Volumetric woodcarving for beginners
Wood carving is one of the most popular and oldest forms of art ... When working with certain species of wood, carvers can make truly unique pieces - furniture, sculptures, household utensils and more. In the article we will consider all kinds of volumetric woodcarving, as well as what tools are needed for this.
You will also find step-by-step instructions for creating a box using this technique.
The following techniques of carving woodwork can be distinguished:
Sculptural or volumetric wood carving will involve the creation of sculptures, large pieces of furniture and the exterior. A through-type thread is quite often called a slotted thread, go openwork. The technique is characterized by the removal of the background from the patterns of the plane. Quite often, this method is used to decorate window shutters, pieces of furniture and cornices. In cases where through-type processing is attached to a wood base, and such work is called a waybill.
Embossed carving - it is considered the most difficult. It can be subdivided into high-relief and bas-relief. Varieties, in turn, will require high skill in woodworking and a wide variety of cutting tools. Most often, it is used to trim wood furniture and decorate interior elements. Blind carving is an equally difficult woodworking technique.
Sometimes even the most experienced craftsmen are unable to imagine the scale and scope of the work being done. A flat or flat thread is a pattern that is applied to a wood base using sharp tools. Even a child can be trusted with these works, subject to supervision by adults. As a rule, only those tree species that do not delaminate are used as a material, for example, chestnut or linden.
In order to buy all the knowledge you need, you need to have an experienced mentor, as well as desire, talent and free time. Mastering the skill of carving volumetric types of figures on wood will make it possible to realize all the daring fantasies, to recreate masterpieces of art, compositions, sculptures and many other objects. It is not enough just one knowledge of such a technique, while the master must be an artist, a creative person, a sculptor. The process itself is scrupulous and precise.
Volumetric wood cutting for beginners can seem quite difficult.
But there is no need to despair, because skills will sharpen with experience. The main thing is that you know where to start. The principle of preparation work is based on a competent choice of wood species. For example, large elements are much easier to cut from soft wood (linden, poplar or pine), since they are much more malleable, and vice versa, for cutting small elements, it is better to opt for hard wood species (oak or maple).
Another important preparatory step will be the creation of a sketch, which can be shown schematically, molded from clay or plaster, printed on a printer.
It is required to remember that without a sketch, the result will not be as accurate.
The video about volumetric woodcarving usually shows all the tools that will be used, since the technique of work is rather non-standard. These are both ordinary knives with chisels and specialized machines. To perform work at home, you will need the following tools:
Consider what are the working techniques to properly handle the tree.
When working, the master uses various methods of planing and wood processing, among which there are several main ones used with varieties of wood carving:
Used to remove chamfers and edges, in particular if they are placed perpendicular to the wood fibers. Work is done with one hand or holding the blade with the fingers of the other hand.
If it is necessary to remove large layers, but at the same time there is not enough room for maneuverability, pressure on the hands is made by the body.
Let's consider what materials you can work with.
For volumetric wood carving, we recommend using soft wood, for example, aspen, maple, linden or alder.
Linden is especially distinguished due to its uniformity, pliability and plasticity when carving. Alder and aspen are used a little less often. Before starting work with aspen, it must be steamed for 2-3 hours and then kept in the shade for about a day. After drying, the bar on which cracks have formed is processed by cutting off the ends.The wood must be without any flaws in the form of rot, voids and cracks.
Volumetric type of wood carving (photo examples are presented in the article) is made in this way:
The lines will mimic the features of a human face, bird feathers, animal skins, horse mane, veins on plants and other elements.
And now a little master class.
Photos of volumetric wood carving show unusual objects that impress with their beauty. To create a three-dimensional thread on the box (photo is shown below), you will need cutting tools, box blanks and a pencil.
Everything is done in this way:
To master the technique of cutting along the surface of wood, you should start with the smallest and simplest figures. During the working process, each carver receives his own secrets of craftsmanship, and also understands how best to make certain elements, how it is more convenient to hold tools, and so on. The main thing is that you should not be afraid, and you need to embody your dreams with all the courage.
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