Ventilated facades for cottages: purpose, installation, advantages. One of the most effective thermal insulation systems is the ventilated facade. It was designed for tall buildings that are faced with porcelain stoneware or metal cassettes, but it was liked by owners of private houses, cottages and builders. Ventilated facades for cottages are a new trend in thermal insulation systems.
They are recommended for those developers who care about improving the comfort in their homes and improving the aesthetics of the exterior of the house.
The essence of the system consists in the fact that the layer of finishing material is attached at the departure from the layer of insulation, due to which a gap is formed, ventilated in a natural way , which will drain the insulation layer during operation.
The layers of this new insulation system are arranged in the following order:
Now, notice this:
e. with a protective film during production).
When these conditions are met, you will receive effective and durable insulation.
Cladding is exactly what helps to change any house beyond recognition.
For cladding of ventilated facades for cottages, slatted and slab materials are used:
As you can see, the choice of materials is large, and everyone will find what they like.
It is impossible to say something bad about natural stone, since this material is durable, fireproof, decorative, but its price is such that the facing only wealthy people or owners of large organizations can afford houses. In addition, it is heavy and requires a powerful carrier subsystem.
For the price, an artificial stone will be much better, which outwardly repeats the laying of a natural one, and is also decorative and durable. Such material is often used in order to cover the plinth or certain elements of the facade, for example, a part of the wall by the fireplace.
All types of siding can also be used to create a ventilated facade, and cladding with siding is a completely separate topic.
Cassette panels made of metal have interesting designs, as well as colors in the RАL system and different sizes. The advantages include fire safety, durability and low weight of products, and this makes it possible to save on the supporting subsystem. Aluminum composite panels have a layer of plastic between the two layers of metal, and are tough enough to withstand shocks and other vandals, and are painted the same as steel cassettes.
Fiber cement and asbestos cement tiles are not considered heavy, and are fireproof, durable, with a variety of front surface designs.
They are a budget substitute for expensive materials. As a replacement for stained-glass windows, they began to use special tempered glass for facing. Glass panels, which are painted in different colors, are decorative, and the buildings faced with them have a status appearance, but the material does not match the natural environment - this is an ideal material only for office buildings.
The supporting subsystem of ventilated facades for cottages consists of:
The brackets can be used to level the vertical plane of the curtain wall. The guides can be fixed to the wall vertically and horizontally, and, if necessary, in a combined way (vertically-horizontally).
The following materials are used for the manufacture of subsystem elements:
The galvanized metal subsystem is used for lightweight facings, since it is the most inexpensive material. The aluminum subsystem will cost you a little more, since it is better than galvanized steel due to its resistance to corrosion, but inferior in bearing capacity. Both subsystems are much better than elements made of stainless steel, but due to the high price they are used less often and for cladding with a large weight.
The supporting subsystem is attached either to the wall itself, or if the wall does not have good bearing capacity, to the floor slabs.
The sheathing material can be attached to the subsystem using a visible or hidden method. For cottages, it is worth paying attention to the ventilated facade system when using wood. Most often it is used in low-rise construction, when you need to insulate a house from a bar. For cladding, a block house or lining is used.
In the latter case, after the sheathing work, the house will look like a building made of logs.
Such a system does not have clear-cut industrially made elements and in each case it is carried out 100% individually.
Work on the arrangement of a ventilated facade for cottages can be carried out without the help of specialists. In accordance with the facade of the house, a cladding scheme is created, as well as the location of elements such as guides.
In order to determine the length of the brackets, the deviations from the vertical are measured. After the amount and type of cladding, insulation and supporting subsystem has been determined, the purchase of the required materials, fasteners and membrane, perform the work in the following sequence.
The advantages of a ventilated facade include:
The variety of designs, materials and shades of materials for facing is incredible.
When using them, it is possible to implement any architectural solution. If you have chosen a ventilated facade for your cottage, you can solve three problems at once, namely, you can improve living conditions thanks to insulation, provide the house with reliable protection from bad weather and increase the attractiveness of the house as an architectural object.
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