technology, features, choice of material- Step-by-step instructions + Photo and Video

technology, features, choice of material- Step-by-step instructions + Photo and Video What is tile wall cladding, and how to do it? This is a good question, since this process is the final stage of the repair.

It depends on how well the repair is done as a whole.

For this reason, experts advise to approach with all responsibility the choice of material for decoration, which you plan to produce wall cladding.

Types of material for cladding

Until recently, very few materials were used for cladding the walls of a room, and it was not difficult for people to choose one of the options ..

. Now the construction market is saturated, and sometimes even professionals puzzle for a long time over what to choose.

For this reason, I would like to list those finishing materials that are very popular in finishing:

  • Ceramic tiles.
  • Plywood.
  • Plastic panels.

  • Drywall.
  • Decorative panels.
  • Decorative plaster.
  • Lining.

But these are not all materials, but only the most common ones.

Yes, do not forget that there is wallpaper and paint, but it is worth noting that these materials are not suitable for cladding in a bathroom or toilet.

If we talk about each type of wall cladding with tiles, then we note that each has its own advantages and disadvantages. So, recently, drywall has been used quite often. This is an excellent material with high performance and physical and technical characteristics.

The advantages of drywall can not be counted.

I would like to note that when using this material, you can solve a lot of problems when decorating wall surfaces.

  1. technology, features, choice of material- Step-by-step instructions + Photo and Video The walls, which have been finished with plasterboard, are leveled.
  2. Walls and their surfaces become smooth.
  3. Drywall is an excellent sound insulator.

But, like every material, it has some drawbacks.

The main one is that usually this material is installed on the frame, which means that part of the useful space of the room, albeit a small one, will be stolen.

Panel cladding is also a fairly common procedure. At the moment, the variety among panels for decoration is unimaginably great. It is plastic panels that are at the peak of popularity. Due to its water-repellent properties, this material has been used in rooms with high humidity levels.

Decorative MDF panels are almost in no way inferior to plastic panels, and sometimes even surpass them, for example, in cost and environmental friendliness. Both of these options have excellent characteristics, but especially the household people liked the strength and practicality. A simple damp cloth is enough for you to easily clean the panels from dirt.

It is possible to describe for a long time how good this or that material is for cladding, but from time immemorial wood was considered the best finishing material for every room. With the right placement of wood, you can create a stylish, elegant and presentable look of the room, which will be warm and cozy.

Even if the house itself is not made of wood, then cladding in the room with plywood or clapboard will help in creating a unique and unsurpassed style.

According to experts, decorative plaster is the most beautiful type of material for decoration, since with its help you can create such a finish that will not be inferior in beauty to the decoration of walls with stone. But I would like to note right away that this option is the most expensive of all.

Ceramic tiles

Currently, the facing of internal walls with ceramic tiles is one of the most common and demanded types of finishes. This is an excellent and reliable material, which is also environmentally friendly, not afraid of humidity, temperature changes and heavy loads of a mechanical nature.

For this reason, tiles are often used in the bathroom, as well as in the toilet, pool, showers and kitchens. But the floor tiles can be seen on the balcony, in the hallway, in the corridor.

Step-by-step instructions for wall cladding with ceramic tiles

technology, features, choice of material- Step-by-step instructions + Photo and Video How as a rule, this process is carried out from above on the prepared wall surface. It doesn't matter what the wall is built of - brick, reinforced concrete or blocks. If the wall is brick, then plastering work is carried out before laying the tiles.

It should be noted that in this case, the plaster is applied not in 3 layers, as usual, but only in 2 - spray and soil. But we in no way apply the cover in the form of a finishing layer under the tile, since the ceramics itself is a facing material with an alignment function.

Start the process of tiling the interior walls from the floor. If your floor is not yet ready, then install the slats around the entire perimeter of the walls to be finished, and they will play the role of a starting point during installation. If there are no problems with the floor, then the installation of slats is not required.

Installation of ceramic tiles is possible in two ways. The first requires the use of beacons, while the second does not. The first scheme should work when the room itself is larger, but this is not useful in the bathroom, toilet or kitchen.

Ceramic tiles should be installed from the bottom corner if you work according to the second scheme. But first you need to hit one vertical line.

To do this, screw a self-tapping screw in the upper corner of the room, and hang a plumb line on it, along which a line will be drawn and will be a figurative beacon. You can start laying the first row.

Please note, that already laid tiles must be checked for evenness in planes. To do this, use a building level. When checking the general condition of the evenness of the row, the check is performed by the rule with the level.

Experts advise

Pay attention to the solution consumption. It is not necessary to knead a lot of the mixture at once, since the tile structure is a rather long process, and during this time the solution can easily lose its unique qualities and dry out. When using a glue-based solution, it should be applied not only to the tile, but also to the wall. With a cement-type mortar, everything is much easier - it only needs to be applied to the tile.

Experts advise to lay the tiles on half of the area m 2 , that is, first lay the tiles in 1 row at a length of 0.

5 m, and then the second row according to the same algorithm, and all the rest. If the design of the project describes the laying of tiles in a suture way, then for this you need to use plastic crosses. When the work is finished, these crosses can be taken out, and we rub the seams with mastic.

Although both schemes are similar to each other, there are also differences: laying tiles on lighthouses requires experience and knowledge from the master, which means that it is more difficult to perform. For example, the installation of beacons is carried out only according to a single scheme.

This means that you need to hang a lighthouse on each wall, and make sure that they are in all planes. Next, we pull the thread between them on the driven pins. The thread will show you the level at which you will be styling. By the way, this cord is called a dock.

Wall tiling starts in the middle of the room, not in the corner.

When the bottom row is brought to the lighthouses, they will need to be removed. Then the pins are transferred to the second row, pull the mooring again and continue the process.

As you can see, the laying process is still complex, and it is also associated with many materials and individual specific tools that require special work skills.


Wall cladding can be done in different ways. In practice, all the technologies for laying any facing material have long been developed.

Variants, schemes and methods have long been known and described to everyone. So for those who plan to carry out cladding, you should find the option that will be easier, more convenient and more economical for you.