Natural and artificial stone is a practical and reliable material for facades and interior decoration. To achieve the desired aesthetic effect, it is necessary to strictly observe the facing technology. One of the most important materials in this type of work is glue.
Masonry mortars stone is a mixture of sand, binder, plasticizer and water. All components of the composition are selected in the correct proportion.
Adhesive mixtures can be different
There are several types of masonry mixtures for stone:
By appointment, adhesives are:
There are resin and polyurethane based compounds, but they are used for indoor stone masonry. For facade work, special dry mixtures have been developed, which are diluted with water in a certain proportion before use.
Dry adhesive mixtures are used for facade work
Practice has shown that one of the best compositions for laying natural stone is a mixture of cement, bituminous mastic and sand.
Craftsmen know how to choose the exact proportion of components and claim that this glue holds heavy finishing material better than others. Artificial stone has a much lighter weight, so there is no particular hassle with it. For its masonry, you can choose any composition suitable for facade work.
Materials with a fine-pored structure are undemanding to the type of glue: porcelain stoneware, granite, marble. The ability of the composition to hold heavy finishing elements is important for them.
Specialized glue is used for marble
Marble facade cladding
For materials with a large pore structure (limestone, sandstone, white granite), mixes with a low percentage of water are required.
Facing the facade of a private house with natural sandstone stone
Natural stone for the facade
Such stones are able to actively absorb not only moisture, but also small particles of the solution. Therefore, for their masonry, compositions with a high setting force are used. For example, MULTISTONE S17.
Stone glue for outdoor use MIXONIT MULTISTONE S17
Stone masonry glue MULTISTONE S17 is the pride of German developers.
This composition is distinguished by an exceptionally high adhesion force and is used for laying any finishing material: artificial and natural stone, porcelain stoneware, ceramics, concrete blocks. The composition has the property of reduced dust formation (STOP STAUB system).
MULTISTONE S17 is able to reliably glue medium and large pore stones: quartzite, sandstone, limestone, shale. The glue reliably holds plates larger than 600x600 mm.
The composition is made on the basis of minerals and is safe for human and animal health.
Flexible and easy to apply to any surface. Possesses a high degree of moisture resistance, resistant to negative temperatures.
Kreps adhesive mixtures are one of the best selling. The popularity of the formulations is due to their excellent quality and ease of application. The Kreps line includes several types of products.
The life of the composition is 4 hours. The permissible maximum slippage of the heavy finishing material is up to 5 mm.
The product contains cement, quartz sand, plasticizers. The finished solution is as stable as possible and prevents the cladding elements from slipping. Has its own requirements for the base surface: it must be flat and not subject to deformation as a result of shrinkage of the building.
3 MPa). If the facing material has large dimensions (more than 400x400 mm), it is necessary to provide additional mechanical fastening. Moisture-resistant and frost-resistant.
The composition includes cement, sand, plasticizer, polymer additives. It is permissible to lay the finishing material on complex base substrates: old ceramic tiles, porous blocks and slabs, cellular concrete. When using stones larger than 300x300 mm, it is necessary to apply glue not only to the wall, but also to the reverse side of the facing material.
Made on the basis of cement, sand and water-soluble polymers. Belongs to the category of compounds that can reliably hold materials of large weight.
Provides high adhesion to the base, prevents the facing stone from slipping. The pot life of the solution is at least 120 minutes.
Designed for gluing stones of large-crystalline rocks (marble, granite), is widely used in the laying of artificial stone. Environmentally friendly, has a high degree of moisture resistance. Heat resistant.
Average consumption of the composition is 5-8 kg / m2.
Glue Strong Extra "Hercules" series
Designed for work with finishing materials, the weight of which does not exceed 800 g per 1 m2. Ideal for ceramic and stone masonry. It is plastic, provides adhesion within 1 mPa. Suitable for tiling difficult substrates.
Used in the decoration of external walls of buildings, plinths, surfaces in contact with water (pools). Consists of sand, cement and modifying additives. The manufacturer warns that this product is unsuitable for application on frozen bases, and focuses on the fact that the quality of the finished solution directly depends on compliance with the proportions indicated in the instructions.
By the way, we recommend that you read the new article - an overview of the 7 best adhesives for porcelain stoneware.
Applying Weisbau glue
Available in cylinders, used for indoor and outdoor work.
Facade finishing at sub-zero temperatures (up to -5 ° C) is permissible. Moisture-resistant and frost-resistant. Unlike dry glue mixtures, it does not require preliminary mixing and is ready for use immediately after purchase. Provides acceleration of masonry work by 40%. It belongs to the category of rapidly hardening, therefore, finishing (grouting) of the facing is possible 1 hour after the completion of the laying.
StoneFix is applied to the wall surface with a pistol. The use of glue requires adherence to safety precautions: wear gloves and keep the balloon at a short distance from open areas of the body. Before use, the glue, with a gun attached to it, is turned over and shaken for 30 seconds. During the process, keep the container in an upright position.
PENOSIL Premium StoneFix 827
StoneFix has its advantages:
One bottle of StoneFix glue is designed for 1 m3 of masonry and replaces one 25 kg bag of dry mix. A prerequisite for use: the installation of the stone is carried out on a prepared surface (leveled and primed). The glue is applied in a uniform layer along the perimeter of the back side of the finishing material at a distance of 3 cm from the edge. Next, the stone is pressed against the wall and checked for correct installation with a building level. The leveling of the finishing material is permissible within 5 minutes.
" Kamenshvat DPK-5/01 "and" Kamenshvat DPS-2/01 "are mainly used in landscape design and facade decoration. The compositions have high impact resistance, moisture resistance and frost resistance. The complete polymerization cycle does not exceed 24 hours.
Stone grab DPS-2/01
Instructions for use "Stone grab DPS-2/01" ..
Step 1. The glue is prepared by mixing two-component polymer binder, which is supplied in an easy-to-use package.
Step 2. The finished glue is mixed with a filler placed in a separate container (finely ground natural or artificial stone, quartz sand).
Step 1 and 2
Step 3 and 4
Step 3. The composition is thoroughly mixed mechanically: using a drill and a mixer.
Step 5 and 6
Mixing the components
Step 4 . The ready-made mixture is applied with any convenient tool: a float, a spatula, a trowel.
Step 5 .
The layer applied to the wall is leveled and lightly compacted with the same tool.
Step 6. The stone is pressed with effort to the base surface, its location is corrected, and held for several seconds.
Using "Kameneshvat", you can revet facades with stone of any origin, artificial or natural.
In the widest line of Ceresit adhesives and grouting there are products for indoor and outdoor use.
For the latter, the most popular composition is Ceresit CM 17. It is distinguished by its strength, extremely low hygroscopicity, and resistance to negative temperatures. Able to withstand sudden temperature changes. Masonry work can be performed at temperatures from + 5 ° C to + 25 ° C. The glue is recommended for working with any finishing materials, except marble.
The composition is highly elastic and resistant to deformation.
Comparative analysis of mixtures /
|Withstands more than 100 freeze-thaw cycles, mortar setting time 20 minutes|
|Designed for laying stone on screeds with heated, on deforming base surfaces, aerated concrete|
Ceresit CM 11
|The binder is cement, the degree of water absorption of the finished solution does not exceed 3%, it is less elastic than Ceresit CM17.|
Ceresite CM 11 Pro. For cladding with ceramic tiles inside and outside, as well as ceramic-granite tiles inside buildings.Download
CM 11 Pro
"Maxiplix T-16" professional dust-free glue for marble, granite, porcelain stoneware and natural stone
The mixture includes cement and chemical additives.
It is characterized by increased strength, which allows using this composition when laying large-sized finishing materials of any weight. The OSNOVIT MAXIPLIX T-16 adhesive mixture is suitable for finishing external and internal walls of buildings.
The surface on which the facing material will be glued must be leveled and treated with "Base" primer.
Treat the wall with a primer
Before you start laying the stone, you need to wait until the walls are completely dry. When preparing a solution for 1 bag weighing 25 kg, 5-6 liters of clean water are required.
The composition is mixed with a drill equipped with a metal mixer.
Mixing the solution
The ready-made solution is applied to the wall with any convenient tool: a trowel or a spatula. Strive to make the layer continuous and even. The optimum layer thickness is 2-10 cm. Then the layer applied to the wall is leveled with a notched trowel.
The life of the adhesive mixture is 20 minutes. During this time, tiles or stone must be laid on the facade.
Apply glue to the trowel
Apply glue to the wall
The finishing material is pressed against the wall, pressing slightly. Hold in this position for a few seconds and correct the styling.
Finishing the facade with a stone
Glue "OSNOVIT MAXIPLIX T-16" has a high fixing ability, so you should not be afraid of slipping of the finishing material .
.. Due to the holding properties of the composition, facing work can be carried out from bottom to top or top to bottom.
Glue Basin Maxiplix
Designed for cladding facades and interiors with natural and artificial stone. Suitable for laying on complex surfaces of brick, concrete, limestone, aerated concrete.
Substrate requirement: strength and no shrinkage. It has increased adhesion to most finishing materials.
Glue for natural and artificial stone Coral CG-12
Glue "Coral CG 12" is widely known and popular in industrial civil and housing construction. The product is highly moisture and frost resistant. The manufacturer warns that this composition is not recommended for laying slabs made of light-colored marble.
When choosing an adhesive for outdoor use, it is recommended to pay attention to the products of leading companies: Osnovit, Prospectors, Knauf, Unis Plus, Ceresit.The high quality of the mixtures of these companies has been proven by long-term practice.
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