Step-by-step instructions from the very first steps + Video

Step-by-step instructions from the very first steps + Video Your bathhouse can become a place for rest and celebration of family holidays. And its construction will not take a lot of money and nerves.

Knowing a few simple secrets about the construction process and with the support of a couple of friends, you can make a bath with your own hands.

Study the detailed instructions, decide on the layout, purchase materials and get down to business.

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Shield bath

Everyone knows the old Russian favorite bath.

In the old days, there was no courtyard in the village, wherever there was a homemade bathhouse. Nowadays, unfortunately, the bathhouse is in some way an attribute of luxury.

Build your own or buy your own, from a real bar, is quite an overhead task, but that is why a panel bathhouse was invented.

This design is cheaper to build, and in terms of operational functionality it is in no way inferior to its dear sisters. In addition, it is quite possible to do it yourself or order it on a turnkey basis.

The shields bath is a wooden frame filled with insulated shields. Advantages of such buildings:

  • - inexpensive price;
  • - speed of construction;
  • - good thermal insulation and high heating rate;
  • - insignificant shrinkage;
  • - simplicity of technology.

Minus: the joints of the shields must be sealed with mineral insulation or steam insulators.

Method of selecting a bath project

When planning to build a bath, you need to estimate the number of people you want to wash at the same time. This directly affects the dimensions included in the project.

Decide on all the functions of the building.

Perhaps you want to play billiards after the sauna or sit at the table with guests. In this case, you need to provide for separate rooms. Which will satisfy the listed wishes.

Tip! You can get acquainted with a variety of typical bath projects.

Most often, you don't need to invent your own bike, but use a ready-made solution.

If you do not like the standard projects, it is quite possible to develop your own, but in this case the construction budget increases by about 1/3.

Step-by-step instructions for the implementation of construction

The foundation for the bath

Frame baths have a small weight as a result of which the use of a columnar foundation is allowed. The number of pillars should correspond to the standards for your bath size. Usually the posts are planned at the corners of the structure, under the inner walls and the points where they intersect.


Step-by-step instructions from the very first steps + Video It is easiest to choose asbestos-cement pipes as a columnar foundation 20 cm in diameter, with concrete filling.

Holes with a depth of 1-1.5 m are dug into the ground. A reinforced concrete pillow is poured into them, and then a pipe is inserted, leveling its position, and covered with sand at the level. Fill with concrete.

Important! If the soil is heaving, then a connected reinforced grid is needed in the pipes.

Removable formwork

Removable iron formwork for the roof can also be used for the foundation.

They take roofing iron and form a pipe of the required diameter from it and weld peculiar wire handles to it. We dig a hole slightly wider than the pipe. We install a pipe in it, controlling its level.

We make a backfill of fine sand.

We put a reinforced grid inside the pipe and fill it with concrete. They take the labor by the handles and raise it by 30-40 cm and pour in another portion of concrete. The process is continued until the column grows to the desired size.

When the pouring is done already above the ground, before removing the formwork, it is imperative to wait until the concrete has completely solidified.

Tip! If you lift the pipe by swinging it a little, then things will go a little easier. Just remember to level the pipe again when pouring in a new batch of concrete.

At the stage of forming the foundation pillars, it is necessary to lay a stud for the future fastening of the strapping.

It is worth starting the next stage of construction in about 2 weeks. And before that, it must be kept covered under roofing felt and periodically doused with water.

The frame of the bath

The main element of the future construction begins with careful processing of materials.

Bath is a source of moisture and heat, and it is ideal conditions for reproduction of fungal and mold organisms . In addition, the natural wood from which the structure is built is also a favorite habitat for insects.

Antiseptic processing of wood will allow the bath to last as long as possible.

Another thing to think about is the flammability of the object.

There are compounds that increase the resistance of wood to fire. They are called fire retardants.

Tip! It is better to wrap the foundation pillars with waterproofing material so that the wood does not collect moisture from them.

Basement strapping

The basement strapping is most often advised to be made of coniferous timber with a cross section of at least 20 cm. must be subjected to the above processing.

Step-by-step instructions from the very first steps + Video The bars are placed directly on the foundation pillars and fastened together "in half a log", and a part equal to half is cut from one bar thickness from above, and in the other from below.

After that, the resulting grooves are made and secured. And finally, the level of the received structure is controlled.

Tip! Correction of pillar levels should be done by adding a layer of cement or waterproofing. The cement must be placed under the waterproofing.

The timber is attached to the foundation with anchors. Fasteners are inserted at least 10cm.

Bearing posts

Step-by-step instructions from the very first steps + Video They are installed in the corners of the bath and in the places of future partitions bearing supports.

The material for the supports is taken the same, wood, but at least 10 cm thick.

It is better to fasten to the strapping with a felling and metal corners.

If you fasten with dowels, then it is enough to pull the stands over the outlets.

At the moment of installation of the supports to the harness, the upper part of the supports will be completely loose. To avoid skewing the structure, you need to make temporary supports to keep the main supports in a strictly vertical position.

They are installed according to the principle of the main ones, but the material here can be used with a smaller section.

Important! The distance between temporary supports should be between 50 and 1 meter.

Top strapping

It is carried out by analogy with fastening a basement bar. Do not forget to control the level of the structure. We put the beams on the ceiling and move on to the next step.

Formation of walls

At this stage, it is important to endow the bath with good insulation , otherwise it will not be a bath, but a solid barn. You can insulate with mineral wool or expanded polystyrene (more preferable, due to its properties, it does not absorb moisture).

The entire frame is densely filled with material.

Important! If you use expanded polystyrene plates, then they need to be fastened together with construction tape.

The outer side of the insulation is covered with waterproofing, such as plastic wrap. On the inside, a vapor barrier is being established. For example, izolon with the foil side to the bath.

All joints are sealed with construction tape.

External finishing is done with a board or OSB boards. For aesthetics add siding or any other material.


Here you can choose any configuration. But, for example, for northern regions, gable roofs with an angle of approximately 30 degrees are preferable.

So in winter, the snow masses will easily descend. Also, owner reviews say that it is better to choose lighter materials for roofing. It is not worth adding loads to a lightweight foundation. Therefore, it is better not to use tiles.

Step-by-step instructions from the very first steps + Video

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