Unusual facts about bog oak

Unusual facts about bog oak Unusual facts about bog oak + incredible story

There is a rather precious woody material that has silvery-gray noble veins, and it also absorbs history. We are talking about bog oak, the price of a cube of which ranges from 70,000 to 120,000 rubles.

For millennia and for centuries, sunken oak trunks were located at the bottom of river channels, where wood was stained without air ingress and became so strong that it was not inferior in this indicator even to stones. Mother nature, giving durability and a beautiful color range to this material, this has determined its incredible properties. There is no wood texture in the world that is more beautiful than this.

It is for this reason that a distinctive feature of products made of such wood is that they are not coated with varnishes, but with dyes. The color of the wood will speak for itself - the delicate shades of the fawn type indicate that the wood is from three to four hundred years old, and the black color is obtained if the tree has been stained for more than 1000 years.


The tone and intensity of the shade will depend on natural conditions, and also on the mineralization.

The purchase of black wood requires that it has been under water from one to two thousand years. The appearance of oak deposits will add up from a certain number of necessary conditions - the presence of oak forests on the shore, the speed of the river flow, the concentration of metal salts in the water for the mineralization process is favorable, a certain composition of the tame alluvium and a factor in the form of time.

It will follow from this that bog oak is a unique material, because the probability of coincidence of all the factors listed above is extremely small.

Unusual facts about bog oak It's impossible to say exactly when exactly the first bog oak was found, but the story associated with it will impress any person. One of the old legends says that the fences of the fortress were made from such a tree, which was erected by Prince Rurik on the shore of Lake Ilmen in the 9th century AD, and is considered one of the very first fortresses in the territory and history of Russia.

There are still facts that cannot be disputed in any way that thrones for the rulers of the powers were made of an oak tree that had lain for at least hundreds of years at the bottom of the river. There are several facts about this - the throne of King James II in Great Britain, or the throne of Peter the Great, which was made as a gift to the Emperor by English craftsmen.

The extraordinary properties of bog oak interested Peter so much that he ordered to catch this wood, and keep a strict account of the trunks. Later, in 1712, he presented Ekaterina Alekseevna with a box, which was made of bog oak, as one of the wedding gifts.


Black oak for gifts

By the way, giving gifts from black wood for special occasions after became a real tradition that lasted until the revolution.Cabinet, armchairs, and bureaus were donated for official appointments and anniversaries. Caskets, boxes, figurines were presented to beautiful girls for their weddings.

But the decoration of the rooms with bog oak wood at all testified not only to the fact that a person was wealthy, but also of his importance in society. Since this material was elite at all times, access to it still needed to be won.

The share of traditional extraction and creation of products from stained oak wood over the past hundred years has fallen to a lot of challenges, because the resources of such material are not unlimited, and there are almost no reserves left in Europe. For this reason, before the revolution, the material extracted on the territory of Russia was mainly sent to Europe, where they made interiors in royal courts - stairs, railings and other decorative objects in the houses of the august persons were decorated with bog oak.

For a very long time, they even tried to make such an oak by a handicraft method - the trunks were found in the water and pulled out manually to the surface, and then an industrial method of extracting elite material was created, which was used by the joint-stock company "Moscow-Kazanskaya Zheleznaya road".

After that, due to the First World War, the extraction of stained timber had to be closed, and contracts with the inhabitants of Europe were canceled. Over time, the development of fields revived from time to time with varying success.

Completion of work

Unusual facts about bog oak And now, in 1948 (February), the supply of timber consignments to the USSR led to the fact that the process of extracting and processing oak was recognized as unprofitable, which is why the Saransk Republican Office (and this is the only enterprise that was engaged in the extraction and improvement of bog oak) was abolished. So, in Russia, despite the incredible experience in mining and processing incredible material, everything was deleted for 60 years.

Today, the technology of mining and processing has been revived again, although it is available only to experienced craftsmen.

This is a very long and complicated process that requires large energy consumption and resources. Preliminary, before the start of the season, experts will investigate several hundred kilometers of river channels, analyze the features of the banks, depth, current speed and composition of the river bottom.

In places where deposits are expected, at different depths, scuba divers literally begin to explore the river bottom by touch in search of trunks that have sunk, and also dig the area around the trees found so that they can be raised ashore with technical modern means.

After the raw material needs to be processed, transported, sorted and dried. And only after drying, lasting 3 years, the material is beaten off for further processing.

By the way, in Russia there is the only museum of bog oak, which is located in the Republic of Mari El, Kozdemyanovsk (the building of a merchant house).