soil is spread and compacted;
  • succulents are planted, and sphagnum moss on top;
  • stones and decorative sand are needed to complete and decorate the composition.

Mini-garden in a light bulb

This option for compiling a florarium is complicated. Such a garden is usually of a closed type.

First, you need to take time to prepare the vessel. You will need pliers, scissors, tweezers, screwdriver, safety glasses.

  • - the bulb is taken in the left hand and the bottom of the base (black cork) is carefully crumbled with pliers;
  • - the spiral is removed from the inside of the bulb with a screwdriver;
  • - internal parts get out with tweezers.

To give it stability, you need to attach some kind of support. Then sand is poured inside.

Moreover, if it is assembled on the street, then it is first washed and calcined in the oven to get rid of microorganisms and mold spores.

After that, moss, succulent is placed in the sand. Plants are gently pressed into the sand with a stick. The florarium is ready. Almost no maintenance is required, since the light bulb will provide an influx of air and moisture, condensation will be released from the hole, you will not even have to water the plants.

The main thing is not to forget to dust off the light bulb.

Care instructions

Plants are watered once a month, and the leaves are wiped off with a sponge or sprayed with a spray bottle. Over time, succulents are replanted.

If the florarium is closed, then the plants are watered very rarely. It is important not to forget to ventilate the vessel so that condensation does not appear.

In case of planting non-succulents, you need to prepare for constant pinching and replacement. It is recommended for fast-growing plants to use not an aquarium, but a wide and flat container - a bowl, a box, a pots.

You should cut off old twigs, remove diseased and dry flowers.

It is worth remembering that plants will grow someday, so the florarium is a temporary refuge. Sooner or later, it will become cramped for its inhabitants and they will have to be transplanted into ordinary pots.

But to design the vacated capacity, you will again need to create something unusual, original, your own.

Each housewife can create her own mini-garden behind glass. It is beautiful and interesting. You can observe the development of a small ecosystem not only for adults, but also for children. The complexity of the design is influenced by which florarium and plants are chosen.

But, definitely, this activity is exciting and has a positive effect on the psychological state.

( 1 grade, average 5 of 5 )

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