Ventilated facades attachment points: installation features. Ventilated facades have become popular for their reliability, aesthetics and heat retention. Despite the fact that there are many types of ventilated facades, their designs have only a few typical units. This is a hinged panel on the facade, which can be either insulated or not. Suspended panels are installed to the outer wall of the building on a frame made of aluminum or steel (stainless / galvanized) profiles.
For front panels without insulation, the facade system must include polymer or mineral insulation, which must be attached to the wall of the building using dowels.
Thanks to these elements of the frame, a ventilation gap will be formed between the insulation layer and the inner surface of the hinged panels, in which an ascending air flow constantly circulates, which will carry away moisture from a layer of insulation. To prevent air from escaping from the insulation layer, it is covered with a vapor barrier windproof film.
Ventilated facades units are universal structural elements that make it possible to produce original facade architectural solutions on the basis of both classical and ultramodern style. Let's look at the features of installing various types of ventilated facades.
This type of frame includes:
The main purpose of the supporting frame is that they are securely attached to the wall so that a ventilated air gap remains between the panels and the insulation layer. As a rule, mineral wool is used as insulation, but other materials can be used. At the same time, there are no glue and other "wet" technical processes - all joints are exclusively mechanical.
For frames in the curtain wall, ordinary aluminum and steel profiles are used:
In addition, some subtypes of profiles are used, which are designed specifically for the installation of hinged panels:
The frame is attached to the walls using brackets, which will carry the main load.
These types of panels are many times lighter than porcelain stoneware, which greatly facilitates installation work. in addition, loads on walls and foundations will be significantly reduced.The very process of installing fiber cement panels is even easier than finishing the facade with plaster.
Hinged fiber cement panels with a thickness of 1.6 cm and more are fastened to the supporting frame using special locks that are hidden from prying eyes - clamps. In panels with a thickness of 1.4 cm, holes are drilled through which they will be attached to the walls using decorative dowels, nails or self-tapping screws (it all depends on the wall material), which are painted to match the shade of the panels.
That grout is used to hide the joints.
Vertical profiles are attached to horizontal profiles, which helps to create a crate on which metal panels will be installed. Installation is recommended from bottom to top. The protective film from the front side of the panels is removed only at the end of the installation.
The peculiarity of such facade panels is that they are relatively lightweight, and this greatly simplifies installation work ..
. Fastening to the supporting frame made of aluminum profile is carried out using self-tapping screws, fastening brackets and screws
Finishing the facade in a private house with his own hand takes up to two weeks. The tools and accessories you need are:
Installation of thermal panels is carried out in several stages:
Install the first row of thermal panels starting from left and right.The panels should be hung vertically but on a tongue-and-groove basis. For installation on the frame, the panels have a special hole in the mounting step. Due to the high density of joints of thermal panels, the formation of a cold bridge, the formation of condensation and the development of mold is prevented. The presence of ridges and grooves on the sides of the panels ensured moisture resistance even in oblique rain.
It can only be used at freezing temperatures.
All stages, except for grouting, can be carried out at any time of the year, since they are not "wet" processes. Set aside the grouting process until the temperature is positive.
It is quite difficult to equip a ventilated facade unit with ceramic granite panels, and therefore such work should be trusted only by professionals. The presence of a large selection of panel sizes (from 30 * 30 cm to 100 * 100 cm) makes it possible to complete the finishing of the building in a short time and at the same time not lose quality.
In this case, it is imperative to carry out some stages of work, which differ depending on the type of porcelain stoneware and the type of structure:
Installation of panels is possible thanks to both open and hidden fastening systems:
Since the porcelain stoneware panels are quite easy to install, you can easily update the exterior of the building, following any fashion trends or your changing taste.
Installation using clamps implies accurate work.How to do this can be seen in the video tutorial:
Not so long ago, glass panels hinged type remained part of the facade systems only in huge office buildings. Such a facade looks expensive and did not interest the owners of private houses. But everything changes over time, and even those things that were previously inaccessible have become available to the public.
In this regard, the glazing of facades is no exception - the number of hinged production panels is growing every year, production technologies are improving every day, and the cost is decreasing. The perfect combination of aesthetic qualities and high functionality of glass panels also played a role.
The decoration of the suspended units of the ventilated facade with glass panels has certain advantages, which are determined based on the selected material, namely:
So, glass panels of class A are shockproof, panels of class B protect against burglaries, and class B are glass panels that cannot be pierced by bullets. There are also reinforced, tempered and even laminated glass panels.
But it would be dishonest not to note that there are disadvantages:
The cost of installing glass panels can be up to 20% of the price of the material. You will spend up to 30% of the amount on additional elements that are required for cladding, fastening the bottom row of panels, filing the cornice and installing spotlights. When buying material, find out if additional items are available and what the total purchase price will be.
The facade cladding is both a protective and a decorative piece. Date fixing systems the ability to create designs of any complexity.
The simplest one is a facade made of glass panes, which are made of crystallized glass. It is mounted on a typical post-transom supporting frame. The profile itself can be hidden behind glass or remain visible. In addition to the classic, there is a structural and spider attachment system. A spider or planar facade is a construction with an all-glass shell.
Bringing this technology to life involves point-by-point fastening with alloy steel fasteners.
Structural, or as it is also called frameless glass façade, is an expensive and complex façade system in terms of technical implementation. It is assumed that the panels are tightly connected, which will give additional functions to the elements of the supporting structure. In such a glass facade, decorative elements are not used, which are intended to mask the fastening elements. They should not protrude outward under any circumstances.
This design will give the impression of being solid.
To decorate building facades, modern production offers consumers many types of hinged-type facade structures. The breadth of choice makes it possible to bring to life an incredible number of designers' ideas. At the same time, external attractiveness is complemented by many practical components.
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