You can diversify your interior in different ways. For example, creating original textures and volumetric drawings on walls. For these purposes, special mixtures are suitable that perfectly imitate various building materials. Decorative plaster, when applied correctly, will simulate masonry. This finish is usually used for the facade, but it can also be used in the house.
It all depends on your capabilities and desires. You can create a stone effect in different ways, we will talk about them below.
When creating a stone effect, one can imagine different masonry. For example, masonry for finishing the facades of buildings, or imitation masonry for a bathroom.
Decorative plaster is successfully used for both interior and exterior decoration of the house.
Inside the house, it is perfect for cladding a chimney and fireplace, columns, partitions.
Projections, arches, openings and other decorative elements look great.
Brick and stone plaster for exterior decoration is used when working with a plinth, fence and columns.
On the facade of the house, imitation of a stone looks very impressive and original, but the cost of this decoration is much more, since the area of external work is much larger than the internal one.
Stone imitation can be found in various places, for example, in cafes, restaurants and hotels.
There are a lot of places in the interior where you can use the stone effect , especially since any surface is suitable for this work.
The more popular surfaces are:
Today there are several main ways in which imitation of masonry is possible. For these purposes, both textured and structural decorative stone plaster are used. Also used Venetian plaster to imitate masonry under noble stones, such as marble.
The decorative plaster contains quartz with sand, granite chips, mica chips, marble flour and other necessary components.
To increase plasticity, lime is added to the plaster, and cement is added for increased strength.
Instead of cement, acrylic is sometimes used - this allows you to create beautiful and unique surfaces.
This coating is coated with a special wax, ground and polished.
This coating has a masonry effect and is expensive. To obtain an imitation of embossed masonry, you will have to spend a certain amount of mortar to create a convex surface. And for the reliability of the masonry, each subsequent layer of plaster will need to be additionally painted.
But here, too, significant processing of seams with small grooves will be required, and a little less mortar is required than in the previous case.
It is not as difficult to create an imitation of masonry from stone blocks as to draw a masonry of stones with your own hands.
Before applying decorative plaster, the wall needs to be prepared. The surface must be completely cleaned of various coatings and made even. Although, no one demands perfect smoothness from you.
Remember to remove any salt bumps and grease stains. Only then can the wall be primed. This is necessary to improve the contact of the decorative plaster with the wall. By skipping this stage, you risk getting an unreliable final coverage.
In nature, masonry is made up of different sized stones.
We will consider the option of laying on a flat surface, without bulges. Stones, as well as in natural masonry, will have various sizes. For this, we only need imagination, a wallpaper knife and masking tape.
The primed wall must be pasted over with strips of masking tape. Thus, defining the seams between the stones.
Paste over the entire wall at once, even if the area of the room is very large and decorative plaster is planned to be applied in certain portions.
This method can be used to create imitation of brickwork. Simply glue the wall parallel to the floor with strips of tape to create even horizontal lines. And then, using masking tape, make future vertical seams. This way you end up with a lot of small bricks, as if it were real brickwork.
After a certain surface treatment can be applied textured plaster. Fine quartz sand must be included in the decorative plaster. The material must be applied to the entire working area. It is not necessary to make perfectly smooth and level the solution.
All imperfections and irregularities will be hidden in the next working steps, and the remaining minuses will become part of the textured masonry.
After applying the decorative plaster, start working with a stiff brush. While the solution is still wet, lightly touch it with a brush, leaving not too deep grooves on its surface. Thus, the effect of a certain roughness will appear.
To smooth the resulting texture, lightly rub the coating with a trowel. But this must be done when the solution begins to dry out a little.
The end result is a smoother and more even surface. If this is not done, in some places the wall will be too rough, and the drawing will turn out to be strange.
Next, you need to remove the tape. For a person who is doing this for the first time, this task will not be easy. At this stage, you will need a wallpaper knife.
It is very important to remove all the tape before the solution dries.
If you did everything correctly, then you have a wall with white decorative stones of different sizes with white seams. After that, let the coating dry completely, and only then sand it.
Unpainted decorative masonry does not look very nice. To do this, you need paint in four different shades, but one shade.
Randomly paint the wall in various places up to one third of the wall. Do the job so that some empty spots remain, rather than solid colored stones. Apply all the paints in turn.
And with the last layer of paint, the darkest one, paint over the entire wall.
But do not apply this paint with spots, but only paint over all the resulting empty stripes.
Thus, the overflow of different shades is obtained. Next, remove excess paint from the wall, this will help show the texture. All white seams should be painted with a darker paint. After that, a small amount of light paint is applied to the stones, for a more distinct selection of the texture. Next, you need to paint shadows on the stones using dark paint.
The end result is a masonry wall made of decorative plaster.
There are now other techniques for simulating stucco masonry. These are special models and forms made of plastic.
Working with such forms is quite simple. A certain layer of mortar is applied to the wall, and then, while it is not dry, a plastic mold is applied to it.
By creating pressure on the shape, it turns out to squeeze out a certain profile of the stones.
There are shapes of different sizes on the market, for example, for one stone or for several pieces at once. Of course, with a large shape, getting relief is much easier and faster. And the stones in these shapes can be large or small.
Models are used to create not volumetric, but flat relief.
These layouts have a rectangular shape of even masonry or an uneven stone shape.
After you have applied the plaster to the wall, attach the model to it and draw along the edge with a knife. Next, close to the borders of the previous masonry, attach the layout, and again draw the knife around the perimeter. And so on until the end of the laying.
After the whole wall is ready, select all the boundaries with sharper lines.
With the help of special tools, removing excess mortar, you can make seams of various sizes and shapes. This procedure is the same as for removing adhesive tape.
After all the procedures, the plaster dries, processed and painted as we described above.
This completes the process of forming decorative masonry. We hope that our article will help you create a unique and original interior in your home.
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