Types and materials + Photo and Video

Types and materials + Photo and Video DIY spiral staircase - types and diagrams + Video. Spiral staircases are the most non-standard option of all existing today. This type of construction has many more pros than cons. The spiral staircase looks aesthetically pleasing, takes up much less space and is functional, which means that it is ideal for small houses. Due to the fact that the design itself is simple, you can easily do it yourself.

Various materials and textures can be used for the manufacture of stairs. Depending on what project you are going to bring to life, you can create an unsurpassed masterpiece of the spiral staircase with your own hands.

Materials for making

If you already liked some version on the Internet or from friends, it can be modified by adding original decorative elements. When using only high-quality materials and observing the required proportions, anyone who knows how to hold tools in their hands and who is at least a little familiar with drawing can make such a ladder.

We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the materials from which you can build a staircase:

Types and materials + Photo and Video In many ways, the appearance of the completed structure depends on the material chosen.

You don't have to follow tradition and make a wooden staircase. In a modern interior, the option from natural stone or metal will look great. In the past few years, there has been a trend towards creating monolithic concrete structures. An excellent result can be achieved by combining several different materials.

If you want to make the steps wooden, add metal elements to them.

Due to the fact that you will combine, you can save on expensive materials and still create a unique design. Now especially popular are spiral staircases in the house with their own hands made of glass and metal. When choosing material for a staircase, consider the dynamics of housing style. You need to use the most common material, that is, if wood, then natural, and then you will get a design that does not go out of fashion with excellent characteristics.

Not at all worse than a staircase made of polished natural stone.

Usually, only steps are made of stone, and a frame is built of metal.

Note, that although all stone structures are solid, they are too bulky.

If you make interfloor stairs, such as in high-rise buildings for general living, then in a private house they will be monolithic concrete stairs. Believe me, even this end result will please the eye.

Step-by-step instructions

This compact design perfectly combines weightlessness and strength.

We suggest that you consider step-by-step instructions on how to build a spiral staircase with your own hands from metal and wood. This option will surely bring coziness and originality into your interior. And the staircase will be made with love and with your own hands, which is good news.

The creation of a screw-type structure consists of the following important stages:

  1. Creating a project taking into account the premises and its features.
  2. Creation of a drawing or retrieval of a finished diagram.

  3. Preliminary calculation and purchase of all necessary materials.
  4. Layout and construction of the staircase.
  5. Decoration of steps and railings.
  6. Finishing work.

Before you start making a staircase or completely abandon this idea, watch a detailed video in which people share their experiences.

As practice shows, if you want to make such a design yourself is not difficult.

Each design should begin with measuring the room in which the staircase will be located. The more accurate you make the calculations, the easier it will be to work with the project. You need to take measurements together, connect your family to this business.

The process of making a spiral staircase with your own hands looks like this:

  1. It is necessary to determine the location, and the staircase should look good and perform its functions with comfort.

    On the example of a real drawing, all the details are visible, and you can imagine a future design.

  2. Types and materials + Photo and Video When calculating, provide that the height of the ladder passage should allow a person to pass without leaning, but in full growth. The length of the loop should not be less than 2 meters.
  3. Treads should be at least 60 cm in length, but not more than 150 cm.
  4. To have a center support, use a thick metal tube (with a diameter of at least 5 cm).

    If you take a pipe with a smaller diameter, the structure will not be strong. Place the support along the vertical axis as it will carry all the load.

  5. Once you have laid out and set up the ladder, you can start assembling. Fix the step frames according to the project at a certain distance. There should be at least 20 cm between them.

    When calculating, add the thickness of the steps to this distance. Add at least 5 cm.

  6. In each loop, 17-18 steps are obtained, if done according to the standard. So, to calculate the required amount, use the formula - height = 2000/17 = 120 mm = 12 cm. 2000 mm means a person's height and an additional 20 cm.

    After that, divide the resulting number by the total length of the stairs. For example, if your value is 3 meters, then you need to make 25 steps.

  7. Below you will find more detailed calculations of how to make a spiral staircase from wood and metal with your own hands.

Important! The number of steps depends not only on the calculation, but also on the height of the rooms and the type of construction. It will not be superfluous to provide for the anatomical features of all residents.

In the photo you can see how the base of the stairs will look like without steps.

Although there is a lot of work ahead, it is already clear that the staircase is beautiful and graceful.

  1. When the design and installation is over, pay special attention to the finish, namely the painting of the stairs. If you decide to use wooden elements that have a beautiful natural texture, a couple of coats of ordinary transparent varnish on the wood is enough.
  2. Sand the wood to a high gloss prior to painting.

    After that, treat the material with special agents against moisture and fungus. If the wood and elements are ugly, pre-treat them with stain. Thanks to this, even not very expensive wood will look luxurious.

Good advice! The best option would be to use parquet lacquer, as it is more abrasion resistant. But paint the metal parts of the stairs with oil-based paints and varnishes or nitro enamel in several layers.

Which tree to choose for the steps?

Surely this question worries everyone who decided to make a spiral staircase out of wood with their own hands. Of course, it will be better if you choose valuable breeds, as they will be more durable. But if this option is costly for you, you will need to spend money on additional processing of the steps. The ideal option is to use wood species such as ash, beech, hornbeam, oak. The glue array of valuable species has also proven itself excellent, since this option is cheaper and of high quality.

For those who want to save money, there is the option of installing multilayer plywood steps.

Larch staircase looks great. Although this type of wood is expensive, the price is fully justified. But with regards to pine, it is more suitable for ordinary types of stairs. This does not mean that it is short-lived.

There are cases when birch was used for steps. Each wood species has its own pros and cons, and the choice should be made in favor of financial capabilities and quality parameters available in terms of capabilities. Nevertheless, each type of wood after tinting looks like a very expensive material.

Advantages and disadvantages

The spiral staircase is rightfully considered a model of beauty and grace in the interior. The screw element performs both compositional and constructive actions.

Self-made steps will be a great accent in the room. During operation, against the background of pluses, some minuses will also emerge. Let's take a look at everything, and then decide if it's worth it.


  • The staircase does not take up much space, significantly saves space. Great for small spaces, most often placed in the corner of a room.

  • In terms of cost, it is much cheaper than a flight staircase. If you use a standard budget, you can save a lot, which is important for people with an average income.
  • There will be a free space under the stairs that can be used wisely.


  • Climbing and climbing spiral staircases is much more difficult, especially if there are no railings.
  • Descending is a risk of injury, especially for the elderly and children.

    To avoid this, do not rush and use the ladder without support.

  • If calculated incorrectly, the steps may slip. It is important that they were positioned at the correct degree without a hint of tilt. With the correct calculations, your staircase will be safe.


There are many technologies for installing a spiral staircase with your own hands.

In order for everything to work out correctly and the process was easier, each master has his own secrets and tricks. We suggest that you familiarize yourself with some of them.

We hope this will be a useful compilation for everyone who reads this article:

  1. Focus on the steps, as their location and quality will depend on how comfortable the structure as a whole will be.
  2. The material of manufacture is no less important. Whichever material you choose, it must be durable, strong and reliable.

  3. Pay particular attention to the moisture and fire resistance of the ladder. Treat the wood with impregnations if necessary.
  4. Be sure to make a handrail for the stairs so that it is easy for the elderly and children to get down / up.
  5. Fasteners must be reliable and of high quality, and nothing should stick out on the steps.
  6. Steps and base should be painted only in a clean state, you can walk with a vacuum cleaner on the surface.

  7. Inaccuracies should not be allowed when marking, otherwise the steps will creak.
  8. If wooden elements wear out, they can always be replaced. To avoid injury, try to correct any faults immediately.
  9. Use glass, wrought iron or carved wood to decorate the handrail.
  10. Regularly inspect flights of stairs and paint and clean them from blockages.


Now that you know how to build a spiral staircase in your house with your own hands, you can save money and give your housing exclusivity. In a design made with your own hands, there can be no doubt about its durability and quality. The recommendations described above will help you not to forget about everything important and buy the necessary materials, as well as correctly calculate and install.


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