types and characteristics + Photo and Video

types and characteristics + Photo and Video Nowadays it is difficult to imagine a house without climatic equipment, especially if it is very hot in the region of residence in summer. Air conditioners help create a comfortable indoor climate and weather the heat more easily.

The types of air conditioners are different, depending on the functional features, location and purpose.

Modern manufacturers do not skimp on investing in research that helps to successfully run a business and delight consumers with high-quality technology.

Types and characteristics of air conditioners

Inverter wall air conditioners

Operate in such a way that the alternating electric voltage develops into constant, which makes it possible to form a current of the desired frequency.

This contributes to a change in the frequency that rotates the compressor-type motor. Thus, the technique can change its performance. The air conditioner is regulated smoothly.

Non-inverter wall-mounted air conditioners help maintain a comfortable temperature by cycling the compressor on and off. The disadvantage of this type of air conditioner is a high power consumption, difficulty in setting, the air temperature changes very slowly.

The advantage is the relative cheapness compared to the inverter type.

Types of household air conditioners for an apartment

Such air conditioners are suitable for use in houses, cottages, apartments, offices, etc.

Wall-mounted air conditioners

types and characteristics + Photo and Video The best option for small rooms and are subdivided into multi-split and split -systems. The split system has 2 blocks (internal and external). The outdoor unit contains elements that make a lot of noise.

The inner one has several more blocks that join the outer one. This ensures that the appearance of the room is preserved, for example, air conditioners in the form of pictures attract attention.

Window air conditioners monoblock

These are ancient types of climatic technology that are installed on the window opening. In this case, the compressor goes outside, and the control panel into the house. Modern window types work almost silently, which cannot be said about older types.

The advantages include a low price for equipment and ease of installation.

Floor-standing air conditioners for an apartment

The main advantage of this type is ease of installation, ease of setup and connection, as well as mobility. Manufacturers have equipped the air conditioner with wheels, which allows you to move the equipment freely from room to room. The disadvantages include noise and high price (when compared with split systems).

Technical features of air conditioners

Compressor is the main component of an air conditioner.

Scroll compressors are considered the best, which are distinguished by an extremely long service life, quiet operation, no vibration, as well as economy in energy consumption.

When choosing an air conditioner, experts advise focusing on the noise level. The outdoor unit of the equipment has a noise rating of 38 to 54 dB, and the indoor unit has a noise rating of 26 to 36 dB. If the air conditioner is planned to be installed in a bedroom or children's room, these indicators should remain fundamental in the choice.

types and characteristics + Photo and Video The automatic system is also an important part of the air conditioner.

Long term of use entails leakage of freon, or in other words, refrigerant. High-quality equipment is configured in such a way that it can cope with this problem on its own, namely, stop the compressor from turning on. In the absence of such a function, the equipment will become unusable, since its operation without freon is impossible.

Note. Freon is classic R-22 and ozone-safe.

The price of the second type is much higher.

High-quality climatic technology is equipped with protection against power surges. This allows you to save the air conditioner settings by enabling restart in automatic mode.

Wall-mounted split systems

The design of this type of equipment has from 2 to 6 blocks, which are connected by copper pipes, and also has an outdoor and indoor unit. The outdoor unit is a compressor unit and a condenser, which is mounted on the outside of the house.

The indoor unit is an evaporator that is installed in the most suitable place in the house.

Split multi system provides for the presence of several elements inside that work in different rooms at the same time.

Split air conditioners are manufactured with one unit inside, and provide climate control in one room. Compressor power affects the overall system power.

Subtypes of split systems

  • types and characteristics + Photo and Video Cassette split system.

    The system is installed in a stretch ceiling. Works very quietly, cooling or heating the room. The control is carried out using the remote control panel.

  • Channel split system. The system consists of two blocks.

    The outdoor one attracts the air flow, the indoor unit, through the supply and distribution air ducts, works to condition the room.

Additional functions of split systems - filling the air with ions, increasing humidity and purification.


  • The minimum noise level that allows you to install the air conditioner in the rest rooms.
  • Installation and connection of several units at once, for the possibility of air conditioning several rooms at the same time.
  • They have a wide range of functions.


  • Expensive equipment and installation.
  • When the external unit breaks down, the internal elements stop working.

Inverter air conditioners

This type of air conditioner is equipped with the ability to set settings for adjusting the compressor force, providing high performance.The main principle of the compressor is flexibility in operation, and the ability to make the temperature in the house according to the specified parameters in an extremely short time. Then comes the maintenance of the optimal indicator when the compressor is running at low speeds.

This saves the user from constantly changing the temperature by turning the compressor on and off. Electricity consumption and noise levels are reduced and the lifespan is increased.

Note. Saving electricity in inverter air conditioners is 20%.


  • Rapid temperature adjustment and maintaining at the proper level.

  • Economical and reduced load on the power grid.
  • Low noise level, which is ensured by low compressor speed.
  • Long service life.


  • Sensitivity to voltage surges, as a result of which there is a break in the functioning of electrical assemblies.
  • The air conditioner cannot be started when the temperature is extremely high or low.

  • Difficulty in repairing in the event of a system failure, as parts are not standardized.

Wall-mounted air conditioners for allergy sufferers

An air conditioner with air purification function will be the best choice for allergy sufferers. Such a climate system is equipped with room humidification functions, thereby purifying the air from various allergens that interfere with normal life: dust, bacteria, pollen.

For example, you can purchase a split-system with an external unit and fine filters that are able to catch the smallest elements in the air.

Types of air conditioners with filters

types and characteristics + Photo and Video Air conditioner with a plasma filter and an ionizer.

Has great functionality, ridding the room of mold, bacteria and viruses. There is no need to change the filters; it is enough to rinse and dry.

Antibacterial filter for air conditioner. They are used to clean the premises from pollen, and also inhibit the growth and spread of bacteria.

Deodorizing filter in the air conditioner.

Ideal for those who clearly perceive various odors that can be unpleasant: cigarette smoke, perfume, perfumed cosmetics, animals. Filters need to be changed constantly.

Multi-stage purification filter

Has the advantages of all the above filters.

Note. Air conditioners for allergy sufferers have the function of air ionization.

Negative ionic compounds fill the room with freshness, giving the feeling of being in the forest or in the mountains.

Floor-standing air conditioners for an apartment

This type of air conditioner is used when installation of conventional wall-mounted ones is not possible. This is a type of mobile air conditioning equipment that is placed on the floor. Most often they are used in rooms where it is impossible to make changes to the facades of buildings. types and characteristics + Photo and Video


  • types and characteristics + Photo and Video No setting required.

  • Conventional mobility.You just need to choose a location and connect it to the mains.
  • Easy to repair.


  • High noise level. The equipment is located indoors, so the audibility is high.

  • Takes up a lot of space and is therefore not suitable for small rooms.

Mobile air conditioners for apartments

The equipment is produced with one or two units.

A monoblock air conditioner is mounted in one place. Two-block ones have external and internal elements, which are connected using flexible pipes. The outdoor unit is taken out of the room and does not need to be additionally secured.


The main advantage of such air conditioners is the ability to transfer from one room to another. The complete set includes a control panel and a timer, with which you can set the on and off mode. Also, they have the function of air ionization, cleaning filters, regulation of the humidity level in the room. Twin-block models boast low noise levels, which makes them more attractive than monoblock models.

In addition, two-unit mobile air conditioners are characterized by a lower noise level compared to monoblock models.


  • Low power, so it can only cope with small rooms.
  • Condensation occurs due to the lack of moisture removal pipes due to the mobile installation. Moisture is collected in a specially designed container
  • Noisy operation of the monoblock wall-mounted air conditioner, since the compressor is in the room. types and characteristics + Photo and Video