Often nowadays, the walls in a frame house are not made of sufficient thickness, this is especially important in regions of Siberia.
What is the minimum and optimal width of the inner and outer walls? Let's examine this issue in more detail
The technique of construction of frame houses actively used today prompts many potential homeowners inquire about their performance.
First of all, of course, everyone is interested in the question of how warm and comfortable such a frame dwelling will be.
Therefore, most of the questions come down to the main thing: how thick are the walls of a frame house?
This question cannot be given a specific and precise answer. The problem is that there are many different technologies for building structures and wall cladding with a wide variety of materials.
It is clear that they all have their own performance characteristics, and have different thicknesses. The final thickness of a particular wall is the sum of the total size of all wall materials.
Consider various options for technological solutions and determine the numbers typical for different types of frame structures.
What is the structure of the wall of a frame dwelling?
It should be noted that regardless of the specific type of construction, the main principle of the structure for all walls is the same.
Thanks to him, the structure is reliable and durable, protected from wind and moisture, and has a low heat transfer. Even in the harsh conditions of the northern climate, a house built using the aforementioned technology turns out to be warm, cozy and comfortable. At the same time, the thickness of wall insulation in different cases can be very different.
Various technologies are supposed to be used in frame construction. Depending on the characteristic features of each, different building and finishing materials are required.
They are chosen not only taking into account the external attractiveness and aesthetics, but taking into account their working and operational qualities.
It is important to know exactly for what specific purposes the building is being built.
Maybe this is a neat country house exclusively for summer residence. Then the requirements for it will be peculiar, its walls may well be lightweight.
If it is a solid structure, then the size and thickness of the walls are calculated in accordance with the bearing load of the frame.
If a solid building is planned for year-round living, or a two-story cottage, or a house with an attic, then in addition to strength qualities, it is necessary to take into account the mandatory need for insulation. In this case, the thickness of the walls will depend on the massiveness and size of the timber, and on the thickness of the insulation used.
How to correctly determine the thickness of the walls of the future structure? The calculations necessarily take into account such an indicator as the coefficient of thermal conductivity of the materials used.
There is another interesting design option for a frame house - using Canadian technology. Its meaning is that for the construction of such buildings, industrially manufactured sip panels are used.
When using this technology, the thickness of the bearing walls will be determined by the size of the finished panels themselves.
Each frame structure is based on a well-thought-out engineering calculation, on the basis of which the specific structure of the wall and the material from which it will be made is determined.
Only good thoughtful and thoroughly carried out engineering calculation can be fundamental in the process of choosing materials for the construction of walls.
We will discuss various options for erecting walls of frame structures when choosing a particular technology used.
The use of frame-panel board method of building houses is considered one of the actively demanded.
This is easy to explain: they have excellent performance. The structure itself is quite simple, the house is built quite quickly, there is no need to hire special equipment, and a large number of workers are not required.
This method is perfect for building a small house in the country plot, and for the construction of a capital residential building for permanent, all-season living.
The wall thickness of these houses varies in the range from 140 to 160 mm - this is not counting the thickness of finishing materials, both internal and external.
Those who doubt the ability of frame houses to reliably retain heat, you need to know that a wall of a frame house with a thickness of 160 mm corresponds to a brickwork of two meters.
This method of erecting housing assumes that a base of beams is additionally used for sheathing the frame with 25 mm boards for the supporting structure , OSB boards or chipboard with a thickness of 16-18 mm . All cavities inside the structure are laid with insulation.
In such structures, all important dimensions of the bearing wall are calculated taking into account the working coefficient of the insulation and the bearing loads of the entire structure.
For houses of year-round use, the thickness of the walls, together with the outer and inner cladding, ranges from 182 to 200 mm.
Outside and inside, the structures of such walls are usually sheathed with a variety of finishing materials.
For interior upholstery, a wooden lining or drywall is used, the outside is trimmed with a block house, siding or other materials. Thermal insulation material can also be used between the main wall and the curtain wall for additional insulation.
This technology is rarely used for the construction of houses today. It is mainly used for the construction of various outbuildings. For the construction of residential buildings, this scheme continues to be the most economical among others.
Slag, sawdust and expanded clay can act as a heater in such a construction method. Its most modern version is a free-flowing non-combustible cellulose filler. Such frames are often sheathed with a slab, then materials for interior decoration and facade are used.
The thickness of the walls in such structures can be from 150 to 200 mm, not counting the thickness of the insulation and decoration.
A special feature of this method is the use of panels of the same name.
They are manufactured industrially, their thickness can vary from 50 to 200 mm. The specific indicator depends on the selected project.
A separate plus of this application of this construction method is that the construction takes place rather quickly. Such a house is quite within the power to build on your own. The main thing is to know the order and sequence of all manipulations, and strictly follow them.
Built according to all the rules, such a house will serve faithfully for many years. It will be quite comfortable and convenient to live in it.
In the climatic conditions of Russia, frame houses can be built in two versions, slightly differing in their purpose ...
It is a summer home and a year-round home. The latter is, of course, a more solid structure, for the arrangement of which various effective insulating materials are used.
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