Such a wonderful insulation as ecowool is not yet actively used by consumers. Meanwhile, this material is remarkable both for its functional characteristics and benefits from use. Some ten years ago, most of our fellow citizens had no idea about such a thermal insulation product. What is this material, why is it so good, and how to use it?
In another way, the material is also called thermofloc and uniol. Cellulose in its composition occupies a predominant share - 81%.
This material has excellent heat insulating characteristics, its use allows you to create a seamless monolithic layer. But in its pure form, it cannot be used in construction work, since it is very flammable, easily flammable, and is afraid of the effects of various biological factors.
The addition of beneficial fillers helps to correct these characteristics. This is 7% borax and 12% boric acid. What do these components give?
Borax is a reliable fire retardant, helping to reduce the flammability and fire hazard of the base material.
Of course, to a certain extent. It is, of course, not recommended to insulate chimneys and heating boilers with such an insulator, but it is unusually good for interfloor coverings and walls.
Uboric acid different function. It provides the material with a loss of attractiveness for various micro- and macroorganisms: rodents, fungi and mold. Its use guarantees ecowool protection from rodents the best, so is that of mineral wool or expanded polystyrene (I must say that they even like the latter).
Also, a certain amount of lignin is included in the composition of the material, due to which the smallest particles of ecowool are tightly bound to the surface of the insulated structure when moistened.
In what form is ecowool produced for insulation? It is a loose, unshaped mass consisting of cellulose fibers. It is compressed to a density of 110 kg / cu. meter and briquetted, facilitating loading, transportation and storage. For use, the material must be unpacked and fluffed to such an extent that its volume is approximately fourfold.
Main performance characteristics:
Let's consider the advantages in more detail material, ensuring its excellent working qualities when insulating various buildings.
Like any material, except for its advantages, ecowool has some disadvantages:
This material can be used for insulation different ways.One of them, an industrial one, consists in spraying pre-moistened ecowool onto the surface requiring processing using specialized equipment, as well as injecting dry material into the insulated frame with a powerful compressor.
In addition, it is possible to mount the material manually, but this will increase its consumption. Such a process will take an order of magnitude more time.
The manual method of mounting the material is associated with laboriousness, increased time costs, the impossibility of absolute filling of all existing cavities, voids and cracks.
But many people prefer this particular option, since it turns out to be much cheaper.
If you intend to insulate a change house, an outbuilding or a garage, follow the given procedure:
The fluffed material can be used.
With the subsequent use of the floorboard, the material will be compacted to the required volume.
Such the method for insulation with ecowool is the most appropriate for work. Compared with the manual method, it has undeniable advantages.
This is :
With specialized blow molding equipment, this thermal insulation material can be used in three different ways: wet, wet glue and dry.
Let's dwell in more detail on each of the above.
Dry spraying of the material is usually used to insulate horizontal as well as inclined surfaces in order to fill the closed cavities in the walls, for processing of non-collapsible structures and interfloor floors.
The essence of this method is as follows:
This type of spraying is used for insulating vertical open structures and walls of frame (and other) buildings. The moistened mass of ecowool instantly adheres to the surface of walls of any composition, thus forming a monolithic seamless layer, the density of which ranges from 50 to 65 kg / cu. meter. The excellent "stickiness" of the material is provided by the natural component of lignin, which is famous for its special stickiness.
The thickness of the walls with the material allows you to prepare with your own hands a house with a unique technology and a reasonable cake of the walls of a frame house, which will provide heat: the floor, attic, attic, roof and roof of a private house.
This "wet" method is excellent for the insulation finishing of block and brick buildings, which is carried out in accordance with the instructions developed for this:
It is not too different from the previous one.The main difference is that special adhesive components are added to the water moisturizing material, which significantly increases its adhesive properties.
The advantages of this method are the high elasticity of the material, the absence of harmful components in its composition, as well as extremely low deformation after drying.
This method is used for insulating the bottom surfaces of ceilings and various horizontal surfaces, access to which is difficult, for applying material to thin-walled and complex surfaces, hanging structures. With its help, even various vertical surfaces can be processed with ecowool, but this is not very advisable. The technique of such insulation is actually no different from the previously described wet technique.
For the industrial method of ecowool installation, profile equipment is required.
Many different types of blow molding machines are available on the domestic market. However, it is quite acceptable to manufacture the required equipment on your own. Both industrial equipment and hand-made equipment are similar in their constitution and have the same operating principle. What is included in the devices?
On the independent manufacture of the blowing device will have to spend an average of 18 to 32 thousand rubles. Industrial devices can cost from 180 thousand rubles to 600, depending on their power and performance.
Of course, factory equipment has a much higher power than homemade devices. However, for a single use, it will be quite practical to make the unit with your own hands.
When choosing a material for insulating a house outside and inside, it is recommended to pay close attention to ecowool. Convincing arguments in its favor are an excellent combination of technical and operational qualities, fire safety, environmental friendliness, extreme biological resistance, practical waste-free installation . In addition, all the manipulations on the use of this insulation will cost significantly less than using other materials for thermal insulation.
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