The article will tell you how to sheathe a house with a professional sheet with your own hands. You will learn about the peculiarities of making this material, its types, pros and cons.
The desire to have a comfortable home pushes people to search for materials for its construction. The quality of construction and the appearance of housing largely depend on the building materials and the selected type of finish from the outside. The modern market offers a huge selection of finishing materials.
The most popular are siding, artificial stone and profiled sheet.
Profiled sheet is called in another way corrugated or corrugated sheet. It is widely used as a material for exterior decoration of houses, as roof , as well as for creating various types of structures.
Decking is a steel sheet that is shaped by roll forming. The final shape can be waveform or trapezoid.
The higher the waves on the sheet, the stronger and tougher the profiled sheet, the higher its quality. The thickness of the sheet also matters, but one must take into account the fact that the cost of the material will be several times higher.
The process of creating professional sheets takes place at a metallurgical plant. First of all, a zinc layer is applied to the metal sheet. Then, with the help of cold rolling, these sheets are turned into profiled ones.
Each new rolling increases the size of the wave on the sheet.
This cannot be done in one cycle, otherwise the material will become less strong. Then the sheets are dried. At the final stage of creating the corrugated board, it is opened with paint in one or two layers on the reverse side. Polyester is also added to the finished material, which is applied to galvanized and non-galvanized steel.
Pural gives the sheets strength and a wonderful look. Plastisol, which is used to cover galvanized steel, protects the material from rain and snow.
Profiled sheet is good because, in addition to its working properties, it has an attractive appearance, which is achieved by painting in various colors. Everyone can choose what they like best.
The level of rigidity allows it to be used as a material for finishing facades and walls, installing low fences.
Sheathing of houses with profiled sheet is best done with material marked "C".
As for the choice of color for the cladding of the building, experts do not recommend using more than 3 colors in the work. A sophisticated appearance can only be guaranteed by a correctly selected color palette.
For example, the combination of white and blue gives a home a harmonious look. For the foundation, the colors of natural stone or brick are most often used.
Sheathing a house with a professional sheet, as well as making other structures , for example a gate, can be performed both vertically and horizontally.
It all depends on the idea and fantasy. Measurement of the required amount of corrugated board should be started with measuring the walls of the building. Also, you need to find out the length of the profiled sheets, which will be taken as the basis for calculations.
The height of one wall is 3 m, the length is 6 m .
The height of the second wall is 3 meters, and the length is 8 m.
Simple calculation: (8x3) + (3x6) = 42 m² for adjacent walls.
Perimeter of the house = four walls, therefore, the result is multiplied by 2 = 84 m²
Inside the house, the opening of the door and window is taken into account. Determine their size and subtract from the total area.
Door width 1.3 m, height 1.
9 m. Let's take 6 windows with dimensions 1.5 x 1.3 as a basis. As a result, the total area, which does not require sheathing with a professional sheet, is 14.
36 m². We subtract this indicator from the original area and get the area that we will cover with corrugated board. For this example, 70 m². To find out the number of required sheets - the total area must be divided by the area of one profiled sheet.
Important! To the received amount it is necessary to add 10 - 15% of the stock of corrugated board (just in case of emergency).
Sheathing with a professional sheet of houses from a bar has its own specifics. First of all, it is necessary to treat the tree with special fluids that prevent the spread of bark beetles, whose vital activity entails rotting wood.
Otherwise, the putrefactive processes will spread to the skin. Damaged areas must be cleaned and torn with plaster.
The lathing of the house is carried out both horizontally and vertically.
The use of cross beams is unacceptable because it prevents air from entering the house.
Now you can proceed to sheathing the house with a professional sheet. It is necessary to take self-tapping screws with round washers.
When screwing in the self-tapping screws, leave space with a cap and a sheet in order to leave room for thermal expansion.
Work begins with sheathing the foundation of the house with a professional sheet. The first sheet begins to be fastened from the bottom of the house. Each subsequent sheet is overlapped.
This is necessary to create a reliable structure and prevents moisture from entering.
We follow the repetition of the pattern on the surface, for this we lay the sheets across. We work with the level and carefully handle the screwdriver, and then everything will work out.
Profiled sheets are cut with a hacksaw or specially designed scissors for metal.
The grinder is not used in work with a professional sheet because of the ability to destroy the integrity of the material. In the future, the sheets are covered with rust due to the violation of the anti-corrosion layer.
Profiled sheet for wood is very popular. The price of its work is slightly higher, but it also looks more presentable. It contains not only metal, but also polymers. The plus is that this type of corrugated board does not require any special care, as is the case with natural wood.
Sheathing of a brick house with a profiled sheet has its own characteristics and is more difficult than the flooring of wooden houses.
Special fasteners are required to install the corrugated board. Also, it is necessary to build a strong frame of metal pipes by welding and connect with steel corners.
They do not break or deform under weak or moderate mechanical stress.
Professional sheets are not afraid of fire.
Cons: If the profiled sheets are poorly fixed, they can be blown off by the wind.
The material has a high thermal conductivity, if you lean against the metal in the sun, there is a risk of getting burned.
With this in mind, you also need to take care of the thermal insulation of the house. In rainy weather or during hail, the sheets make loud sounds.
Also, if the sheets are not cut correctly, the anti-corrosion coating may be damaged.
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