Step-by-step instructions and Tips on how to avoid mold and mildew + Video

Step-by-step instructions and Tips on how to avoid mold and mildew + Video When you think about building or buying a wooden private house, you should immediately appreciate all the nuances of life in it. Residents of apartments are less likely to encounter such a problem of many wooden houses as high humidity. And we are talking not only about the discomfort for the inhabitants of the house, but also about such unpleasant consequences as the appearance of mold, mildew, even insects and their larvae, violation of thermal insulation and, as a result, the gradual destruction of the foundation and frame.

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Reasons for humidity in the house

Step-by-step instructions and Tips on how to avoid mold and mildew + Video No matter how threatening it may sound, there is a reliable protection of the house from dampness, and more than one.

Variants of moisture penetration into the foundation or walls of the house - weight:

  • Atmospheric precipitation .

    The danger is that the liquid not only gets absorbed into the wooden surfaces of the house, but also remains in the cracks and gaps between the logs and on their surfaces. In the cold season, this is fraught with the formation of ice, which begins to expand these gaps and provokes slow destruction; Step-by-step instructions and Tips on how to avoid mold and mildew + Video

  • Moisture from the soil (from the same rain or snow, for example). If moisture gets on a wooden surface, dust, as well as fungal spores and microorganisms, settle on it. Accordingly, if water with some regularity falls on the tree, the wood will collapse over time, and foci of fungal infections will appear in these places;
  • The proximity of groundwater .

And in the last two cases it is not only about dampening the foundation or the lower parts of the house, since moisture can rise up the walls of the house by 1.

5 meters.

Ways to protect a wooden house from moisture

Step-by-step instructions and Tips on how to avoid mold and mildew + Video Maximum susceptibility the influence of these external factors are those houses in which there is no waterproofing, or it is made with violations. To solve this problem, it is necessary to apply an integrated approach, consisting of various methods, the task of which is to protect a wooden house from moisture.

All levels of the house need protection: foundation, walls, roof. Each component must go through its own processing stage.

Protecting the foundation from dampness

There are situations when it is possible not to waterproof the foundation, for example, if there is no groundwater near the house, or the basement is not made of timber or logs ... But even in this case, it is recommended to carry out a waterproofing treatment.

Step-by-step instructions and Tips on how to avoid mold and mildew + Video Experts advise to provide a more complete protection system than just waterproofing.

It is necessary to correctly select a waterproofing material that provides effective protection. The waterproofing material is made of roofing felt or roofing felt, it can also have a layer of bituminous mastic (about 5 mm). Protection of the basement of the house from moisture is carried out using a special gasket made of waterproofing material, which is installed at a height of 15-60 cm from the ground.

  1. There is paint insulation , it is used in the room itself or underground. Step-by-step instructions and Tips on how to avoid mold and mildew + Video
  2. Asphalt waterproofing , usually used in basements.

    This is a 10-15 millimeter mass, to which 3-4% cement is added. Especially productive in winter.

  3. Woven waterproofing , the name of which fully reflects the principle of operation: roll layers are glued over the insulated surfaces in several (usually 2-3) layers. This method is best suited for wooden houses and at the moment, it is one of the most common, due to the reasonable price and high level of protection against moisture.

Protection against moisture of the walls of the house

Step-by-step instructions and Tips on how to avoid mold and mildew + Video Since the walls are that part of the house that is most exposed to external factors, their protection from rain and water is carried out in several stages.

It is possible, for example, to overlay a wooden structure with brickwork (the distance between brick and wood should be about 40 mm), which is treated with water repellents, followed by a layer of vapor-permeable membrane.

In general, creating a kind of "case" around a wooden house is a very productive and widespread method. It can be not only brickwork, but, for example, plastic or metal siding . They, firstly, protect wooden walls from moisture, and secondly, they provide an additional level of insulation, and, thirdly, they allow building a house from less expensive types of wood. Plus, the service life of the siding is very long, and maintenance is minimal, it is enough to periodically wipe it with plain water.

plaster facade systems designed for insulation are also suitable for resisting high humidity. They also represent a sequence of layers (thermal insulation + reinforcing mesh covered with base and decorative plaster), which not only protect the house not only from heat loss, but also from moisture. This method is considered the most effective, since the multilayer allows you to block even tiny cracks and cracks.

What else can be done to protect against moisture?

Even with any effective method, it is worth treating wooden materials with special solutions that resist moisture and antiseptic agents that will prevent the formation of fungal and mold formations. Step-by-step instructions and Tips on how to avoid mold and mildew + Video

In winter, when there is a lot of snow and ice, it is recommended to throw it away from the walls and plinths, and reduce direct snow contact with unprotected waterproofing wooden parts of the house.


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