The first thing we pay attention to when we meet a person or any object (car, house) is the appearance ... In residential buildings, the facade, wall decoration material, quality, color, decor and other details are responsible for the first impression.
Each of us prefers to live in a beautiful house, be it a high-rise building or a private building.
The owners of private houses have one significant advantage - they can choose the exterior finish at their discretion, making their dreams come true.
For example, ideas and types of facades of one-story houses can be spied on various Internet resources, or you can contact the developer company to see their offers.
There is such a wide selection of goods on the market that it seems that such a variety can satisfy everyone. In such a situation, the question remains, which material to choose for facade decoration? Before deciding on the type of cladding, you should study the features of the climate of the building region, choose the number of storeys of the house, its height, structure, and so on. Private construction uses in practice far from the materials that are suitable for high-rise buildings and office centers.
The choice of materials for the facades of one-story houses directly depends on the insulation materials, materials used for the construction of the house itself, its structure, external load, exposure to atmospheric precipitation, ultraviolet rays, wind.
The quality of materials for the facade of the house is determined by the following criteria:
All the negative influence of rain, snow, wind and sun is felt in full by the decoration of the facade of the building. With all this, the appearance of the house must maintain its presentability. When choosing materials for exterior decoration, pay attention to the parameters of resistance to fading and withstanding surges in air temperatures.
For example, for cladding frame houses, materials are selected that are capable of providing an air gap for ventilation of the facade. The same tactic is used when building stone houses. For houses of this type, foam and mineral wool are used as insulation.
Also, it is very important to make a choice in favor of those materials that do not emit toxic substances when burning or smoldering.
This nuance should be taken into account if you plan to do the cladding of the house yourself.
To reduce the financial costs of facing the facade of a one-story house, it is recommended to use the method of combining materials.
For example, expensive cladding is done on the visible part of the house, and the rear walls are covered with siding or plaster.
Affordable finishing materials are most popular with owners of private houses:
Plaster as a facade decoration for a house has been used since time immemorial, and still does not lose its relevance. Only the method of its manufacture, texture and color scale changes. This material can be used for finishing both single-storey buildings and high-rise buildings.
One of the reasons for the popularity of facade plaster is the speed of application to the surface.
Decorative facade plaster can be combined with other finishing materials.
Everything is so simple that even a beginner can cope with the task.
Previously, a special glue is applied to the walls, on top of which insulation is laid, then a mesh of reinforcement using dowels or an adhesive. The next step is to apply a reinforcing layer of plaster in order to improve the adhesion of materials.
It is worth mentioning the disadvantages of plaster as a facing material, because everything cannot be so wonderful.In fact, there are not so many of them. The main disadvantage is the delicacy of a plaster coat, it can be easily damaged by mechanical stress, and the layer can also be deformed in strong winds.
In addition, it is important to adhere to the rules for applying the material, otherwise wait for the appearance of cracks, chips, swelling in some places. The combined facade of a one-story house can be created using plaster and, for example, siding. It looks pretty aesthetically pleasing.
Siding has gained great popularity in the vastness of our state. First of all, thanks to its excellent appearance and ease of installation.
It is often used to decorate old houses to give them a fresh look. There is a wide selection of siding on the building materials market, but the most popular are metal and vinyl. Each of these types has its own characteristics.
Before facing the facade of the house with siding, it is necessary to carry out insulation work.
In addition, siding has a low level of fire resistance and a certain fragility.
Siding for metal facades is made of aluminum. The material is very durable, but the facade of the house also needs to be insulated, because the metal does not retain heat well. In addition, the price of metal siding is higher than that of vinyl siding. Also, there is a need to additionally ventilate the facade.
The facades of one-story houses are not decorated with aluminum siding, it is more suitable for cladding shopping and office centers. For private buildings, the best option is vinyl siding with an attractive appearance. The cladding of a one-story house can be realized in the shortest possible time, since it is very easy to assemble it.
Siding is very easy to install, each of its elements is equipped with gaps and protrusions, thanks to which they are securely attached to each other.
For facing the facades of buildings, a special brick is used.
There are many variations of such material, but their cost is not affordable for everyone, and in addition, brick laying has some difficulties and nuances that only professionals know about their business. That is, in addition to purchasing material, you will also have to pay for the work of the masters.
But, it is worth noting that facing the facade of a house with a brick guarantees a breathtaking result.
Finishing the facade with bricks ensures a long service life of the structure.
This material has its drawbacks: high cost, complexity of laying, formation of efflorescence at high humidity.
Brick cladding is not carried out on the bare walls of the house. First, they need to be sheathed with insulation, create an air space to ensure good ventilation, install fittings, and only after that start laying the facing material.
Clinker brick is one of the most demanded facing materials due to its unique characteristics.
In its production, a unique technology is used, in which the brick acquires a high level of strength and resistance to negative environmental influences.
The disadvantages include the difficulty of laying and the high cost of the material. In addition, the facade must be pre-prepared before facing work, namely: sheathed with insulation and covered with a waterproofing membrane. After that, you need to fix the wooden guides in the horizontal and vertical directions.
Clinker tiles are laid on wooden slats, and the size of the cell between them should be equal to the dimensions of the clinker.
This is the simplest option for cladding the walls of the house. The modern building materials market offers customers high-quality panels made of stone, metal, porcelain stoneware, and polyvinyl chloride. The dimensions of the panels are large, which in turn makes it possible to cope with the finishing relatively quickly.
No additional maintenance required.
Note. When choosing panels, pay attention to the fact that there is a division into types intended for use in different climatic zones.
Cladding panels are not suitable for all types of houses. For example, the facades of one-story wooden houses (timber, frame) require ventilation, otherwise the material will start to rot. Not all cladding options are suitable for specific applications.
Block houses are most often faced with bricks, clinker tiles or plastered.
Modern styles of building facades are aimed at creating an eye-pleasing look in conjunction with a kind of industrialism. A peculiar mixture of different stylistic solutions - minimalism, hi-tech, loft, classic, chalet, country, allows you to get comfortable housing, and most importantly, attractive.
For a modern home, add more glass, and even use it as interior partitions.
This will visually expand the space, fill it with light. Also, don't forget about metal in the interior and facade cladding.
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