Siding is the most popular material for facade cladding. The overwhelming majority of home owners seek to save money on finishing work and do them with their own hands. Therefore, it is important to know how to properly sheathe a house with siding using all the necessary components. But the first question to be solved at the beginning of work: the choice of the main material - panels.
Types of siding
Manufacturers of finishing materials for facades offer several types of siding:
Vinyl siding for brick
Among the descriptions of this finishing material, one can also find such a variety as wood. However, according to many experts, this material has a completely different name: lining, which can have different profiles and sections. The siding category is erroneously classified as a lining with a rounded (under a log) or rectangular (under a bar) profile. After installation, these materials also form a solid relief plane of the wall. Which is misleading about the classification of these products.
Meranti wooden siding
Wooden block house
Currently, the most popular products of the following siding manufacturers are:
Vinyl siding Snow Bird
FineBer plinth siding
Vinyl siding Grand Line
The enterprises are located on the territory of the Russian Federation. Fine Ber - in Novosibirsk, "Nordside" - in the Leningrad region, "Dyok" - in the Moscow region, "Orto" - in Samara and the Chelyabinsk region. Most of the production facilities operate using foreign technologies: Döcke - according to the German one developed by the German concern of the same name, Tekos - according to the Belgian one, "Nordside" - according to the American one.
There are not many enterprises working on Russian technologies.
This is primarily due to the fact that all manufacturers seek to secure the support of a more influential production with its own brand. In this case, the sale of products will be more successful. Therefore, in Russia, you can buy any siding with confidence. It will meet European quality.
Any type of siding requires the installation of a ventilated facade.
This is a design that provides optimal ventilation and vapor permeability of the walls.The ventilated facade is a multi-layer cake consisting of lathing, heat and vapor barrier, facing materials.
Ventilation facade scheme
If the building is located in a region with a warm climate, use a thin-layer heat insulator or do not use it at all. For regions with a cold climate, at least 15 cm of a layer of insulation is required. Any type of siding can be used as a facing material for the facade: metal or vinyl.
But the base for its attachment must be the above-described ventilated facade.
Regardless of what the siding is made of, the technology of its installation requires a number of components. In addition to ordinary panels, you need:
Additional elements for siding
Additional elements for siding
Additional elements for siding
Metal siding is chosen for various reasons. But the main ones are the strength of panels and components, frost resistance, moisture resistance, aesthetically pleasing appearance.
The relative disadvantages of these products include the ability of the metal to heat up under the influence of cold. But this problem is solved by using high-quality thermal insulation materials.
Type of metal siding on the facade of the house
The most popular is metal siding made of thin sheets of galvanized steel. The outer side of such panels is covered with a special protective compound that prevents corrosion. The panel covering is able to withstand significant temperature changes: from -60 ° C to + 80 ° C.
The most popular panels are protected from pural (up to 50 microns), plastisol (up to 200 microns), polyester (25 microns).
Metal siding under a log
Metal siding under a tree
In addition to steel, the market offers copper (oxidized or patinated) and aluminum siding. The latter is the least in demand, as it is a rather soft material, on which scratches and dents remain.
The structure of vertical aluminum siding
When choosing metal siding, you must make sure in advance that the supporting base on which it will be installed , is able to withstand a fairly significant weight of this facing material. You shouldn't worry about the service life of the panels: manufacturers guarantee at least 50 years of flawless service.
Having opted for metal siding, the buyer rarely thinks about the cost of additional elements that are necessary to give the facade a complete and attractive species. However, their price is only slightly lower than that of the panels. The number of components required is large. These are starting strips, finishing, cornice, soffits, window, external and internal corners.
Additional elements for metal siding
Without installing these components, you cannot make a high-quality facade cladding.
You can calculate the number of additional elements yourself or using the services of a point of sale. Qualified specialists work in every store of building and finishing materials. With the help of computer programs, they will be able to accurately calculate the amount of material needed to clad a particular building.
Vinyl siding gained popularity at the turn of the 60s and 70s of the last century. This finishing material has a lot of advantages.
The main ones are low price and aesthetic appeal. Therefore, this type of facade cladding is so popular among middle-class private developers.
The composition of vinyl siding
All types of vinyl siding are made from polyester sheets with a thickness of not more than 1 mm. The average length of the panels is 305 cm. You can also find other standard sizes: 3 m, but not more than 4 m.
Dimensions of zinc siding
Dimensions and other characteristics of vinyl siding
Options for different brands of vinyl siding
Vinyl siding has all the characteristics necessary to provide quality facade protection. But it also has its drawbacks. Among them:
These "minuses" are not present in metal siding. However, it does not look as "cozy" and "warm" as vinyl does.
Vinyl siding prices from different manufacturers
|Manufacturer||Manufacturing location||Model panels||Cost (rubles per unit)|
|Fineber||RF, Vologda||Fineber||from 140 rubles.|
|"Nordside"||RF, St. Petersburg||NordSide||from 145 rubles.|
|"Alta Profile"||Russian Federation, Moscow|| "Alta Siding" |
| from 155 RUB
from 180 rubles.
|Tecos||Belgium||Tecos Luxe|| from 160 rubles.
|Novik||Canada||With a front surface that imitates brickwork or natural stone.||from 800 rub.|
One of the main advantages of vinyl siding is light weight. Therefore, this finishing material is so easy to install. If you have a certain skill, the panels can be installed with your own hands, without outside help.
This type of siding is also good because it is malleable to processing. Vinyl canvases can be easily cut with a jigsaw, grinder with a disc for metal, scissors for metal.
Siding is cut with scissors
Grinder for cutting siding
Angle grinders (grinders)
The front side of vinyl panels may look different. One lamella can contain only one embossed profile (protrusion in the form of a narrow board), or two or three. For example, these are panels such as double and triple "Shipboard".
The "Herringbone" profile is also popular with the consumer. It can also be double or triple. Among the varieties of the horizontal profile are "Scales", "Shingles", "Bar", "Log". In addition to horizontal panels, there are products with vertical profiles. For the installation of such vinyl siding, a crate is required not with vertical, but with horizontal posts.
Docke siding. Herringbone
Shingle basement siding
Vinyl siding professionals prefer two brands: Döcke and Alta Profile. Both of these brands are not satisfactory. But "Döcke" has a more complex system for assembling components, so working with this brand's siding requires special knowledge. Alta Profile's products have only one drawback: a rather meager color palette of panels.
About Tecos siding, one can hear the following opinion: for its very average quality, it is too expensive in price. Panels of the brand "Nordside" in practice did not live up to their name ("nord" - north). And they showed a rather weak resistance to temperature extremes and frost. Good reviews of Ortho siding, in particular Georgia and Pacific.
Fiber cement siding is made on the basis of cement with the inclusion of cellulose fibers.
The production process involves the use of high temperatures and drying chambers. The finished products are durable, flat, resistant to temperature extremes.
Cedral Fiber Cement Siding
Fiber Cement Siding
Fiber cement siding is intended for cladding plinths, which is included in the category of facade work. This material can also be used for wall cladding.But it does not look as attractive as vinyl and metal.
Therefore, it is rarely used as a facade. However, they are often sheathed with the walls of garages, production and utility rooms.
Structured Fiber Cement Siding
Cedral Fiber Cement Siding is a man-made replacement for wood
Installation of fiber cement siding is practically no different from similar works with metal and vinyl. The same requirements for the presence of lathing, steam and thermal insulation of walls. Three brands of fiber cement siding are best known in Russia:
Eternit fiber cement siding
Domestic production - Latonit. Nichiha is made in Japan, Eternit - in Belgium. Russian products have a lower price with decent product quality.
Fiber cement panels Latonit on the facade of a private house
The cost of panels depends on the type of protective coating used in their production. Basically, in the design of fiber cement siding there are red, brown, gray tones.
Acrylic coated panels have a higher price tag. On average, it fluctuates between 600-650 rubles per unit.
Fiber cement painted siding panels LATONIT
Tools to get the job done.
Tool for siding installation
An extremely important stage is preparation of the surface for siding installation. The final result depends on how well it will be executed: the appearance of the tiled facade. First of all, they are convinced that the bearing surface does not require any cosmetic or major repairs. If necessary, remove the old cladding. All elements of finishing of window and door openings are removed.
Facade cladding work begins with the installation of the battens, to which all finishing elements will be attached. This frame can be assembled from metal profiles that are used when installing drywall, or wooden blocks of a suitable section (from 3/3 cm to 5/5 cm).
The lathing racks are not attached directly to the walls of the building, but through special products: suspensions. In the middle of these metal plates, special holes are provided for this purpose. The suspensions are fixed only with self-tapping screws and a screwdriver.
Nails and a hammer are not used in this work.
If the frame will consist of wooden blocks, the entire lumber is covered by 1-2 times with any currently available fire-retardant agent. After which the bars must dry completely.
Step 1. The attachment points of the suspensions are marked on the wall, which should be located at a distance of 40-60 cm from each other vertically and horizontals.
Thus, the step between the vertical struts of the frame will be 40-60 cm.
Upper and lower suspensions must be fixed at a distance of 15-20 cm from the corresponding wall edge. Straight lines are drawn along the marked marking lines. With the help of a level, they make sure that they are located exactly vertically.
Holes are drilled at the indicated attachment points of the hangers using a drill or puncher.
Step 3. Apply a suspension to each marking point so that the plate is horizontal and its central hole coincides with the hole in the wall.
Step 4. Insert a plastic dowel with a self-tapping screw in it through the suspension into the hole in the wall.
Screw in a self-tapping screw.
Step 5. Bend the side bars of the suspension, thereby giving it a U-shaped shape.
Step 6. The installation of the vertical posts of the batten starts from one of the corners of the building.
A bar or metal profile is placed between the suspension slats, aligned vertically using a level, and attached to the suspension with self-tapping screws. The easiest way to track the vertical is using a level equipped with a magnetic stripe. Such a tool can be fixed on a metal profile.
Fastening the racks of the lathing
In the places of window and door openings, the location of the battens of the lathing should follow the contours of the openings. If windows and doors have sufficiently wide slopes, the vertical frame posts should be located so as to provide the necessary slope (turn) of the slope towards the street.
Frame for siding
Frame made of metal profile
Step 7 . Mark the line of the base by pulling a thread or drawing a line at the bottom of the wall.
Step 8. Along this line, start strips are attached to the posts of the crate. There should be a distance of 4-5 mm between these additional elements.
Low tide fix
Step 9. Set the outer and inner corners. When attaching siding and any components, one condition is observed: the screws cannot be pulled close to the crate. Leave a gap of 1-2 mm. It is needed to compensate for the movement of the finishing material when it is heated and cooled.
Outside corner fixing
Step 10. Install the first row of siding panels. The lower end of each of them is brought into the corresponding bend of the starting bar.Then the lamella is slightly pulled up and fastened through the perforated top bar to the frame posts.
Attaching the siding panel
General installation rules
The H-profile is installed on the crate, into which the siding panels are inserted, observing a gap of 5-6 mm
Step 11 .
Install the second and subsequent rows of siding.
Installation of siding
Facade cladding with siding
Step 12. Having reached the top of the wall, before installing the last row of panels, measure the distance from the line of the installed siding to the cornice. If it (distance) is not enough to install a solid panel, cut it. Siding is fixed.
Step 13. Install a finishing strip covering the top edge of the last row of panels.
Installing the finishing plank
Step 14. Plating window and door openings using the appropriate additional elements ..
Installing siding around openings
Installation of metal and fiber cement siding is in many ways similar to the above technology. Differences may lie in the specifics of components and panel locks. Products from each manufacturer have their own characteristics. Therefore, for facing work, it is necessary to use products of the same brand.
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