Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Siding is the most popular material for facade cladding. The overwhelming majority of home owners seek to save money on finishing work and do them with their own hands. Therefore, it is important to know how to properly sheathe a house with siding using all the necessary components. But the first question to be solved at the beginning of work: the choice of the main material - panels.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Types of siding

Types of siding

Manufacturers of finishing materials for facades offer several types of siding:

  • metal;

    Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

    Metal siding

  • vinyl:

    Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

    Vinyl siding

    Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

    Vinyl blockhouse

    Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

    Vinyl siding for brick

  • basement (fiber cement or asbestos cement).

    Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

    Basement siding

Among the descriptions of this finishing material, one can also find such a variety as wood. However, according to many experts, this material has a completely different name: lining, which can have different profiles and sections. The siding category is erroneously classified as a lining with a rounded (under a log) or rectangular (under a bar) profile. After installation, these materials also form a solid relief plane of the wall. Which is misleading about the classification of these products.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Wooden siding

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Meranti wooden siding

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Wooden block house

Currently, the most popular products of the following siding manufacturers are:

  • Snow Bird;

    Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

    Vinyl siding Snow Bird

  • Docke ("Docke");

    Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

    Döcke

  • Northside;
  • Fine Ber;

    Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

    FineBer plinth siding

  • "Ortho";
  • "Grand Line";

    Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

    Vinyl siding Grand Line

  • "Alta Profile";
  • Tekos.

    Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

    Tecos siding

The enterprises are located on the territory of the Russian Federation. Fine Ber - in Novosibirsk, "Nordside" - in the Leningrad region, "Dyok" - in the Moscow region, "Orto" - in Samara and the Chelyabinsk region. Most of the production facilities operate using foreign technologies: Döcke - according to the German one developed by the German concern of the same name, Tekos - according to the Belgian one, "Nordside" - according to the American one.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Ortho siding

There are not many enterprises working on Russian technologies.

This is primarily due to the fact that all manufacturers seek to secure the support of a more influential production with its own brand. In this case, the sale of products will be more successful. Therefore, in Russia, you can buy any siding with confidence. It will meet European quality.

Any type of siding requires the installation of a ventilated facade.

This is a design that provides optimal ventilation and vapor permeability of the walls.The ventilated facade is a multi-layer cake consisting of lathing, heat and vapor barrier, facing materials.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Ventilation facade scheme

If the building is located in a region with a warm climate, use a thin-layer heat insulator or do not use it at all. For regions with a cold climate, at least 15 cm of a layer of insulation is required. Any type of siding can be used as a facing material for the facade: metal or vinyl.

But the base for its attachment must be the above-described ventilated facade.

Additional elements of siding

Regardless of what the siding is made of, the technology of its installation requires a number of components. In addition to ordinary panels, you need:

  • starting;
  • finishing;
  • connecting (or H-profile);
  • J-profile;
  • F-profile;
  • soffits;
  • platbands;
  • near-window strips;
  • inner corners;
  • outer corners.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Additional elements for siding

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Additional elements for siding

Prices for additional elements for siding

Additional elements for siding

Features and characteristics of metal siding

Metal siding is chosen for various reasons. But the main ones are the strength of panels and components, frost resistance, moisture resistance, aesthetically pleasing appearance.

The relative disadvantages of these products include the ability of the metal to heat up under the influence of cold. But this problem is solved by using high-quality thermal insulation materials.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Type of metal siding on the facade of the house

The most popular is metal siding made of thin sheets of galvanized steel. The outer side of such panels is covered with a special protective compound that prevents corrosion. The panel covering is able to withstand significant temperature changes: from -60 ° C to + 80 ° C.

The most popular panels are protected from pural (up to 50 microns), plastisol (up to 200 microns), polyester (25 microns).

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Metal siding under a log

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Metal siding under a tree

In addition to steel, the market offers copper (oxidized or patinated) and aluminum siding. The latter is the least in demand, as it is a rather soft material, on which scratches and dents remain.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

The structure of vertical aluminum siding

When choosing metal siding, you must make sure in advance that the supporting base on which it will be installed , is able to withstand a fairly significant weight of this facing material. You shouldn't worry about the service life of the panels: manufacturers guarantee at least 50 years of flawless service.

What you need to pay attention to when choosing metal siding

Having opted for metal siding, the buyer rarely thinks about the cost of additional elements that are necessary to give the facade a complete and attractive species. However, their price is only slightly lower than that of the panels. The number of components required is large. These are starting strips, finishing, cornice, soffits, window, external and internal corners.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Additional elements for metal siding

Without installing these components, you cannot make a high-quality facade cladding.

You can calculate the number of additional elements yourself or using the services of a point of sale. Qualified specialists work in every store of building and finishing materials. With the help of computer programs, they will be able to accurately calculate the amount of material needed to clad a particular building.

Prices for metal siding

Metal siding

Features and characteristics of vinyl siding

Vinyl siding gained popularity at the turn of the 60s and 70s of the last century. This finishing material has a lot of advantages.

The main ones are low price and aesthetic appeal. Therefore, this type of facade cladding is so popular among middle-class private developers.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

The composition of vinyl siding

All types of vinyl siding are made from polyester sheets with a thickness of not more than 1 mm. The average length of the panels is 305 cm. You can also find other standard sizes: 3 m, but not more than 4 m.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Dimensions of zinc siding

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Dimensions and other characteristics of vinyl siding

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Options for different brands of vinyl siding

Vinyl siding has all the characteristics necessary to provide quality facade protection. But it also has its drawbacks. Among them:

  • the ability to lose color saturation under the influence of sunlight;
  • fragility in frost;
  • susceptibility to burning.

These "minuses" are not present in metal siding. However, it does not look as "cozy" and "warm" as vinyl does.

Vinyl siding prices from different manufacturers

Manufacturer Manufacturing location Model panels Cost (rubles per unit)
Fineber RF, Vologda Fineber from 140 rubles.
"Nordside" RF, St. Petersburg NordSide from 145 rubles.
"Alta Profile" Russian Federation, Moscow "Alta Siding"

KANADA +

from 155 RUB

from 180 rubles.

Tecos Belgium Tecos Luxe from 160 rubles.

Novik Canada With a front surface that imitates brickwork or natural stone. from 800 rub.

One of the main advantages of vinyl siding is light weight. Therefore, this finishing material is so easy to install. If you have a certain skill, the panels can be installed with your own hands, without outside help.

This type of siding is also good because it is malleable to processing. Vinyl canvases can be easily cut with a jigsaw, grinder with a disc for metal, scissors for metal.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Siding is cut with scissors

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Grinder for cutting siding

Prices for angle grinders (grinders)

Angle grinders (grinders)

Types of profiles of ordinary vinyl siding panels

The front side of vinyl panels may look different. One lamella can contain only one embossed profile (protrusion in the form of a narrow board), or two or three. For example, these are panels such as double and triple "Shipboard".

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Ship board

The "Herringbone" profile is also popular with the consumer. It can also be double or triple. Among the varieties of the horizontal profile are "Scales", "Shingles", "Bar", "Log". In addition to horizontal panels, there are products with vertical profiles. For the installation of such vinyl siding, a crate is required not with vertical, but with horizontal posts.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Docke siding. Herringbone

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Shingle basement siding

Vinyl siding reviews

Vinyl siding professionals prefer two brands: Döcke and Alta Profile. Both of these brands are not satisfactory. But "Döcke" has a more complex system for assembling components, so working with this brand's siding requires special knowledge. Alta Profile's products have only one drawback: a rather meager color palette of panels.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

"Alta Profile"

About Tecos siding, one can hear the following opinion: for its very average quality, it is too expensive in price. Panels of the brand "Nordside" in practice did not live up to their name ("nord" - north). And they showed a rather weak resistance to temperature extremes and frost. Good reviews of Ortho siding, in particular Georgia and Pacific.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Siding "ORTO"

Prices for vinyl siding

Vinyl siding

Features and characteristics of fiber cement siding

Fiber cement siding is made on the basis of cement with the inclusion of cellulose fibers.

The production process involves the use of high temperatures and drying chambers. The finished products are durable, flat, resistant to temperature extremes.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Cedral Fiber Cement Siding

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Fiber Cement Siding

Fiber cement siding is intended for cladding plinths, which is included in the category of facade work. This material can also be used for wall cladding.But it does not look as attractive as vinyl and metal.

Therefore, it is rarely used as a facade. However, they are often sheathed with the walls of garages, production and utility rooms.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Structured Fiber Cement Siding

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Cedral Fiber Cement Siding is a man-made replacement for wood

Installation of fiber cement siding is practically no different from similar works with metal and vinyl. The same requirements for the presence of lathing, steam and thermal insulation of walls. Three brands of fiber cement siding are best known in Russia:

  • Nichiha;
  • Eternit;
  • Latonit.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Eternit fiber cement siding

Domestic production - Latonit. Nichiha is made in Japan, Eternit - in Belgium. Russian products have a lower price with decent product quality.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Fiber cement panels Latonit on the facade of a private house

The cost of panels depends on the type of protective coating used in their production. Basically, in the design of fiber cement siding there are red, brown, gray tones.

Acrylic coated panels have a higher price tag. On average, it fluctuates between 600-650 rubles per unit.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Fiber cement painted siding panels LATONIT

Installation of vinyl siding

Tools to get the job done.

  1. Bulgarian.
  2. Screwdriver.

  3. Rotary hammer (if the facade is made of brick or concrete).
  4. Building level.
  5. Metal construction square.
  6. Scissors for metal.
  7. Tape measure and pencil.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Tool for siding installation

Prices for the popular range of electric saws

Circular saw

An extremely important stage is preparation of the surface for siding installation. The final result depends on how well it will be executed: the appearance of the tiled facade. First of all, they are convinced that the bearing surface does not require any cosmetic or major repairs. If necessary, remove the old cladding. All elements of finishing of window and door openings are removed.

Facade cladding work begins with the installation of the battens, to which all finishing elements will be attached. This frame can be assembled from metal profiles that are used when installing drywall, or wooden blocks of a suitable section (from 3/3 cm to 5/5 cm).

The lathing racks are not attached directly to the walls of the building, but through special products: suspensions. In the middle of these metal plates, special holes are provided for this purpose. The suspensions are fixed only with self-tapping screws and a screwdriver.

Nails and a hammer are not used in this work.

If the frame will consist of wooden blocks, the entire lumber is covered by 1-2 times with any currently available fire-retardant agent. After which the bars must dry completely.

Sequence of work

Step 1. The attachment points of the suspensions are marked on the wall, which should be located at a distance of 40-60 cm from each other vertically and horizontals.

Thus, the step between the vertical struts of the frame will be 40-60 cm.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Marking

Upper and lower suspensions must be fixed at a distance of 15-20 cm from the corresponding wall edge. Straight lines are drawn along the marked marking lines. With the help of a level, they make sure that they are located exactly vertically.

Step 2.

Holes are drilled at the indicated attachment points of the hangers using a drill or puncher.

Step 3. Apply a suspension to each marking point so that the plate is horizontal and its central hole coincides with the hole in the wall.

Step 4. Insert a plastic dowel with a self-tapping screw in it through the suspension into the hole in the wall.

Screw in a self-tapping screw.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Suspension attachment

Step 5. Bend the side bars of the suspension, thereby giving it a U-shaped shape.

Step 6. The installation of the vertical posts of the batten starts from one of the corners of the building.

A bar or metal profile is placed between the suspension slats, aligned vertically using a level, and attached to the suspension with self-tapping screws. The easiest way to track the vertical is using a level equipped with a magnetic stripe. Such a tool can be fixed on a metal profile.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Fastening the racks of the lathing

In the places of window and door openings, the location of the battens of the lathing should follow the contours of the openings. If windows and doors have sufficiently wide slopes, the vertical frame posts should be located so as to provide the necessary slope (turn) of the slope towards the street.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Frame for siding

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Frame made of metal profile

Step 7 . Mark the line of the base by pulling a thread or drawing a line at the bottom of the wall.

Step 8. Along this line, start strips are attached to the posts of the crate. There should be a distance of 4-5 mm between these additional elements.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Low tide fix

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Start profile

Step 9. Set the outer and inner corners. When attaching siding and any components, one condition is observed: the screws cannot be pulled close to the crate. Leave a gap of 1-2 mm. It is needed to compensate for the movement of the finishing material when it is heated and cooled.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Outside corner fixing

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Inside corner

Step 10. Install the first row of siding panels. The lower end of each of them is brought into the corresponding bend of the starting bar.Then the lamella is slightly pulled up and fastened through the perforated top bar to the frame posts.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Attaching the siding panel

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

General installation rules

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

The H-profile is installed on the crate, into which the siding panels are inserted, observing a gap of 5-6 mm

Step 11 .

Install the second and subsequent rows of siding.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Installation of siding

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Facade cladding with siding

Step 12. Having reached the top of the wall, before installing the last row of panels, measure the distance from the line of the installed siding to the cornice. If it (distance) is not enough to install a solid panel, cut it. Siding is fixed.

Step 13. Install a finishing strip covering the top edge of the last row of panels.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Installing the finishing plank

Step 14. Plating window and door openings using the appropriate additional elements ..

.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Per-window siding

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Installing siding around openings

Installation of metal and fiber cement siding is in many ways similar to the above technology. Differences may lie in the specifics of components and panel locks. Products from each manufacturer have their own characteristics. Therefore, for facing work, it is necessary to use products of the same brand.

Types of siding: rules for choosing and installing panels with your own hands

Decorating the house with siding

Video - Installation of Stone House siding

.

Step-by-step instructions + Photos and Videos
Step-by-step instructions + Photos and Videos

Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020

Best Places to Apply - Tips + Photos & Videos
Best Places to Apply - Tips + Photos & Videos

Posted By: Work Style |06, Nov 2020

PVC facade panels for exterior decoration of the house
PVC facade panels for exterior decoration of the house

Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020

step by step instructions + Videos and diagrams
step by step instructions + Videos and diagrams

Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020