Installation of the frontal roof board - material features, scope, step-by-step instructions. Novice builders do not always understand how roof lining and frontal board are connected, as well as how to properly install the board to the outlets of the crate.
Let's see how to do this using a few examples and someone else's experience. As a rule, the removal of the roof beyond the border of the pediment is carried out due to the removal of the sheathing boards, and this removal should be at least 0-5-0. 7 meters.
The width of the frontal board is determined by the type of roof removal, massiveness and at the request of the owner of the house. First, you should consider the frontal board and the hemming using a real example. The formation of the filing may be easier if the removal of the roof is large enough, but then it is required to make an outrigger rafter, in other cases, instead of it, there will immediately be a wall of the pediment.
For the removal of the crate, or rather on the end part, a frontal board should be attached - the most common option, but thanks to this, the structure will not be rigid, since it is attached only to the ends.
What to do? It is necessary to make a T-shaped structure for the rigidity of the board and further stuffing of the hem (soffits, lining).
Attach these stops to the self-tapping screws to the battens and the frontal roof board, and you get a solid structure. In the future, it will be used as a hem. If the location of the lining to the pediment is perpendicular, additional fixing of the bar on the wall of the house and strengthening of the lining will be required.
What to do if the pediment is made of logs or beams and the beams cannot be attached to it, because they will cause it to settle and caulk? In this case, it is possible to make a take-out of the house, but it will be a little more difficult. In this example, additional boards in the crate are involved - they were cut into the rafter legs.
The roof consists of a large number of parts and assemblies, each of them performing specific tasks. The "complete" kit includes not only the rafter system and roof covering, but also some safety elements, for example, downpipes, accessories and more. Only under the condition of a high-quality installation of the frontal board and other parts will the roof be full-fledged protection from outside factors, and will also have an attractive appearance.
One of the constituent elements of the roof is the frontal board, which must be installed on the ends of the rafters in the area of the eaves. It doesn’t stand out, but it doesn’t diminish its importance.
This element performs 2 tasks - it stiffens, strengthens the structure and protects.
An eaves board can be used as an alternative, but the installation methods differ significantly. The cornice board is installed in the pre-cut grooves in the rafters, and the frontal is mounted with nails perpendicular to the protruding elements of the rafters.It is also possible to use two elements simultaneously.
If a frontal board is provided in the structural plan, the installation of a gutter system can be performed at any stage of roof manufacture.
Please note that only plastic fasteners for the drainage system are attached to such an element, and not metal. If the roof is completely finished, use short holding hooks. The fact is that during rain and snow melting, there will be a large load, so you should choose a board of the appropriate thickness.
Installation is as follows:
It is desirable that the plank is secured with nails, although installation using self-tapping screws is acceptable. Fasteners must be galvanized to avoid corrosion.
After that, roof filing is carried out. The bars that are stuffed onto the wall should be located at the level of the bottom of the board.
After that, between the frontal board and the horizontal bar, it is required to fill the crate to which the filing will be attached - this can be lining, siding, profiled sheet, etc. The main thing is that you do not forget about the arrangement of ventilation gaps and, in the place of possible penetration under the roof, you can provide good protection from birds.
An eternal problem for this part of the roof is that wooden parts are short-lived and due to constant high humidity, even when well treated with fire retardants and antiseptics.
In order to prevent moisture from entering the frontal board, protect it with a special "apron" made of metal. If a metal tile acts as a roofing, then the frontal board will be protected from getting wet by a cornice bar - it can be installed after installing the hooks.
This element of the roof made of metal tiles has a specific purpose, and it is impossible to exclude it from the covering without permission. The eaves plank with metal tiles plays an important role. Although the total area of the elements is not very large, they help to ensure the integrity and protection of the entire roof covering.
The cornice bar itself, as a finishing element, protects the supporting wooden structures from moisture and wind load.
All elements must be assembled as indicated on the technological map.If the eaves strip is missing, it can lead to moisture penetration under the roofs and dampness will appear on the walls of the building. Wooden roof elements can also rot. There are two types of cornice strips - frontal and cornice drip.
The frontal strip helps to protect the frontal board from moisture and is an additional support for the gutter clamps. It is fastened before the installation of the eaves strip using self-tapping screws, they keep a step of 40 cm and overlap at least 5 cm. The dimensions of the strips can be standard or made to order.
Material similar to that used for metal shingles. There are differences in colors (to the taste of the customer).
The plank will help to emphasize the contours of the roof, so it must be perfect. In certain cases, to eliminate irregularities, it can be installed together with a special metal chamfer.
When installing the eaves, do not use electric disc tools, which will cause the metal of the roof to heat up, as this can damage the protective coating ...
Cutting the bar is required only with electromechanical or hand scissors. Places of cuts should be painted with special paint, which is sold in the kit. It is forbidden to nail the bar onto the nails. You should only use the self-tapping screws that come with the kit and always match the color of the roof.
It is not permissible to exclude any cornice strip from the design.
All types provide reliable and long-term protection of roof operation. The installation of the eaves plank is carried out at a height. For this reason, only stable and reliable stepladders or ladders (ideally prefabricated) need to be selected. If the roof height is more than three meters, inventory scaffolding is required for installation.
Work should be carried out in calm weather and using special protective equipment against accidental injury (including mounting belts).
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