An excellent budget option for a heating and cooking stove is a potbelly stove. It is incredibly convenient and easy to design and operate. It is good to have such a device in the country, in the workshop, in the garage and in many other places. A water stove can heat several rooms. There are many different models on sale today, from unassuming functional to sophisticated retro.
But their price cannot be called low. Therefore, craftsmen who have some experience, who have tools and a suitable metal, can try to make an effective potbelly stove with their own hands.
The simplest version of a potbelly stove can be made from scrap materials. A thick-walled barrel, an old industrial can or a gas cylinder (of course, empty) is suitable for this.
Resourceful folk craftsmen use pipes of a suitable diameter, wheel rims and sheets of metal.
When choosing a starting tool for work, it should be borne in mind that too thin metal will deform with strong heating, and the product from it will lose its shape. The optimum material thickness is 3-4 mm.
For convenient and efficient work on making even a small potbelly stove with your own hands, you will need the following:
The choice of a specific model depends on many components: the location of the future placement, its size, the purpose of the furnace.
For residential premises, it should have a more aesthetic appearance, therefore, for room placement, it is better to prefer the option from a pipe segment or from metal sheets.
In the garage or shed, you can install any model, the main thing is that it is able not only to heat the room, but also to heat the water.
To make it easier to make a choice, you need to get acquainted with the various options for long burning stoves, and the methods of their manufacture.
Such a furnace can be made in various ways:
The first model is capable of generating more heat, because the area that heats up and gives off heat is actually twice as large.
The gas tank looks pretty neat. And if you equip a product from it with a hob, beautifully finish the outer part of the stove, then it will serve as a worthy decoration for any room.
First of all, depending on the model chosen, you will need one or two empty gas cylinders.
In addition to them, you will need:
2-1.5 cm is required.
That one, that the second model can be made from a large cylinder, and it is possible from a small one.
Accordingly, the result will be a large or small potbelly stove from a cylinder. It all depends on what type and size of room it is intended for.
Since the recent contents of the cylinder were gas, it is necessary to provide for the possibility that some concentration of it remains inside. If you start working with such a cylinder, then any small spark can cause an explosion. Therefore, the necessary preparation procedures should not be neglected.
The workpiece is marked out : the location of the ash pan and firebox is determined. You will need a tape measure and a marker . The planned fragments are cut out with a grinder (they will be useful for subsequent work). They are scalded, supplied with hinges, bumpers and a latch - wonderful doors are obtained.
A ring of thick wire is rolled along the inner d.
This is the base to which the reinforcement is welded. It turns out a grate. The level of its installation is applied. The grill should be 3-5 cm below the door opening. The grate will be the separator of the firebox and the ash pan chamber.
Rebar rods are boiled every 0.8-1 cm from one another.
The door hinges are welded to the opening of the firebox (on one side), which should open and close freely. On the contrary, they make a latch that will fix the door in the closed position during the firebox. On the ash pan, the door is attached in the same way.
The upper part of the cylinder is cut off, a metal panel is welded onto the top of the hob.
The chimney may be led out through the side or rear wall of the furnace, or through the very top. In the first version, the hob will turn out to be larger, which for someone may be of fundamental importance.
An upright cylinder takes up significantly less space than a horizontal one. In any case, from the stove on the wood to the wall should be at least 20 cm.
The wall should be covered by any heat-resistant material.
Naturally, two cylinders are able to heat the air in the room faster than one . In addition, in the upper part of such a device, you can weld a water tank, and equip it with a tap and water pipes. First, a "horizontal" balloon is prepared, from which the upper part is cut off.
At the bottom of the potential the firebox (the side of the cylinder), several rows of holes are drilled, which will play the role of a kind of grate.
An ash pan is located along it - in our case, a box made of thick metal. It should be equipped with a sealed door that prevents ash and hot coals from getting out.
On the sides of the ash pan, the legs of the structure should be welded. A round hole is made on top of the lying balloon.
The vertical part of the stove will stand on it.
It is convenient to make the door from the head of the second cylinder; a branch pipe with a valve is not welded into it - to regulate the intensity of combustion. If the door hinges are placed at the top, then the cover, under its weight, will fit snugly against the firebox opening, which will reduce air suction to a minimum.
The most responsible is here - cutting along the markings of such a shape, which will fit exactly on the first cylinder: they are connected by welding. In this part of the furnace (vertical) there will be an additional heat exchange chamber. Getting into it, the smoke lingers, not going straight into the pipe, but circulating for some time.
Plates made of metal with holes made are welded inside a vertical cavity at a distance of 25-40 cm . The holes are closer to the edge of the circumference of the web, and correspond to the holes on the adjacent plates.
The best option is three equidistant jumpers. A vertical cylinder with jumpers on top is welded to a horizontal one, and is equipped with a chimney pipe (by welding).
Oven from a barrel is larger others, and she also needs more space.
But it is also capable of heating a much more spacious room.
Like the first model, a stove-stove from a cylinder, it can be made both horizontally and vertically.
Both are suitable for heating technical, utility and residential premises. For work, you need: a pipe for a potbelly stove 10-15 cm, a sheet of metal and the barrel itself.
On the surface of the workpiece, mark the future location of the furnace and blower doors, the place of the cut.
The barrel is cut in half, each part has a separate work to do. A circle is cut out of a sheet of steel along the diameter of the barrel, in which a hole is made for the chimney pipe.
In the upper part of the workpiece itself, a hole is made to align with that of the hob.
The chimney pipe is welded into the hole prepared for it in the barrel, the hob is inserted through the hole at the top and installed. It is welded to the sides of the barrel itself.
The air space between them will allow the hob to stay warm longer without cooling.
The grate (a prepared round piece with holes) is welded from the bottom of the upper part. When the top panel and the bottom of this half are ready, you can cut a hole for the firebox (its door). The opening is scalded with metal strips, the door is equipped with a handle with a latch and hinges.
They are neatly welded to the barrel so that the door can easily slide back and forth and the latch fits into the hook holder.
At the very bottom of the barrel, an opening is made for the ash pan (blower) . The door is made and hung in the same way as for the firebox. Both halves are reattached into one piece by welding.
Model horizontal - the process of its manufacture is almost completely similar to the manufacture of a horizontal stove from a cylinder.
A compact oven made of thick metal sheets is one of the most popular homemade ovens of this type.
It looks like a factory, intelligent and neat, and will perfectly fit into the design of any room. In size, this is a wonderful potbelly stove for a summer residence: it will take up little space, while remarkably heating the room and being used for cooking.
You can make an ordinary, simple body, divided into an ash pan and a firebox. If you equip it with partition plates inside, it will acquire additional heat transfer properties. Such a device will allow you to keep heat longer, and sometimes it is extremely necessary.
For the manufacture of this model you need a thick a sheet of steel (0.3-0.4 cm), a steel pipe, a corner of 5/5 or 4/4 cm suitable in size. The cover for the burner can be found in a profile store, or you can make it yourself.
We provide you with drawings, guided by which, you can get started.
The outlines of future parts of the stove are applied to the blanks. These are its future walls, plates for placement inside, a grate. In the front panel, holes are made for the blower and the firebox (rectangular).
Doors are made from the metal pieces obtained in the process: they are scalded with a corner, equipped with hinges and latches, and attached to the front panel. One of the prepared plates is welded onto it, but from the inside.
In size, it should be 10 cm smaller than the side walls of the product.
The second of the plates is welded onto the back wall, 7-8 cm from the top. When burning, both plates serve as a kind of labyrinth for smoke.
This will ensure excellent heating of all corners of the device. Holes are made in the hob for the pipe and burner.
At the bottom of the stove, legs from a corner or thick reinforcement are attached by welding.
On the side parts, at the same level, corners are welded.
In the future, they will serve for laying the grate. Holes are drilled in the grate; in another way, it can be made from reinforcement rods by welding. Or you can just buy a ready-made element.
All walls of the furnace are assembled and welded together. To ensure the tightness of the seams, 3/3 cm corners can be installed outside. The structure will acquire more weight, but at the same time, greater reliability. A lid with a burner and a pipe is welded to the device.
To refine the resulting product, all welding seams on it are cleaned, after which the surface is covered with heat-resistant paint.
A special screen, panels of which are installed on the back and side surfaces, will not only increase the operational safety of the system, but also, due to the formation of an additional convection flow, will significantly increase its performance.
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