There are many types of floor finishes on the modern market, but this one is perhaps the most durable and aesthetic.
A room with this floor seems complete and elegant. Such a floor does not swell, is not afraid of scratches and dents. Under this floor, a warm floor system is laid.
The most interesting thing is that you can make the self-leveling floor yourself.
Let's talk about this further ...
There are two types of such floors, matte and glossy.
Fairly durable floors, they are ready to use after pouring in an hour. The pouring process does not depend on temperature; it can range from + 25C to -25C. They are used for filling construction areas, as they release toxins when heated.
These floors do not attract dust and are waterproof.
Before you are going to make a self-leveling floor, be sure to talk with people who already have this floor, read the reviews and in no way If so, do not purchase mixtures from unverified manufacturers.
Self-leveling floor without underfloor heating system is very cold, it's not comfortable to walk on it without shoes. Covering the floor with carpets or paths is also not always appropriate, since some people ask the masters to make a 3D drawing on it.
People of average income, most likely, will not want to do this type of floor in their home, since it is not budgetary. Of course, combining self-leveling floors with other types of floors will help reduce the price.
Self-leveling floors are mainly used in kitchens and bathrooms, as there is a high risk of water leakage.
Since the surface of the self-leveling floor is glossy, there is a risk that someone from the household may fall. Therefore, you should not install it in a house where there are elderly people.
Disadvantages of self-leveling floors
Of course, there are no ideal floor coverings and self-leveling floors also have negative quality.
Self-leveling floor is not an environmentally friendly product.
If you decide on filling this floor, it is necessary to seriously approach the choice of materials, since they are very often faked. So, let's look at everything in order.
First, you need to understand what functionality the room or room will have, this is necessary in order to select the appropriate labeling for the mixture.
Self-leveling floor - universal and has a wide range of applications.
Before laying the compound, it is necessary to prepare the base .
Since flooded floors require an even base, a self-leveling floor has been developed for this.
Such a mixture is the base under the self-leveling floor, it fills all the unevenness well.
Positive qualities :
Thanks to the addition of plasticizers to the mix, the floors have low shrinkage after drying.
In rooms where moisture is expected to collect, it is not recommended to use a gypsum-based mixture.
In other rooms, the use of such material will be possible.
There are two options of mass - this is a mass that is manually leveled and self-leveling.
A self-leveling mixture needs an accurate weight calculation, because it is laid at a time, without re-filling.
To calculate the number of bags of the mixture, add 10-15% to the resulting figure, then divide the result by the kilograms indicated on the package of the mixture.
Required tools for work:
For these tools, you also need to take a wide needle spatula and protective equipment for hands, eyes, nose.
Materials to have on hand:
It is crushed with a puncher , large pieces are removed, dust is collected with a vacuum cleaner.
Reinforced concrete slab
Produce a primer with a special composition in two layers. The second layer of the composition is not applied until the first is dry.
After removing the debris, a damper tape is attached to the walls to relieve the stress of the future slab.
When working in a wooden structure, waterproofing must be done, since wooden boards do not tolerate moisture. The floorboards are strengthened, the joints are putty, the skirting boards are removed, the whole floor is impregnated with glue and covered with a special film.
It is necessary to check the fastening of each tile, remove unsuitable ones, clean empty places of debris, then fill with putty.
When pouring the self-leveling floor, do not open the windows, because the mass will not be distributed as it should. The humidity in the room when filling the floor should not exceed 80%.
There are no strict data on indoor temperature.
Pour dry mixture for self-leveling floor into water in small batches, stirring thoroughly with a mixer. Knead the mixture for 10-15 minutes so that there are no lumps.
The finished mass should not be too thick or too thin to distribute well on the surface.
When pouring the floor, you must act quickly and smoothly otherwise you won't get the desired result.
To level the self-leveling floor, it will be necessary to use a needle roller to expel air and a wide spatula to distribute the mixture in the corners. The floor is poured without missing a millimeter. After maturing, the floor is covered with polymer varnish.
Printouts for floors with a 3D pattern are made in advance, the image is glued to a special surface and covered with epoxy varnishes and resins.
The process of pouring floors can not be called too complicated, but you still need to take into account some of the nuances that we described in the article.
If you are not confident in your abilities, it is better to hire proven masters.
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