Let's try to figure out what affects the service life of wooden houses made of logs, timber, and larch. How to choose a high-quality building material for the construction of a wooden house, what means to carry out the processing, and also how to choose them. Why do you need a solid foundation, how to distinguish good wood, and how to care for a wooden dwelling.
All this you will learn from this article.
This question worries many owners of private housing.
After all, everyone wants that, in which considerable sums of money, strength and hope have been invested, will serve as long as possible, and so that the grandchildren will get it.
Compliance building standards , selection of high-quality wood, rules of use, will allow you to keep a wooden house in excellent condition from 50 to 100 years, and in some cases even longer.
The main condition for the durability of a wooden log house is a high-quality foundation and walls.
With an incorrectly installed base, the house shrinks heavily, cracks appear from being washed away by groundwater, it is exposed to the detrimental effects of precipitation and temperature changes.
Well-built walls can last for centuries.
Surely you have identified wooden houses from a bar that are more than 200 years old, but they have not lost their appearance and are suitable for use in the future.
This is a great example for those who doubt that a house made of wood can be strong and durable.
It is difficult to establish the specific service life of a log house, since it is influenced by many factors. Wood is not an easy material for building houses, you need to be able to handle it and handle it correctly.
When contacting a construction organization that is familiar with the construction of wooden houses, the chances of getting a durable construction increase.
But, nevertheless, you can build a house out of wood with your own hands, the main thing is to choose high-quality material and adhere to the building rules.
The service life of a wooden residential building has a certain dependence on the work on the study of the soil on the site before the construction of the building. These works are aimed at studying the properties of the land, groundwater, air temperature, climatic features of the region, plants and fauna of the site.
All of this taken together gives an idea of how durable a wooden building will be.
As mentioned above, the main thing is to build a good and solid foundation that can withstand the weight of a wooden house.
The material chosen for the construction of housing is an important detail in the entire construction process. If a house is built from wooden panels, then, in general, it will be a high-quality building, although it will not last long. Another thing is a house made of a bar or a log house. Such buildings can stand for centuries.
An important factor that has a direct impact on the service life of a wooden log house is systematic maintenance.
As long as there are people in the house who keep it in good condition, it will serve faithfully, as they say.
A person can correct emerging defects, make repairs, replace parts. And this applies not only to housing made of wood, but also to other durable materials. As soon as a house remains empty, it falls into disrepair, and eventually collapses.
The next factor affecting the service life of a wooden residential building is laying communications (water, light, gas, ventilation).
High-quality material for a wooden house provides huge influence on his service. Different breeds have different lifespan and properties.
The best tree for building a house is coniferous needles (pine, spruce, cedar, larch). The wood has excellent performance characteristics and a long service life.
The quality of timber processing also has a lot of weight, since the main thing in this matter is compliance with the norms.
The foundation of the house and insulation from moisture are carried out at the initial stage of building the house. High-quality work can guarantee a long service life of a wooden house from a bar. Taking into account the climatic characteristics of the region, wood is processed from fungus , mold , pest beetles .
Based on the use of moisture impregnation, varnishes and paints, antiseptic compounds, etc., the choice is influenced by the type of dwelling, namely the type of wood that was used as a building material.
Protection of the walls of the house is also important, which is carried out with the help of hydro-, heat-insulating materials, internal and external decoration.
Increasing the service life of a wooden residential building, based on the methods and methods of choosing wood for the construction of housing, its processing with natural compounds, and on the basis of synthetic resins ...
For very popular are flame retardants and antiseptics , which give protection against mice, rats, bark beetles, rot, mold and fungus .
.. Fire-fighting compounds protect the house from fire and minimize the sad outcome. It is permissible to apply the funds with a spray gun or brushes.
Remember that such protection is simply a must if you want to increase the service life of a wooden house.
Indeed, for example, a fungus is capable of very quickly destroying the structure of wood so much that later, it will not be possible to restore it.
Cep is capable of inflicting irreparable damage to oak wood with a thickness of 4 cm in a short period of time. 4 cm thick in just a month.
The service life of a log house may depend on how the protection work was done from the fire. After all, this is especially important for wooden houses. Dry wood can ignite instantly and burn out to the end.
The composition of fire retardants includes phosphates, ammonium chloride, components to enhance the action, stabilizers. All these components tend to slow down the combustion process
The principle of operation of fire retardants is as follows: the composition is divided into 2 elements - gas molecules and impregnation under the influence of an open flame and high temperature begins to decompose into 2 components: gaseous molecules and a substance solid nature.
Gas molecules lower the temperature of the wood, and the second component envelops it with a protective film. An obstacle is created in the way of oxygen penetration into the material and the wood does not burn.
To protect a wooden house from fire and extend its service life, 2 types of fire retardants with maximum protection and fire retardants marked "I" are used.
Stop your choice on famous brands of fire retardants. The material is impregnated at the initial stage of the construction of the house and left to dry.
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