The main types of wooden fences + Photo

The main types of wooden fences + Photo The article presents descriptions of the main types of wood fences with their own hands + Video. Their characteristics and purpose are described.

Provides a brief step-by-step description of building a fence for your farm with your own hands.

What tools are needed and what material is used in the installation process.

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What are the fences?

Any territory that has an owner must be marked or fenced.

The main feature of such an area is a fence.

It differs according to the materials of manufacture:

  • The main types of wooden fences + Photo Wooden fence.
  • Steel mesh fence.
  • Stone fence.
  • Brick fence.

  • Fence made of concrete slabs
  • Fence made of metal sheet.
  • Mesh fence.

A wooden fence for your own farm

The main types of wooden fences

A picket fence

It is built from rough stakes made from solid small sections of tree trunks. The most ancient representative of the fence. The material is attached close to each other.

Performs both a security function and a decorative function. Long service life. It does not require special care. But it takes a lot of material to build it.

Fence made of boards

It is assembled from blackwood, wane boards, slab.

They are fastened to the veins installed on the support pillars with nails or self-tapping screws. The edges fit snugly together. Provides such a fence with reliable protection. The service life depends on the thickness of the material and on constant maintenance. Requires annual painting and replacement of dilapidated links.

Wicker

The most original representative of fences. It is made from young growth of trees and shrubs. Not sanding. It is supported by thin wooden pillars or steel pipe dug into the ground, their diameter does not exceed 32 mm. The posts are placed at a distance of 1 m.

The whips are woven between the posts in dense rows with a sling along the length. Service life no more than 5 years. Does not require special care and repair. It performs mainly a decorative function.

Fencing for grazing animals

Rough poles are horizontally attached to the support posts using forged brackets.

Such a structure is assembled in a short time and encloses large areas. Provides livestock from confusion and protection from predators. Does not require special care, repairs are done quickly and not expensive.

This view can be made from narrow boards horizontally arranged in 4 rows, followed by painting for a personal plot as an original design solution.

Woodland

The main types of wooden fences + Photo Option of fence from boards, but more complex design.

The boards are mounted on supports horizontally overlapping from top to bottom.

It turns out to be a dense barrier, beautiful looking. Provides sound insulation, good protection against penetration, exposure to bad weather.

Serves for a long time, since precipitation does not linger on the plane. Annual staining required.

Classic picket fence

Assembled from wooden blocks of the same size. They are attached to the veins between the support posts at a distance equal to the width of the picket fence using nails.

Provides delineation of the boundaries of the territory, protection from animals.

Picket fence is often used as decoration. Service life is short.

Requires annual staining. Repair is inexpensive.

Do-it-yourself fence made of wood

Any type of fence is easy to make yourself. The material is used not expensive, more often from waste in woodworking. Under special conditions of installation of supports cement and crushed stone are required.

Tool

The main types of wooden fences + Photo

The set of tools includes :

  • shovel,
  • earth drill ,
  • hammer, screwdriver,
  • level ,
  • marking cord,
  • tape 10 m.
  • container for mixing the solution,
  • pegs for marking,
  • construction plumb line .

Materials

Apply depending on the choice of the type of fence

  • picket fence 25x40x2000 mm, board 20x150x2000 mm, stakes D70x3000 mm, slab,
  • timber for support. Not less than 100x100x3000 mm in size. As an option, logs D100x3000 mm or a profile steel pipe with dimensions 60x60x3000 mm.

  • timber for veins 50x40x3000 mm or boards for a fence,
  • nails No. 50 or self-tapping screws No. 50 for wood,
  • cement M400, crushed stone or any rubble, water,

Step by step instructions

  1. The perimeter of the future fence is marked with a cord and pegs under the control of a tape measure.
  2. The pits for the supports are indicated at a distance of 3 m in the centers. The location of the wicket and gate is marked according to separate dimensions.

  3. In the marked places, holes are dug or drilled with a depth of at least 900 mm and a diameter exceeding the size of the pillars.
  4. The supports are installed using a cement mixture. The vertical is controlled by a plumb line or level.

Important! It is not necessary to pour the solution to the full depth of the pit. Can be alternated with soil filling with compaction.

  1. One day after the concrete has hardened, veins are attached to the supports with nails or self-tapping screws. In the case of steel posts, bolts and nuts are used.
  2. The main types of wooden fences + Photo The picket fence itself or other material of choice is attached to the veins with nails or screws. The picket fence is leveled with a cord or level.
  3. A hinged wicket and a gate are installed in the designated place.

  4. At the end, all wooden elements of the fence are painted, first of all with drying oil, and then with oil paint in two layers.

Conclusion

Building a fence made of wood is the easiest process. It does not take much time and leads to low financial costs.Such a fence can be successfully translated into an original stylistic decoration of the site with the addition of decorative elements.

There is no fantasy here.

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