Types of oven cladding in the bath, materials and characteristics: Tips + Photo and Video

Types of oven cladding in the bath, materials and characteristics: Tips + Photo and Video The bathhouse is an integral part of the Russian tradition of healing the body and spirit, a permanent building on a suburban area, which many want to possess. The issue of decorating the main structural element is discussed at the design stage.

The lining of the sauna stove plays not only an aesthetic role, but also a protective one. Often, bathhouse owners do not bother and use simple plaster, which cracks over time, and the cracks are covered up from time to time.

The modern market pleases with an abundance of various materials for lining the stove in the bath, which are endowed with excellent performance characteristics.

The most popular among them are metal, wood, brick, tile, stone.

Sauna stove made of metal

This is the simplest and most traditional version of building a stove in a bath.

The design has several advantages that make it popular:

  • ease of installation;
  • ease of use;
  • heating in a short period of time;
  • good traction;
  • high efficiency;
  • budget option;
  • economy in fuel consumption.

In order for the structure to work properly, it is preliminarily prepared for operation, and the initial characteristics are improved. We are talking about covering the frame with natural stone or brick.

Given the high cost of these materials, not everyone can afford to build a furnace out of them. And cladding will require much less of the same brick, so this option is quite acceptable for those who want to save money.

The lining of the iron stove in the bath is indispensable for several reasons:

  • the metal becomes hot quickly, so being in the room becomes unbearable;
  • rapid heating gives way to rapid cooling. To maintain a certain temperature, you will have to constantly lay firewood;
  • the cladding will help optimize the heating process and maintain a comfortable temperature in the bath, the air humidity will be maintained at an optimal level;
  • finishing materials will provide protection against burns that can occur when accidentally touching a hot surface of a metal oven.

Facing the sauna stove made of stone

The choice of finishing materials, as well as their quantity, depends on the indicators of the quality operation of the stove in the bath.

It goes without saying that the financial side of the issue plays an important role, but the first place should be given to the performance of the structure, given that the structure is not temporary.

Sauna stove must have the following characteristics:

  • Types of oven cladding in the bath, materials and characteristics: Tips + Photo and Video stability to high temperature indicators;
  • high thermal conductivity;
  • resistance to mechanical stress;
  • strength and reliability;
  • aesthetics;
  • moisture resistance ...

The following materials are suitable for finishing the stove: brick, tiles, tiles, natural stone, wood.

Each material has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Facing the stove in the bath with bricks

The brick has an aesthetic appearance and is suitable both for the construction of stoves and for cladding. For laying on the surface, there is no need to install a reinforcing mesh. It is important to take into account that the material is quite heavy and exerts a significant load on the foundation. It is this nuance that must be taken into account at the stage of creating a drawing.


Facing bricks are used to create a decorative finish for a sauna stove.

Decorative brick for facing the stove in the bath is able to transform the stove beyond recognition, make it a kind of work of art. Such material is not inferior in beauty to marble or granite. In order to cover a metal furnace, fine-grained dry sand is poured between its walls and the brick to protect it from metal deformation, which inevitably occurs when exposed to high temperatures.

In addition, the interlayer helps to transfer heat into the steam room.

Decorating the sauna stove with tiles

Tiles are a versatile material that is often used for different purposes. Its popularity is due to its affordable cost and excellent performance. The disadvantage of ceramic tiles for facing a sauna stove is the limitation of the heating temperature. The elements are not equipped with locks for connection, so the material deforms when exposed to high temperatures.

Experts do not recommend using ceramics for facing sauna stoves, but for fireplaces it is quite a suitable option.

Clinker tiles are ideal for finishing the oven in the sauna. A variety of textures and colors allows you to choose the best option for a steam room. The material is produced with imitation of various types of facing: brick, tiles, wood, marble, granite. Clinker tiles have an increased level of wear resistance, strength and durability.


The outer clinker coating is either glossy or matt.

To create an original and affordable finishing of a sauna stove, a combination of ceramic tiles with clinker is used. In order for the material to be reliably fixed on the surface of the stove, a high quality adhesive composition with a high level of fire resistance is selected. This is not worth saving on, otherwise you will have to constantly update the fallen off tile.

The installation process is not particularly difficult, if desired, the owners of the bath can cope on their own.

Do-it-yourself tiles for facing the stove in a bathhouse

Furnace makers have been looking for a suitable replacement for ceramic tiles for a long time, so that they can withstand high temperatures and was not deformed. The task was simplified with the advent of tiles. In other words, this is an ordinary tile made of clay with high heat resistance. The elements have a volumetric shape, the seamy side is equipped with protrusions called rump.

With their help, the tiles are combined with each other and form a continuous masonry.

Tiles are laid simultaneously with the construction of a stove or fireplace. This makes it possible to strengthen the bearing wall of the oven. To connect the structure with the main masonry, wire antennae are used, which are placed in the seams between the bricks. The tiles are connected with so-called steel staples and fixed with cement mortar.

The variety of colors, patterns and textures of tiles is surprising. With such a variety, you can choose any material and make the sauna stove unique.

Stone for facing a sauna stove

Natural or artificial stone is an excellent material for finishing a stove in a sauna. Natural material is highly valued for its unique characteristics, among which are strength and durability. Imitation of natural stone is a modern, inexpensive finishing material, which is almost in no way inferior to the previous one, meets the requirements for operating furnaces, withstands high temperatures and transfers heat.

Stone-faced stoves look breathtaking and admirable. When heated, natural stone releases heat and energy, and has a beneficial effect on the human body.

Important !

The adhesive composition for fixing the stone must have thermal stability.

Natural stone for facing the stove in the bath:

  • marble;
  • slate;
  • basalt;
  • sandstone ;
  • talcochlorite ;
  • granite.

Artificial stone is preferred when the task is to cut the budget for building a stove in a bath.

Considering the strength and reliability indicators that modern materials are endowed with, this option is considered one of the best. In addition, natural stone has a large weight, respectively, a solid foundation is erected under the bath.

Wooden facing of the sauna stove

Wood is used in various areas of construction. The material is suitable not only as fuel for the stove, but also for a beautiful finish. The tree has strength and lightness at the same time, therefore it does not significantly affect the base of the bath.

When choosing wood as a decor, do not forget that the material does not have high thermal conductivity, so you should take a balanced approach to translating the idea into reality. Wood is best suited for creating accents, flooring, ceiling, steam room or couch corners.

Many people know about the low level of fire resistance of wood, therefore it is not recommended to use the material near a source of open fire. Wood trims remote areas of the room, having previously treated the element with fire retardants.

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