An attractive and durable option for finishing the facade of a private house is the use of special facade bricks. It will cost more than siding, insulation boards or decorative plaster, but such a brick gives the house a complete form.
It's just that there is such a variety of bricks on the building materials market that only a builder with 20 years of experience behind his shoulders can deal with the purchase of the "right" one. But everything is simpler, the main thing is to know how the facade brick is classified and what are the advantages and disadvantages of each of its varieties. And even then, choosing the best facing brick will not be difficult.
The facing brick has a precise geometric shape and a uniform color. For such a material, it is the attractive appearance that is important. And for this reason, it is produced by the hyper-pressing method. This is when the mixture is pressed into a special mold and compressed under ultra-high pressure to the stage of obtaining a smooth surface.
According to GOST standards, permissible deviations from the specified dimensions of such a brick are no more than 3 millimeters in width and 4 millimeters in length - manufacturers are required to comply with these standards.
As for the performance, they are secondary. Such a brick has mediocre heat and sound insulation, but is resistant to negative environmental influences .
Advantages of using decorative plaster :
finishing bricks , when compared with decorative facade plaster, have the following advantages:
Pay attention! Finishing brick has a significant drawback - its high cost .
Such material from foreign manufacturers can cost as much as 100 rubles for one bar.And finishing a house in 80 - 120 m 2 will cost them already 400 - 600 thousand rubles , which for many is not affordable ...
There are many types of facing bricks, but the following are often used:
Cheap and popular , made from clay, like rough brick for traditional masonry. For the facade, a hollow one is used, with holes penetrating the entire plane along the length. Their diameter can vary, which affects the consumption of the cement composition. There is also a corpulent one, but they cost several times more, at such a cost, you can consider more reliable finishing options (the same clinker brick).
Important! Such cladding is the most common, but so that the facade does not lose its original appearance, it will have to be regularly treated with soil compounds to protect it from ultraviolet radiation and moisture.
Clinker . The design can be both smooth and textured. It is the most durable as it does not absorb moisture. But it fits on a hard cement mortar, that is, with a minimum content of moisture and impurities (use a plasticizer). It is also made from clay, but of a special composition (with feldspars and mineral additives).
Hyper Pressed . In principle, any facade brick is made by the hyper-pressing method - this is the only way to get the perfect geometric shape without any visual errors. But in the construction industry the meaning of "hyper-pressed" brick has been formed - it is one that is made from high grade cement with the addition of limestone and colored additives. Textured also happens, but the shape is already set by the print.
The main advantage of hyper-pressed bricks is a wide variety of shapes and colors (cement is easily mixed with any dye).
It is also often used to decorate window frames, doorways and everything else where you can use a brick of non-standard shapes. It has a significant drawback - it is the appearance of microcracks already after 2 - 3 years after operation. All this is explained by high moisture absorption and low resistance to temperature changes of the environment.
Façade bricks hand-molded can be classified into a separate category.
Their composition is varied: with the addition of a limestone base, crushed stone, mineral components and additives, and even with a varnished front base. This is a kind of material "premium" , costs fabulous money . By all criteria, it meets clinker bricks, but with a unique texture (since hand molding is used). More often, such cladding is used for the arrangement of country cottages.
A conditional classification by purpose is also used.
Everything is simple with this: there is a simple facade and heat-resistant . The latter, as you might guess, is used when laying fireplaces, stoves, for finishing and giving the structure an attractive look (the stove itself is laid out from simple heat-resistant bricks).
Facing ceramic brick
Table 1. Advantages and disadvantages of facing bricks.
|Ceramic||Cheap, attractive design, simple masonry, vapor permeable (the house "breathes" and does not accumulate moisture inside)||Relatively quickly loses its original appearance without maintenance, hollow base and high cement mortar consumption, absorbs moisture|
|Clinker||Virtually no maintenance (only removal of efflorescence), retains its original appearance for the entire period of operation (up to 100 years), sound and heat insulating , resistant to temperature extremes and critically low temperatures||Expensive, does not allow moisture to pass through, therefore, an additional ventilation system in the house cannot be dispensed with (if water supply is supplied, a toilet and a bath are also in the house)|
|Hyper-pressed (from cement mortar with limestone)||The largest variety of designs and colors, the cheapest||Requires personal care, often paint ki, if not protected from moisture, then begins to crack over time|
Every experienced builder with will answer with confidence that the best for facade decoration is clinker brick . But the main factor that stops homeowners from buying is cost . Therefore, this option should be considered only if the owner is ready to spend about 500 thousand rubles for durable finishing.
If clinker is not suitable, then a use case can be considered ceramic .
This is a kind of "classic", such a brick has been used in construction for over a hundred years. It is the optimal combination in terms of quality / reliability / cost / durability , but there are not many variations in its appearance.
Either red or one of its dark / light shades (towards brown or yellow) is more common. And also a considerable amount of cement mortar goes to its masonry (due to the hollow form).
Hyper-pressed on the basis of a cement composition - the brick that experienced builders do not recommend to use. It is cheap , attractive, but after 5 years, even with regular treatment with soil and acid compositions, begins to fade , crack and literally crumble. It is much better to buy high-quality decorative plaster or siding for the same money - the look will be preserved for decades, and in terms of operational characteristics, there will be a minimum of differences.
Facing clinker bricks
There are a lot of manufacturers of facing bricks of any type in the Russian Federation. The most popular among those:
They mainly offer ceramic and hyper-pressed bricks - they are the most demanded among consumers.
Average cost - up to 15 rubles per block (hollow with through holes). In terms of operational characteristics, it is not inferior to foreign blocks (the same strength class is used - M150 or M200 ). But what Russian manufacturers have problems with is the design - against the background of products from the same Bauer , their brick looks completely inconspicuous.
MKZ and Ryazan the factories also produce clinker bricks, with different block sizes.
Average cost - from 45 to 55 rubles per block. Nothing remarkable in terms of design, visually looks like ceramic, but with a smooth surface without notches (with full compliance with GOST standards).
As for foreign manufacturers, in the Russian Federation, products from the following manufacturers are in demand:
Of course, imported building materials are many times more expensive. But in terms of quality, they do not differ in anything special - ISO quality standards are observed, which are almost similar to GOST. But in terms of design, imported products are a clear leader.
Especially Dutch and German producers ( Daks Baksteen, Lode, Rauf ). Their bricks have a wide price range. The minimum price is 45 rubles per block (ceramics), the maximum price is over 140 rubles per block (clinker, for example, Terca Safari full-bodied, hand-molded).
Finishing should be done last, but the overall design is drawn up even at the construction stage. Many problems arise with this.
The easiest way to solve them is to contact a professional designer. The main thing is to make the final choice regarding the shade (light, dark, textured). Next, you will need:
Step 1. Calculate the approximate flow rate of blocks (by number). It is easy if you know the size of a standard front brick - 250x120x25 millimeters (there are thicker ones, but there are also "half").
Step 2. Determine the available finances. Naturally, it is better to buy clinker bricks. But ceramics will cost almost ten times cheaper than .
Check out the offers in the nearest future building stores. Consider a design that matches the selected tone (taking into account the price category). From all of them choose the brands that will be "potential" options for purchase.
Step 4. Decide from the options chosen by design with what brand of brick is more reliable and durable.
reviews on thematic forums will help with this. It is possible to fully assess the quality of the material only after 3 - 5 years of its operation; you do not need to trust the sellers "in words".
Important nuance! Accounting for consumption cement mortar should be no lower than the strength grade of the brick itself. For this reason, using a hollow M250 or higher facade brick is not the best option. All finishing will cost no less than than high-quality full-bodied M250 , but in the last version the amount of work will be much less .
What brands of facade bricks do experienced builders recommend using? Manufacturer brands Terca from the series Safari, Trees, Nordic, Milano .
From Muhr , the brands No. 13, Canyon . Average price - from 50 rubles per block. If it is expensive, then it is better to consider the Russian options - there are a lot of decent brands at a price of from 12 rubles per block and above (ceramic). Products Ryazan and Golitsyn factories are in demand.
Adhesive Osnovit Maxiplix
It is equally important to properly care for the facing brick - this way you can preserve its original appearance for more than a dozen years. ceramic requires the most care. At least once every 2 years it is necessary to be treated with soil compounds to enhance resistance to moisture and low temperatures. It can also be painted, but only with colorful compositions and varnishes with a high adhesion rate - otherwise the tone will turn out to be uneven (but it will be noticeable only after 2 - 3 months after installation).
No care is needed for clinker bricks - just get rid of the efflorescence ( light "growths", which are perceived as a fungus or lichen). It is removed with the help of special cleaning compounds for the facade, based on an aqueous low-concentrated solution of any of the acids. After such treatment, it is also desirable to cover the facade surface with an antibacterial primer .
The worst case is with hyper-pressed bricks. Even with careful care of it, it will not be possible to preserve its original appearance for a long time. Within 3 - 5 years , small cracks will appear on it. You can only protect yourself from this with an additional moisture-proof layer.
But it can be siding or plaster.
That is, to solve the problem, the front facing brick will need to be ... closed behind a layer of other material.
So the hyper-pressed block of cement mortar, after it starts to crack, is simply closed under siding - this is the only solution to the problem. Another option is to knock out all the bricks and change the facade masonry.
For more details about solid facing bricks, read our separate article.
Total, there are only 3 variations of front bricks: ceramic, clinker and hyper-pressed . For all characteristics and parameters the best is clinker . If you cannot buy it, then it is better to give preference to ceramic (including from Russian manufacturers - they offer inexpensive options). But hyper-pressed based on cement mortar is used extremely rarely now - it is short-lived and quickly loses its appearance , but it is cheap .
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