There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video There is a wide selection of heaters for wooden houses, they can be used to insulate the house outside, and some even inside the house. What types are suitable for a frame house? Which is the best, consider their characteristics in this article! Correctly carried out thermal insulation will not be superfluous in any climatic conditions.

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When it is done correctly, then under its "protection" not only will the house be warmer in winter, but also noticeably cooler in summer.

Installation of insulation will create a comfortable microclimate in a room for any purpose - in a residential building, office or in a production workshop.

Besides, saving heat is an obvious financial saving.

It is completely unreasonable to heat the street, given that the technologies used today provide an opportunity to start saving energy resources already at the initial stage of construction work. Most of all, those parts of the building that are more adjacent to the external environment - the floor, walls and roof - need the use of insulation.

What types of insulation and what to use?

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video
The main types of insulation

Today there is a division of materials of this group directly according to their destination. They also differ in appearance and shape.

On sale there are quite rigid piece insulation (plates, segments, cylinders, etc.

), flexible products (cords, wide and narrow mats, bundles), as well as loose (perlite sand, vermiculite and cotton wool) ...

According to their structure, they can be divided into fibrous, granular and cellular.

According to the nature of the main raw materials, materials for thermal insulation are traditionally divided into organic and inorganic.

What is the conclusion from all of the above? Each individual modern insulation can be classified according to several completely different criteria. It makes no sense to compare thermal insulation materials regardless of the place of their application.

How to choose a heater?

It depends what you want to insulate and how much you are willing to spend.

Floor insulation

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video
We insulate the floor

The decision to insulate the floor is due to the desire to have a more constant temperature at home. When choosing insulation for the floor, comparing the characteristics of various materials, preference is given to one that can withstand the considerable pressure exerted on it.

In this case, its performance during compression will be important.

Well, and an indispensable requirement is the ability to maintain insulating qualities, even when exposed to strong loads and exposure to moisture.

Expanded clay is often used for this purpose, if it is possible to use it when pouring a concrete floor. If there is a basement in the house, in order to insulate the floor in the rooms, it is convenient to fix the insulation from the side of the cellar or basement. In this case, it is more convenient to use expanded polystyrene.

Types of wall insulation

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video
Insulation for walls of the house

Thermal insulation for this category is completely different, moreover, its type depends on the specific place of application - outside or inside the house.

For outdoor use, the ideal is the use of basalt mineral wool, which is distinguished by its ability to keep its shape and durability. In the process of even long-term operation, it does not become thinner, does not cake or thicken.

From the inside of the building, insulation is carried out proceeding from the possible permissible insulating layer: the features of the layout do not always allow making it sufficiently voluminous.

What insulation to choose? The most optimal options are mineral wool or foam, but they are also the most voluminous of the possible options.

A more modern way is to use paint with a ceramic base. Its layer can be small, and it is much easier to comply with the tightness conditions.

Choosing the right material is further complicated by the fact that each has its own dew point. If the place that needs to be covered has indicators that exceed the permissible values, then its isolation will not bring the desired result.

Ceiling and its insulation

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video
Mineral cotton wool for ceiling insulation

For ceiling insulation, mineral wool is in high demand.

This is not at all surprising: it can be simply laid out in the interfloor ceilings or in the rafter frame, in the amount required for this. In the process of operation there, nothing threatens it, thereby ensuring an initially high quality of insulation.

If we neglect the unique qualities of cotton wool and the simplicity of its installation, then sawdust with clay or ordinary slag could be other suitable means for thermal insulation. However, these substances have not found widespread use due to their considerable cost and rather complicated installation process.

Mineral wool

This name unites several different subspecies of thermal insulation materials of this type.

These are slag, stone and glass wool. This insulator is made by processing metallurgical alloys or melts of various rocks: a special synthetic binder is introduced into the resulting glassy fiber. There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video

The material produced in this way has excellent sound and heat insulation qualities, moreover, it is not flammable, and therefore does not represent fire hazards. But a huge part of the remarkable qualities of the insulation can be irretrievably lost when it gets wet. This should be taken into account.


Stone wool

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video
Stone wool

This is a fibrous material that is marketed in rolls and slabs and has an extremely low thermal conductivity.

The highest quality product is made from rocks called gabbro-basalt. This non-combustible material is used with equal success in the construction of private facilities and the construction of various production facilities. A wide range of uses is also explained by the possibility of its use at extremely high t, reaching an indicator of one thousand degrees.

The insulation's complete resistance to fire is complemented by its excellent resistance to moisture.

It is a hydrophobic material, the peculiarity of which is that it does not absorb water, but repels it.

This ensures that the insulation remains dry even after a long period of time. This, in turn, will allow her to maintain her high working qualities. The unique properties of basalt wool make it possible to use it even in boiler rooms, baths and saunas, where both high humidity and high temperature are combined . Strength in this case is not directly related to the density of the material.

This is a fairly soft material with a sufficient margin of safety. Its structural stability is due to the special arrangement of the individual constituent fibers - chaotic and vertical. The material has high anti-corrosion properties.

It can quite peacefully coexist with concrete and metal, without the occurrence of all sorts of chemical reactions. High biological resistance makes it immune to various biological pests: damage by insects and rodents, the occurrence of fungal diseases, the development of rot and mold.

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video
The basalt insulation passed the combustion test, and the organic heaters burned out

Basalt rock is the main raw material for the production of this type of wool . Processing with formaldehyde resins gives the material a sufficient level of strength, and the modern technologies used guarantee the complete elimination of harmful phenols even at the stage of material production.

The final product that reaches the consumer is a harmless and environmentally friendly material with high insulating qualities.

It is actively used for insulation of floors of residential and industrial premises, for thermal insulation of roofs and facades, including as an external insulation .

He found wide application in rooms with extreme humidity and temperature.

The best basalt insulation, stone wool made from rocks is a guarantee of high-quality thermal insulation for a long time.

Glass wool

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video This fibrous material made from a mass of molten glass. On its basis, two types of insulation can be found on sale - soft mats rolled into rolls and hard slabs.

The product has high strength and excellent elasticity. Recycled formaldehyde resins are used as the adhesion, or binding agent, as in the previous case.

Although not all the wonderful properties of basalt wool are inherent in a glass analogue, it has its own special qualities. She has high plasticity, which greatly facilitates the stages of working with it, and allows you to significantly compress the material when laying it. But during operation, glass wool can cake and lose its initial shape. Glass fiber is highly hygroscopic and can accumulate moisture from the external environment, accumulating it in its thickness.

To avoid such negative phenomena, it is covered with foil or waterproof membrane-film, eliminating excessively high moisture content.

The material has high biological and chemical resistance and is used where it will not be exposed to significant mechanical stress. These are roof spaces, facades, subfloors. It is often used in combination with additional protection - roofing felt or fiberglass.

Polyfoam

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video
We insulate the frame house with foam plastic

Polyfoam is a fairly hard, shape-holding, plate material widely used for thermal insulation of roofs, walls, floors and ceilings: both outside and inside. It is based on expanded polystyrene foam granules.

Comes on sale with slabs 1 by 2 meters, with different thicknesses: from two centimeters to half a meter. Its characteristics can vary significantly, which is why the material is selected in each case strictly individually.

Depending on the manufacturing process, you can get two different types of foam, using virtually the same raw material :

  • foam is called a porous substance, the individual cavities of which communicate with each other. Further, they are also subdivided into mipora, polyvinyl chloride foam, polyurethane foam and polystyrene foam;
  • foam directly - the contents of individual granules in it are not in contact with the environment and adjacent cavities.

Expanded polystyrene

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video
Expanded polystyrene in the form of bricks

Expanded polystyrene This material belongs to plastics with a cellular structure, has almost all the qualities necessary for thermal insulation, it is:

  • lightweight;
  • hard;
  • not afraid of water;
  • biological contamination.

  • But due to its low fire resistance, it is recommended to use it at t not higher than 150 degrees.

To improve this quality, special fire retardants are added to the insulation at the production stage. The symbol "C" is added to the name of such material, and it is called self-extinguishing. The performance properties of foam made it a fairly popular material.

Spray polyurethane foam

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video
Spray on the wall

This is a foam that can be applied by spraying through a special apparatus.

It contains polyisocyanate, polyester polyol and various additives.

The adhesion properties of the material allow it to be safely applied even on vertical surfaces. It has excellent adhesion to concrete, plaster, roofing material, metal, gas silicate blocks.

The material is quite successfully used for insulation:

  1. internal;
  2. external walls;
  3. flat and pitched roofs;
  4. basements;
  5. foundations;
  6. basements;
  7. joints between structures.

The spray applied method guarantees maximum filling of all holes, no gaps and joints.

The absence of potential cold points increases the thermal insulation properties of this treatment.

If we talk about the shortcomings of the material, then such, undoubtedly, is its unsuitability for processing wooden elements. Wood processed by this method will very soon lose its inherent qualities, processes of decay and damage will begin in it. This process causes a violation of air exchange processes in the depths of the wood pulp. The moisture accumulating inside the rock does not find a way out, and irreversible processes begin.

Ecowool

This cellulose insulation is made on the basis of cardboard and paper waste paper. Its properties are actually determined by the constituent substances. In addition to the usual recycled cellulose, some foreign manufacturers also use hay, cotton waste, sawdust. 81% of the material consists of carefully processed cellulose, 12 is an obligatory antiseptic.

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video The missing 7% comes from specially added flame retardants.

Insulation fibers contain lignin, which becomes sticky with increasing humidity. All elements included in the insulation are non-toxic, absolutely non-volatile and harmless to health. Cellulose insulation does not lend itself to combustion, decay processes, has excellent sound insulation and heat insulation performance.

Ecowool can hold approximately 20% moisture, while maintaining its working qualities. The material gives off moisture to the outside and dries quickly, retaining all its performance characteristics.

The disadvantage of ecowool is the difficulty of manually applying it to the surface, as well as the impossibility of arranging a "floating floor" due to its inherent softness.

Penoizol

Another name for the material is carbamide foam. This is a modern material with high sound and heat insulating characteristics, which is a cheap insulation. It is a honeycomb organic foam with a particularly low density and low thermal conductivity.The material has a high resistance to fire, resistance to the effects of microorganisms, and a low price.

It is easy to handle and has an air content of 90%.

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video
Insulation of the attic with penoizol

The tests carried out demonstrated the capabilities of the material. It turned out that the time of its operation, as the middle layer of the frame structure, is actually unlimited. Tests of its fire resistance have shown that the material can be safely attributed to hardly combustible.

This is the only one of the used thermal insulation materials of a polymer nature, which is not at all adapted to self-combustion.

Its fire resistance index assigns it to the G2 flammability subgroup.

Even when the highest temperature occurs during a fire, when the metal begins to melt, the carbide foam will just evaporate, and without the release of toxic or harmful substances.

Isokom

This is a special foil material (on both sides or only one). It is a polyethylene foam fabric covered on the outside with a highly polished aluminum foil. This is a multilayer steam, sound and heat insulating material that combines completely different qualities.

There are types of heaters and which one to choose for the house? Review + Video
Izokom insulation with foil

With a minimum thickness of the insulating layer, it provides excellent heat flux reflection properties, successfully combined with the highest (almost maximum) thermal resistance. A properly installed material is characterized by extremely effective thermal insulation of the building along its entire contour.

This is a harmless, environmentally friendly material that does not pose a threat to the ozone layer. It does not contain glass or other fibers that are unsafe for human and animal health.

Without changing its exceptional properties, it serves for about 50 years, without deforming and not being damaged during all this time.

The installation is quite simple and very convenient: it does not need any special equipment. Excellent protection against steam and moisture. It is used almost everywhere.

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