Many people are constantly trying to bring a piece of nature into their home environment. But, for many, this becomes a problem due to the lack of living space, the presence of pets, the appearance of allergies.
A way out can be found in the design of the florarium, which has become a fashionable phenomenon in recent years. Creative people with their own hands create an original decoration for the home - a mini-garden in a bottle or in a can.
There are already models equipped with an automatic system on the market, but they are expensive.
You can save a lot if you make a florarium with your own hands. Such an object will be no worse than the finished analogue.
In fact, the florarium is an aquarium, but without fish and water. Since the days of geographical discoveries, people have tried to plant winter gardens in their latitudes, growing flowers from hot countries.
The progenitor of such gardens was the scientist from England Nathaniel Ward, who in the 18th century placed plants from the tropics in a box, which allowed them to grow in favorable conditions.
Since that time, plants from different countries of the world have been deliberately brought into the cold climate and grown in specially created greenhouses. Not everyone could make such beauty at home, so the idea of a mini-garden appeared, which can be implemented even in a small apartment. Usually, dwarf plants with the correct microclimate and ecosystem are grown in florariums, especially if the capacity is a bottle, where a greenhouse effect with high humidity is created. The creation of a florarium involves a creative approach.
There are many models and options for growing plants.
For registration, you can use containers:
It doesn't matter what volume of the container is, the beauty of the florarium does not depend on it. The originality of the mini garden is achieved through the design and selection of plants. Even in a simple aquarium and in ordinary glassware, real masterpieces can be created.Small containers with three plants inside look most effective.
It can be different - wall, table, window sill, ceiling, etc.
Most often people put mini-gardens on a flat surface such as a window sill or table. Rarely are they suspended from the ceiling, although if space is not enough, this is a great option.
The selected container is filled according to the selected theme.
Moreover, you can create different climatic zones and landscapes:
To create a harmonious composition, you need to carefully choose plants, focusing on the recommendations of specialists:
But, it is important to maintain a sufficient amount of soil, since a deficiency will lead to slower plant growth. Root pruning may be necessary, usually the plants themselves slow down in growth, since the root system has nowhere to develop.
An important condition is good ventilation to preserve flowers.
If the idea is to combine incompatible conditions for plant growth, then you can use a sly advice. Individual specimens are placed in pots, which are masked by stones and other decorative elements. This will help create a holistic multi-component composition and take care of each element separately.
The amount and composition of materials may vary depending on the chosen theme of the garden. Basically for work you need:
, everything that can be useful when decorating a florarium in miniature vessels. To tamp the earth, you can use a knitting needle and a wine stopper or an eraser;
An attractive appearance can be created by combining - 1 part of drainage, 3 parts of soil and 1 part of decorative material.
The simplest florarium for a beginner can be arranged from a tall jar.
In the process of work you will need:
It is important that a distance of 4 cm is maintained between the bushes of the composition, so that they do not interfere with each other.
The lighting should be diffused so that plants do not grow too actively in direct sunlight. If the florarium is an open type, then the composition is watered once a week, in a closed container, watering is carried out much less often.
Too grown and overgrown leaves are shortened.
The florarium looks original in combination with succulents and cacti. The design is simple, but it looks impressive. Thanks to the composition of several plant species, an attractive appearance is achieved. It is recommended to use colored cacti whenever possible to add brightness.
So, we take:
First, the vase is thoroughly washed in hot water, dried and degreased.
Often there is no need to water such a florarium. When plants lack water, they grow less and in this case it is good. The purpose of watering is to maintain the appearance of the composition, therefore it is recommended to water once every 1.
5-2 months. It is important not to forget to remove dust.
When the container has a wide opening, this greatly simplifies the design of a mini-garden. For example, a round aquarium, a large glass, a drop-shaped hanging vessel are the best options for decorating a composition.
You need to prepare:
Just as in the case of a vase, the vessel is washed, dried and degreased.
The algorithm for further actions is as follows:
By the way, you can buy a ready-made substrate. If the layers are mixed with colored sand, this will give a great decorative effect;
Important! You can arrange the composition so that the plants do not touch the walls of the container, so that the leaves do not start to rot.
In recent years, containers of geometric shapes developed using Tiffany's technology are increasingly encountered. They have many asymmetrical edges. This allows you to create unusual shapes. It is difficult to create such a florarium yourself, therefore it is easier to buy a ready-made one.
To design a geometric florarium, you first need to find an edge-base.
Depending on this, the thickness of the soil, height, number of plants are determined. In height, drainage and soil should be a quarter of the entire vessel.
Step-by-step work looks like this:
This option for compiling a florarium is complicated. Such a garden is usually of a closed type.
First, you need to take time to prepare the vessel. You will need pliers, scissors, tweezers, screwdriver, safety glasses.
To give it stability, you need to attach some kind of support. Then sand is poured inside.
Moreover, if it is assembled on the street, then it is first washed and calcined in the oven to get rid of microorganisms and mold spores.
After that, moss, succulent is placed in the sand. Plants are gently pressed into the sand with a stick. The florarium is ready. Almost no maintenance is required, since the light bulb will provide an influx of air and moisture, condensation will be released from the hole, you will not even have to water the plants.
The main thing is not to forget to dust off the light bulb.
Plants are watered once a month, and the leaves are wiped off with a sponge or sprayed with a spray bottle. Over time, succulents are replanted.
If the florarium is closed, then the plants are watered very rarely. It is important not to forget to ventilate the vessel so that condensation does not appear.
In case of planting non-succulents, you need to prepare for constant pinching and replacement. It is recommended for fast-growing plants to use not an aquarium, but a wide and flat container - a bowl, a box, a pots.
You should cut off old twigs, remove diseased and dry flowers.
It is worth remembering that plants will grow someday, so the florarium is a temporary refuge. Sooner or later, it will become cramped for its inhabitants and they will have to be transplanted into ordinary pots.
But to design the vacated capacity, you will again need to create something unusual, original, your own.
Each housewife can create her own mini-garden behind glass. It is beautiful and interesting. You can observe the development of a small ecosystem not only for adults, but also for children. The complexity of the design is influenced by which florarium and plants are chosen.
But, definitely, this activity is exciting and has a positive effect on the psychological state.
( 1 grade, average 5 of 5 )
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