It doesn't take much time to build a frame house. Due to the simple construction technology, strength and reliability, frame houses are very popular. The device of the floor in such a house is slightly different from the usual construction options. Its arrangement immediately follows the foundation stage , and only then the walls and roof frames are erected.
Any construction starts with ordering a project plan.
For the construction of a frame house you will need:
The floor in a frame house must be correct and durable, since it bears the load of not only people walking on it, but also the structure of the house itself, furniture in it and other important things.
Before installing the floor, you need to know the level of groundwater at the place of the building. It depends on whether the floor will be made in one or two layers.
Before starting work, carefully study all stages of the process.
If you want to arrange a plank floor in a frame house, prepare materials such as:
Check the foundation for equality of diagonals and height differences. If necessary, level the floor with a cement-sand mortar.
Along the perimeter of the foundation, we install anchor bolts for fixing the beds. Inside it, we make concrete supports for the support beams, with a step of 2 - 3 m.
We waterproof the foundation by coating or pasting, and lay roll waterproofing between the upper plane of the foundation and the beds.
We make pockets for floor beams in the walls of the foundation.
Planks are planks laid along the perimeter of the foundation and attached to it with anchor bolts.
They are carefully leveled and fixed, as the mortgage board is attached to them.
The thickness of the boards for the legs is 50 mm, and their width is equal to the width of the foundation.
Beams are the main support elements on which the logs are laid. Supports are pillars made of wood, mounted on concrete, which serve to stabilize the beams and protect them from contact with concrete.
These elements are made from coniferous wood impregnated with a bioprotective compound.
If short, then we join the beams on the support.
We also perform strapping from a 50 mm board, the width depends on the planned load and the thickness of the insulation.
We put the boards on the end, align them along the outer edge of the bed and fasten them with nails in increments of 20 cm.
We cut the logs and fasten them with nails to the harness and beds, check and fasten them to the beams at the intersection.
The optimal material for insulation is mineral wool. Its disadvantage is the loss of thermal insulation ability when wet. Therefore, we protect the insulation layer with a vapor-waterproofing and windproof film.
If a low-density insulation is selected, we sew a sub-floor treated with biosecurity under the logs.
We glue the joints of the strips with adhesive tape, fasten the film with a stapler.
Often the flooring in the rooms is different, so a layer of plywood 16 - 20 mm is placed on the joists, and finishing takes place after the completion of construction.
After arranging the floor, further construction can be carried out - the erection of a frame of walls and a roof. The final floor covering is laid after the installation of the internal partitions.
Needed at the stage of floor planning think over all the important details. That is, if you want the bathroom floor or the entire floor in the house to be heated, you need to make a thermal coating in advance.
It is necessary to study all types of heating and select the desired one.
Underfloor heating can be done throughout the house, and only in certain rooms.
It consists of a system of plastic pipes that are placed throughout a room or house. If your frame house is equipped with underfloor heating, take care of the control of this system, make the control center located in a place where it will not interfere with anyone.
You can save on the manufacture of interfloor ceilings and floors using:
Not a new floorboard is often even better than the one that is sold to us in the construction markets.
She tends to be drier and by using her you reduce the risk of being driven. The price of such material can be several times lower than a new raw board.
You can find it on the dismantling of old buildings and technical structures.
The second option is to use door leaves instead of a board. You can find old interior doors and install them instead of planks.
From above, everything is covered with a parquet board.Thus, tens of thousands of rubles can be saved on a medium-sized house.
By using this method, you can also save on time, since wood canvases are faster to cover than boards.
You can find old door leaves when demolishing old five-story houses or in the production of doors, where defective lots are bought for a pittance
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