Constructing a one-story frame house with your own hands is not an easy task. It is necessary to carry out all the calculations correctly, choose the right amount of building materials, make a clear marking of the entire territory and, finally, build a frame house.
Currently, standard brick houses have lost their popularity. They were replaced by wooden houses.
Frame houses have a large number of advantages over conventional standard silicate brick buildings.
The main quality of these buildings is the minimum costs in comparison with brick houses. Another big plus is the rapid growth of construction and savings in personal time.
For the construction of a one-story frame house with your own hands, you will need the following tools and materials: hammer, drill, electric planer and jigsaw, chisels, nail puller, screwdriver set, brushes, building level, ladder, chalk, waterproofing materials, and others accompanying elements.
To make the frame house more stable, create strength, the same foundation is used as for standard one-story houses.
The weight of a frame house is much less than stone buildings, which is why no shrinkage is required for the foundation.
A columnar foundation for a frame one-story house is used as a foundation for construction.
To install the foundation, special holes are dug in the ground at a distance of about 70 cm and a depth of about 1 m.The diameter of the pipes is 20 cm, and the length is 140 cm.All pipes must be inserted into the holes, covered with earth, carefully tamp, and pour the concrete mixture inside.
In addition to the columnar foundation, a strip foundation is used for the construction of a frame house. For this, a trench is dug, about 50 cm deep, after which the foundation is raised 40 cm above the general ground level. In this case, the thickness of the foundation is exactly 30 cm. It should be dug in a column for every 1.5 m, the depth will depend on the freezing of the soil.
And the pillars must be placed at every corner.
A one-storey cottage must be carefully protected from moisture. Since the foundation is not high, it is necessary to install blocks on it, and between them - a special waterproofing layer for the foundation. This will help protect the entire frame cottage from precipitation. All the space between the base lines is filled with sand.
Another waterproofing layer is placed on top of the blocks, and a special substrate is placed on top of it.
In advance, you should take care of the wiring of all engineering communications for the house, for this you need to make holes in the appropriate places where the water supply and sewerage will be laid.
The main advantage when building a panel or frame one-story house is consider the following: it is not necessary to cut out elements and parts, adjusting them to the required size. All beams are of a certain size even at the manufacturing plant. It is only necessary to carry out correct calculations and order the required amount of building material.
LVC beams are used for the supporting frame. Such building material has established itself in the modern market as reliable, durable and resistant to various chemicals.
When this timber is released, a special distance between the main posts is provided for laying the insulation. The places for jumpers also go in a certain order, it is quite convenient for mounting OSB sheets. Such sheets are recommended for use in construction; they have excellent strength characteristics and properties.
All construction starts from the floor. Roofing material is laid under the floor structure, it helps to prevent floor rotting. All parts that are made of wood are treated with an antiseptic or impregnation. The wood must be of the same species. This helps to avoid distortion of the house in the future.
After the floor is laid, edged boards are used for this. Next, proceed to the assembly of frame walls.
The frame, as a rule, is assembled on the ground, then, already in finished form, is installed on the foundation. The lower harness is mounted from beams with special grooves. In this case, the distance should be equal to 50 cm.
In order to connect the bars, you need to make grooves.
In the places where the stands will be installed, steel pins are mounted. After the assembly of the main frame takes place, it begins with the installation of vertical bars. And the finished structure is easily transferred to the finished foundation.
The bars are installed in the dowels, fixed with temporary jibs.
The remaining intermediate bars are installed as well. After the end of this stage, the upper strapping is made. For this process, use the same beams as for the lower strapping. In the upper and lower straps, all grooves must be symmetrical relative to each other. The top harness is secured with nails.
After assembling the frame, remove the temporary jibs, replacing them with permanent ones. After that, sheathing of the walls of the DSP begins. Next, the floor beams are installed. They line up with the vertical beams. Support beams are installed inside, supporting all beams.
They are located in the place of installation of interior partitions.
The roof is also assembled on the ground, and the finished the structure is installed on the building. The edges of the beams must be joined using an end joint located at an angle of 50 degrees. The rafters are also assembled on the ground, then transferred to the frame and fastened with bevels and nails. Every 10 cm, sheathing boards must be attached to the rafters.
With a protrusion of 25 cm beyond the outer rafters. Roofing material is placed on the crate, after which the finishing installation of the roofing building material is carried out.
Particular attention should be paid to the choice of roofing material. We recommend using ondulin instead of common metal tiles. Ondulin, in comparison with other roofing materials, has a low weight.
During construction, it is imperative to make waterproofing at the stage of rough screed. In the future, two layers of expanded polystyrene will be installed on it - this is necessary for the underfloor heating system. After that, a system is installed for heating the entire floor (warm floors), and after that a final screed is poured.
When walls are insulated, DSP protects vapor barrier film. The selected insulation option is laid, and an additional vapor barrier layer.
After that, cement-bonded particle boards are installed. On the outside of the house, the walls are also insulated with a layer of plaster. After this stage of work, we can say that the house is ready.
Let's summarize, in order to build a one-story frame house with your own hands, it is enough to have basic knowledge and construction skills.
You need to choose a suitable building material, after making all the necessary calculations, order a certain amount of this material and carry out the final assembly of the frame house.
It is worth noting that construction is carried out strictly in stages, like in Finnish houses, each part of the house is assembled on the ground, and is transferred in a finished assembled form to the building. This will apply only to those cases where the assembly of parts and parts is possible separately from the construction of the main house, for example, the roof is assembled on the ground, and only then is transferred to the main frame.
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