Varieties of drilling rigs for water. Productive mini drilling rig is excellent for construction of shallow water wells.
Based on the available drilling methods, the rigs are classified into different types.
Read about all this in our article.
It is a triangular frame with a solid base, to which a flexible cable with a bailer and a chisel is attached. These units are easy to install and will do their job reliably.
Production equipment providing hydraulic drilling. A manual rotary unit is the most affordable option, which does not use an electric motor, and all drilling operations are performed manually. It is compact and mobile, so it is easy to transport and can be used in places with difficult access roads.
Do-it-yourself MGBU constructions have been successfully used in the development of water wells for private houses.
The advantages of such equipment are many:
The safest way to build hydraulic structures using small BA is a metal pipe equipped with a bailer. The equipment is suitable for use in areas with moving and soft ground. Byler pulls rock out of the borehole and brings it to the surface.
Percussion drilling is a labor-intensive method of well development that has special requirements:
The main advantages of such drilling are:
Disadvantages also exist:
An efficient and safe way to develop shallow water wells on mobile and light soils with a high percentage of sand in the composition. The creation of a working channel for a hydraulic structure is carried out by a screw rod equipped with an end mill and blade elements, which are designed to lift the soil to the surface.
The screw drilling machine can be compact or large, requiring preliminary installation on special equipment.
Advantages of this method:
A hydraulic rotary unit is used to develop the well - a drilling rig equipped with a rotating bit and a rotary mechanism. Rotary drilling ensures efficient development of the borehole channel, rapid reaching the deep aquifers of the well.
In areas with loose and moving soils, in which there is still sand and clay, the well is equipped with a spoon drill - a cylindrical installation with spiral holes. For dense loamy soils, spiral drills are used that work according to the corkscrew principle. For rocky and dense soils - a pointed chisel.
This method has only two drawbacks: a significant flow rate of the well flushing solution and the probable penetration of clay particles into the aquifer.
The most effective and efficient way to create a well with a depth of at least 35 meters is to use a mini-installation for drilling wells for water, which is able to provide a penetration rate of up to 12 m / h, which is significantly higher than other methods.
The issue of drilling includes the obligatory flushing of the well in two ways (direct and reverse).
The drilling mud performs the following functions:
Motor pumps and other drilling pumping equipment are used to supply the washing solution to the channel.
To create a rig with your own hands, you need to make the main components and working tools:
Important! Some structural elements for the drilling unit cannot be manufactured by hand, so they must be purchased in advance.
Self-assembly of the structure provides for the preparation of a section of pipe that will be used as the basis for the drilling rig.
All work is performed in the following order:
Important! After completing the drilling work and after reaching a depth of one meter, you replace the tip with a longer piece of pipe.
To make an electric drill rig yourself, it is recommended to start with finding working materials and tools :
To supply water to the well in a continuous mode, the drilling unit is to be connected to a gearbox that acts as an electric drive. The channel is cleared with Beiler.
Drilling rig production is carried out as follows:
Important! It is recommended to make the screw two turns to prevent its breakage when drilling a shaft at a sufficiently deep depth. Next, the drilling rig is launched - drilling a depression into the ground with a gradual expansion of the rod.
The small-sized drilling rig is a productive equipment for the development of an aquifer in a private area.
The drilling rigs are simple and reliable in design. However, there are significant differences between the units in terms of cost, technical parameters and service life.
Important! When developing a well with a depth of more than 8 meters, the drilling unit is installed on a special tripod made of metal or wood. In addition, making homemade drilling rigs is not difficult, the main thing is to prepare high-quality components and follow the step-by-step instructions correctly.
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