Unusual and little-known facts about the electric plane

Unusual and little-known facts about the electric plane Electric wood planer and interesting facts about this tool

Electric tools are enough nowadays common as well as varied. Most manufacturers offer their products, which have approximately the same quality and consumer properties.

This is especially evident when manufacturers from China and other Asian countries enter the tool market.

All this applies to electric planers for wood.

Features of the tool and its purpose

An electric plane is a tool that is designed for wood planing.

But the structure is a uniform removal of the surface layer. This is required to create a smooth and even surface depending on the future purpose - grinding, finishing, fitting parts for future construction or installation work.

Previously, such tools were manual and required a lot of skill and experience to do the job correctly. It was required to calculate the pressing force, the extension of the blades, as well as the direction of movement of the tool. Electrical tools are a big revolutionary breakthrough in this complex business.

Please note, that with less or more success, any person who has practiced in this will be able to plan boards, and will master the features of operating the apparatus.

Instrument internals

All electrical devices have the same operating principle, and there are only minor complications depending on the purpose of the instrument. The diagram below shows this in great detail. An example is the plane from the domestic manufacturer Interskol, although in its place could be any other.

The main unit of the apparatus, namely its "heart" is an electric type of motor that rotates the cutter - the main working tool, due to which planing takes place.

This is a metal drum with replaceable knives. In addition to the main working unit, the electric planer will include different regulators - for the speed of the electric motor shaft, for the depth of material processing. Regulators are simple, mechanical or even electromechanical (it all depends on their purpose).

All these elements are based on a metal sole, horizontal tiles. The sole of the instrument is usually made of aluminum alloy or pure aluminum.

Its front part is movable and can be shifted up and down by means of a regulator by a set frequency in millimeters.

Unusual and little-known facts about the electric plane The height of the front sole will be the depth of treatment. This is the thickness of the layer removed from the surface of the planed board. If we talk about "amateur" models, then the layer will be 0.2-0.

3 cm, and in professional 4 or more.

The regulator of the thickness of the removed layer is usually equipped with a scale with a graduation of 0.1 mm.There must be longitudinal grooves on the front part to allow the flow of air that appears when the snare drum rotates. Moreover, these grooves can be used to quickly and easily chamfer.

All the "organs" of the instrument are enclosed in a body made of durable plastic. There are bearings in the attachment points of rotating parts. In the upper part outside there are the main controls for the tool, namely the start button and the inclusion of a fuse, which blocks the unauthorized start of the electric motor.

This is to avoid possible injury. The electric motor will be covered with a ventilated casing.

Moreover, there are holes in the body through which shavings and sawdust are blown out by means of the air flow from the rotating drum. This is the fundamental device of an electric plane, and the difference will be only in the quality of the materials used, as well as in the reliability of the nodes.


Unusual and little-known facts about the electric plane It is interesting that according to the power source the device can be networked and rechargeable. The latter type of apparatus is lighter, more compact, and can be used in places where there is no electricity.

Naturally, in this case, the operating time is limited until the next charging of the power supply.

There are also restrictions on the power of the electric motor.

Such a thing is very convenient in terms of autonomy, but a professional usually has in his kit both a network and a battery plane. The network planer is usually connected to a 220 V consumer network using a cable with a connector and an extension cord. The network makes it possible to work with tools of any power with virtually no time limit at a distance equal to the length of the cable. For this reason, the cordless planer and the network planer complement each other perfectly.

Please note that cordless planers are usually much more expensive than mains ones.

Moreover, electric planers are still tacitly divided into household and professional models. This division is not spelled out anywhere, and does not have strict criteria, but experts know that amateur models have a processing depth and width of 0.3 and 8.2 cm, respectively, and professional models from 11 cm, and from 0.

4 in depth. cm and more. The power of the electric motor for household appliances is from 0.6 to 1.5 kW, and in professional from 2 kW and above.

There are many other features as well, but usually they are only important for specialists.

Interesting and little-known facts about the plane

We offer to briefly consider the curious facts about such a tool as a plane.

  1. The name of the instrument comes from the German "RŠ°ubank".
  2. The oldest instrument was one made around the 1st century and found in Pompeii. It is interesting that the device is made of metal, but the first patented metal plane appeared in England, and then only in 1820 (19th century).

  3. A plane is the name of both a specific tool and a general purpose for a target group of devices, which are similar in design features. In total, there are more than 15 types of planers for a variety of jobs.
  4. Planers, which have a classic sole, are usually numbered from 1 to 8, and the universal (and therefore the most popular) tool is # 4.
  5. The most expensive planes are made by Briton Karl Holtay, as his devices cost up to 7,000 pounds sterling (~ 573,000 rubles).
  6. The British have a nickname for the universal masters "Jack", and it comes from the plane number 5, which was also previously called Jack.

  7. German and Dutch planes became popular in Russia thanks to Peter the Great.
  8. There are 6 types of planes in total - German, Dutch, English, Chinese, Japanese and French. The European one is very different in shape, but the Japanese plane stands out against the background of all the others, because it is pulled towards itself, and not pushed. The knife is fixed in a block without a wedge. With a Chinese device, you can work both for yourself and on yourself.

    In addition, it has handles and an ordinary European knife.

If you were interested, share interesting material with your friends, or tell us in the comments what else interesting you know about planers.

( 25 marks, average 3.32 of 5 )


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