The difference between oil paint and enamel

The difference between oil paint and enamel Difference between enamel and paint - the main features

When performing repair work using various types of paints and varnishes surfaces often becomes a question of the choice of paints and varnishes.

To make the right choice, you should know what are the differences between enamel and paint, as well as what are their application features.

Paints and varnishes fulfill both aesthetic and protective functions. The painted surfaces will be protected from all sorts of aggressive factors - ultraviolet rays, high humidity levels, sudden temperature changes.

Basic information


Requirements for the use of enamel and paints, regardless of their purpose:

Primarily paints are used to give a specific color. Enamel is a similar paintwork material, but it will include the addition of varnish.

It turns out that the difference between paint and enamel lies in the composition. The choice will depend on the application.

Purpose and application

The properties of paints and enamels will depend on the added substance for the formation of a film, and what kind of pigment is there and what kind of quantity. The addition of pigment imparts the following characteristics:

  • Adds color.
  • Improves protection against external factors.

  • Decreases the swelling factor.
  • Improves thermal stability.
  • Reflects ultraviolet rays.
  • Improves the performance of the anti-corrosion type.

Metallic powders are used as pigments.

For an ideal indicator, wear-resistant organic additives - azo dyes, kraplaks and phthalecyanite agents.

Please note that enamel compositions are used both for interior painting of premises and for facade processing. The material is characterized by excellent resistance and long service life.

Composition and characteristics

Enamel is a paint and varnish material that consists of additives, sand, metals, as well as subject to heat treatment. The main difference between enamel-type paints is the increased degree of strength.

Such compositions consist of pigments and various additives that will be converted into a protective layer, as fillers, as a rule, a varnish composition or other substances with similar characteristics are used. The difference between oil paint and enamel is that the former is made from drying oil, where similar target types of fillers are added.Enamel mixtures based on varnish belong to paints and varnishes, and there are no specific differences between the materials. It is very difficult to determine how enamel differs from oil paints.

In addition, some manufacturing companies try to make the illusion of a large selection of their products, and assign different names to paints and varnishes, taking into account the properties that should be emphasized.

That is, in order to highlight the strength and shine, the manufacturer can be called the enamel coating, although this is not at all the case. If we consider what is the difference between oil paints and enamel, then we can determine this as follows - paint and varnish enamel with the addition of drying oil is called enamel, and with the use of linseed oil paint.

Please note that in order to be able to determine how oil solutions differ from enamel-type mixtures, the composition should be analyzed, which differs in the base and the additive used in the role of mixing.


Consumption per square meter

Calculation of the consumption of the agent will depend on the conditions of applying the layer of paint and varnish. Moreover, the difference can be quite large.

For the processing of materials in one layer, approximately from 0.1 to 0. 14 kg of product per square meter is spent. When calculating the average consumption rate, it is required to take into account the quality of the surface to be treated, the viscosity of the paint and varnish, the place where the painting is performed (street or apartment), and also the painting method (brush or spray gun).

The main differences between paints and enamels

To determine what are the differences between enamels and paints, one should compare these types of paints and varnishes.

enamel compounds are used for surface treatment, creating a thin glass film. In addition, they will be subject to processing at elevated temperatures. Paints will have lower protective performance, in contrast to the same enamels.

Important! The difference between paints and enamels is their hardness and also elasticity. Enamel mixtures will have better performance properties.

Enamel compositions do not lose their initial characteristics when exposed to external negative factors.

Advantages and disadvantages

Paints and varnishes, which are used for decorative processing of wall surfaces, are valued for a large number of advantages. Main advantages:

  1. The difference between oil paint and enamel Fast polymerization will provide a high rate of drying of coatings.
  2. Ease of processing and safety, materials practically do not have unpleasant odors, and emulsion fumes are non-toxic.
  3. Wide range of colors, high hiding power and thin coatings.

  4. Excellent grip and versatility on all types of material.
  5. Beautiful appearance after decorative type processing.
  6. Tightness of the coating that protects the wall surface from mold and the appearance of corrosive processes, which will increase the service life of the material to be processed.

It should be noted that rapid polymerization can occur only at positive temperatures.

Difference between oil paints and enamels

Paint and varnish oil mixtures are used for facade and interior works, for painting and priming of various building materials.

The compositions can be applied to wood walls as a first layer for further enamel coating. Taking into account the manufacture of paints and varnishes, two types can be distinguished:

  • Densely rubbed - before starting painting, the composition should be diluted with turpentine or drying oil.
  • Liquid grated - the composition will be ready for use immediately after opening the can.

As a final layer, oil paints are not used so often, because they will have some disadvantages:

  • Long drying time.
  • Insufficient hiding power and poor abrasion resistance.

  • The drying oil, which is in the composition, after a while will give a yellowish tint to the surface.
  • The thick layer will not allow air to pass through, and this will lead to the appearance of cracks on the surface.
  • Toxicity of the agent, which is made on the basis of synthetic drying oil.

The differences between enamel and paint are understandable, but oil paints are popular due to their relative cheapness and versatility. The use of oil-type compounds on the surface are not exposed to mechanical stress, and allows the coating to be used for a long time.

the features of the paintwork will be determined by the scope and main purpose - the compositions can be used to treat almost all surfaces, and at the same time they will perform the function of protection. But such indicators of enamel are much better.


After the can with oil paint is opened, it is not recommended to store it for a long time, and the settled additives will dry out, and this can render the dyeing mixture unusable. Enamel compounds will thicken during prolonged storage and should only be diluted with a solvent before use. There are a lot of different types of paint and varnish coatings, and in order to choose them correctly, you should understand under what conditions and for what purpose the surface will be used.

Naturally, do not forget that any paints are tools only in the hands of a painter. And what will be the interior of the room, it also depends on how correctly such a tool will be applied.