Step by step instructions and tips + Photos and Videos

Step by step instructions and tips + Photos and Videos The modern market of finishing materials for different surfaces is so diverse that it is easy to get lost among all these jars, bags, rolls, boxes ... Decorative mosaic plaster is a relatively new material, which, however, has already managed to win the trust of buyers, thanks to its excellent performance characteristics, as well as its attractive appearance. Plaster is suitable for interior and exterior wall decoration.

Mosaic plaster is made on the basis of acrylic resins and natural stone chips. Such material has been used since ancient Greek times, and over time it has not lost its position. The plaster contains chips of granite, quartz, marble, malachite, lapis lazuli.

Depending on the type of filler, a shade of the finished mixture is created. Fraction 0.

8 mm - 3 mm forms a granular structure, and after complete drying, a wonderful, pleasant texture is formed on the surface of the walls.

General information

Production of mosaic plaster for decorating walls must comply with GOST standards. When buying material, be sure to ask to show the quality certificate so as not to buy a pig in a poke. High-quality products will delight you with the beauty of the cladding for many years.

Manufacturers of mosaic plaster

  1. Step by step instructions and tips + Photos and Videos C eresit ct 77 - decorative mosaic plaster based on polymers, ideal for indoor and outdoor use.

    The color palette is 12 shades with a fraction of 0.8 - 2 mm. Consumption per 1 m² - 3 - 4.5 kg. The plaster can be stored for six months in dry rooms.

    It is noteworthy that the material is sold ready-made, so after opening the container, you can start using it. The average price of the solution ranges from 3500 to 4500 rubles.

  2. Mixan (Mixan) - decorative mosaic plaster of a universal type that creates a protective coating on the surface. Ideally protects walls from mechanical stress and high humidity. Often used for bathroom cladding.

    Drying time for one layer is from 4 to 6 hours. Fraction size from 0.5 mm - 3 mm, cost from 1400 to 1800 rubles per bag.

  3. Bayramix - mosaic plaster with a high level of fire resistance. The drying period after application to the walls is 1 - 2 days.

    It is characterized by durability and strength, suitable for use in premises with a high level of traffic. Economical consumption - about 3 kg / 1m².

  4. Bolars (Bolars) - mosaic plaster, suitable for interior and exterior wall decoration. Possesses a high level of resistance to moisture, frost-resistant. The size of the fraction is 1.

    5 - 2 mm, the consumption of mosaic plaster is 3 - 5 kg / m². The package contains instructions from the manufacturer, in which the steps for preparing the mixture are clearly described.The plaster does not need to be leveled and trowelled, the mixture does not spread when applied to the surface.

  5. WallMix - mosaic plaster marked Ш115 with a homogeneous structure with a fraction of 0.4 - 0.

    8 mm. A distinctive feature of the material is the rapid solidification after application to the walls, so the master has only 10 - 15 minutes to level the mixture. Drying time at optimum humidity level is 24 hours. The coating is durable and durable. Shelf life - 1 year from the date of manufacture.

    The plastered surface can be varnished.

Advantages of mosaic plaster

  • Step by step instructions and tips + Photos and Videos Resistance to ultraviolet radiation, atmospheric phenomena (rain, snow, strong wind, fluctuations in air temperature).
  • Resistance to mechanical damage.
  • High level of durability.
  • Versatility.

    The material is suitable for wall cladding made of concrete, aerated concrete, bricks.

  • Water vapor permeability. Thanks to this quality, a favorable microclimate is established in the premises, condensation does not form on the surfaces. Ideal for bathroom use.
  • A wide color palette of mosaic plaster allows you to choose the material to your liking, with the possibility of combining colors.

  • Long service life.
  • Ease of maintenance of the coating.
  • Environmentally friendly. Thanks to the natural components in the plaster, toxic substances that are dangerous to humans are not released into the air.
  • Easy to apply to the surface.

    To cope with the task is within the power of everyone, even an inexperienced person.

Cons of mosaic plaster

  • Cladding of metal surfaces requires a special approach. This is due to the fact that metal quickly rusts upon contact with moisture. Therefore, the surface is coated with a primer without water in the composition.
  • There are situations when it is not possible to repair damaged areas.

  • Expensive material.
  • Due to the presence of resins in the composition, plaster is not used as a decorative coating for walls sheathed with glass wool or mineral wool insulation.
  • Seeking the help of a mosaic plastering specialist entails additional costs.

Note. The negative qualities of mosaic plaster are not so significant that they should be abandoned.

Positive properties can compensate for all the shortcomings of the material.

Types of mosaic plaster

The material is divided into types depending on:

  • Fillers . Most often, marble chips are added to the plaster, and less often - quartz and granite.
  • Pigments . Thanks to the various dyes that are added to the material in production, the plaster takes on a shade.

    In addition, the pigments enhance the decorative properties of the mortar.

  • Fraction size .Depending on the particle size, mosaic plaster can be: with a thin, large, medium and small texture. Each package has a marking that indicates the size of the fractions, as well as the consumption of material depending on the size of the particles.

Note.

Coarse mosaic plaster will require a lot more for finishing the same area compared to fine grain material.

Types of mosaic plaster, depending on the area of ​​use

  • Compositions for interior wall cladding;
  • Mosaic facade plaster for home;
  • Compositions for finishing the basement.

Note. The binders added to mosaic plaster are different in all types of mixes.

Types of mosaic plaster, depending on the type of binding agent

  • Acrylic decorative mosaic plaster .

    The material contains acrylic polymer, which provides plasticity and elasticity of the mass. Plasters of this type are sold ready-made. Stir the mixture before use.

  • Mineral mosaic plaster. Lime, gypsum, cement are used as a binder in the production of such mixtures.

    For exterior cladding, a cement-based mixture is best suited. For internal lining, any of these compositions are used. The popularity of mineral mosaic plaster is due to its affordable price and increased level of strength.

  • Silicate mosaic plaster. Potassium glass is added to this kind of material, thanks to which the surface acquires special strength and durability.

    The disadvantage of the mixture is instant solidification.

  • Silicone mosaic plaster. Silicone resin is used as an additive. The material is great for interior decoration.

Features of work

Finishing work with the use of mosaic plaster provides for work in a certain sequence.

The final result depends on how scrupulous you are to work.

Preparatory stage

Step by step instructions and tips + Photos and Videos Before applying the plaster to the walls, the surface should be cleaned of dirt, grease stains, traces of old paint, cement, wallpaper. All surface defects such as chips, cracks, gouges are carefully repaired and leveled. After drying the walls, apply a primer in 2 - 3 layers. Remember that each layer needs to be dried.

Mosaic plaster finishing

Prepare the mixture

Prepare according to the attached instructions, in strict observance of proportions. First you need to prepare a solution, following the instructions and observing all proportions. A wide spatula is used to apply the composition. Movements are made in the direction from bottom to top.

In order to remove voids

The surface is smoothed with a special tool - with a float .

To create lines and patterns on the wall, use stencils or roll them.

The next step is to dry the plaster in natural conditions, covering the surface with a protective film that will help protect the material from the negative effects of the external environment when it comes to facades. You can remove the polyethylene after 4 days.

The process of finishing facades with mosaic plaster

  • It is possible to apply layers of plaster without preliminary drying each of them.
  • When the compound is applied to corners, drying of the layers is a must.

  • Experts recommend purchasing material with a stock.
  • To form straight lines using plaster of different shades, masking tape is used.

Mosaic plaster for interior work

  • For high-quality finishing of interior walls with plaster, it is necessary to prepare and dry the surface.
  • Each individual room has its own type of material. For example, plaster with a high level of humidity is selected for the kitchen and bathroom; an acrylic mixture is well suited.

    For bedrooms, children's rooms and living rooms, a plaster mixture is used.

  • Apply the putty in one layer.
  • After application to the walls, dry the putty. It is not recommended to use an electric heater to speed up the drying process.
  • For extra durability, the surface can be varnished.

Results

Scrupulous adherence to all the nuances in working with the material, following the instructions, correct mixing of the composition, ensures a guaranteed high-quality result, which will delight you for a long time. In addition, it saves money, because you do not have to redo frequently repairs.

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